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Montessori

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by

Cathy VanDrese

on 21 April 2014

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Transcript of Montessori

Montessori
By: Cathy VanDrese, Rachel Sundelius, Arianna Svestka, Kasey Kowalczyk, Stephanie Schulz
History Continued
In 1907 she opened her first classroom known as Casa dei Bambini (Children's House)
She had 60 children ranging from ages 1 to 6
Teachers were encourage to stand back and follow the children's lead
Movement to the United States
By 1911 her ideas were in the United States
By 1925 over 1,000 Montessori schools were opened in the United States
During the war Montessori ideas left the United States but later returned in 1960
Today there are over 4,000 Montessori private schools
Most schools go until the children are 3-6 years old or 6-9 years old
Upper elementary schools are very rare
Types of Toys
-Birth to 8 months

-Toddlers
-18-24 months
-2-3 years
Benefits of Montessori Materials
- Are Appealingly Designed
-Ingenious
-Invite Activity
-"Grow" With The Child
-Invite Discovery
HISTORY
Key Ideas of
the Montessori
Curriculum


Enhance the Curriculum with Materials

Movement and Cognition
Case Studies
Parent
involvement/ teacher roles

Choices
Avoiding Extrinsic Rewards
3 groups of children drawing
1st group: Showed an award and told to draw for 15 minutes. Recieved reward after.
2nd group: Told to draw for 15 minutes and then given reward.
3rd group: Told to draw for 15 minutes. No reward.
Each group is evaluated on creativity by an unbiased group of adults.
Social Education
3 year age groupings (3-6, 6-9, 9-12)
Children of different ages benefit from learning from one another
Only one adult in classroom
Children learn self-control
Parents and Their Infants
Communication
Create their 'world'
"Little people"
Give them space
Parent Involvement in the School
Parents are encouraged to be involved and volunteer in the classroom
5 Objects that Every Parent can Repurpose that fit with Montessori Ideas
1) Lower shelves in kitchen cabinets can be reserved for your child’s practical life activities (such as food preparation, spooning grains, or any activities for care of self, care of the environment, control of movement, and grace and courtesy).
2) Put educational materials and activities to help with eye-hand coordination on trays and/or baskets on shelves so your child can choose work independently.
3) Tweezers can be placed on a tray with small objects to be transferred from one container to another.
4) Kitchen tongs can be used to transfer cotton balls or ping pong balls from one container to another.
5) Grains or beans can be poured from one small pitcher to another small pitcher or from cup to cup.
Teacher's Role in Montessori Teaching
“The Montessori teacher strives to carry out discipline in the best sense of the word — both modeling appropriate kinds of behavior for the students and guiding them to appropriate kinds of behavior.”

Proactive Guidance: Communication strategies that guide, not force, children in positive ways as they develop
Redirecting:
Whispering
Showing respect for student
Using positive phrases
Montessori
Household

Floor Beds
Mobiles
Kitchen

Montessori education was founded by Maria Montessori
She was born in 1870 and passed away in 1952
Maria Montessori is from Italy
She started her studies in 1897 at the University of Rome
Studied with children with disabilities
She was involved in several public advocacy things: National Conference for Medicine, Pedagogical, National League for Protection of Retarded Children, etc.
Infants
Natural materials
Lots of texture
Parts that fit into each other
Entertainment vs. Educational
Create a Nourishing Classroom Culture
Infants
Sizing and location of items
Infants point of view
Colors
Talking and communication
Pre-School
Coach Children to Learn About Learning
Reflection
Do you think the pros out way the cons in the Montessori learning style versus a structured classroom?
Do you think children are capable of guiding their own learning?
Discussion:
What toys would you find in a Montessori environment? Why?
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
They used the "prepared learning" method to create the environment
Open space
Able to locate materials
Mental connections are dependent on movement
Movement is incorporated all over the classroom and is important in the learning process
6 jams are better than 24








"The prize and the punishment are incentives towards unnatural or forced effort which may turn an individual aside from their true vocation." (montessori, 1912)





"The prize and the punishment are incentives towards unnatural or forced effort which may turn an individual aside from their true vocation." (montessori, 1912)
"What is social life if not the solving of social problems, behaving properly and pursuing aim acceptable to all? it is not sitting side by side and hearing someone else talk." (montessori, 1949)
Full transcript