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Vampires

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Sharleen Hogan

on 2 November 2012

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Transcript of Vampires

By: Sharleen Hogan Vampires Types 1. Immortal Blood Drinkers

For the most part, immortal blood drinkers are the creatures we have been describing so far as "physical vampires." These vampires are the ones that are most similar to the undead found in popular fiction, although, of the several ethnic species in this category, no one particular type possesses even half the powers attributed by authors and screenwriters to their vampires. With that distinction made, the existence of immortal blood drinkers should seem more feasible, although there is a lot of evidence that seemingly supports the existence of this type of being, a lot of it is not completely convincing. For that reason, many might feel that immortal blood drinkers are the least likely type of vampire to exist. However, before you make up your mind, take into consideration the fact that their existence cannot be entirely disproved. History What
Are
They? Fun Facts
And
Videos
3. Unintentional Psychic Vampires

This is a type of vampire that most never find out about, including the vampires themselves! Unintentional psychic vampires are people who feed on the psychic evergy of other unconsciously. The reasons their bodies do so vary from case to case, but for the most part, they "feed" because they need the extra energy to survive some illness. Vampires of this type are often much older than their victims because, unfortunately, illnesses often set in as one ages. Those illnesses usually deplete a person to the point where his or her body feeds off younger individuals to remain vital. However, the unintentional psychic vampire can just as easily be a child, or within any other age group. The fact that vampires of this type feed without a victim's knowledge of their doing so makes them dangerous. 2. Mortal Blood Drinkers
Since the beginning of recorded history, common mortals have felt the need to drink blood for a variety of reasons. Those reasons range from ancient cultures' beliefs in the power of blood, especially the blood of an enemy; to a particular form of insanity, Renfield's Syndrome, which is named after the character in Dracula who is zoophagous(life-eater). 4. Intentional Psychic Vampires
Of the four types of vampires, the intentional psychic vampires are the ones that should be feared most. That is for two reasons: they cannot be destroyed or thwarted by any physical means(i.e., a wooden stake or a cross), and as two surveys show, about one out of five people are attacked by a vampire of this type during the course of their lives. Luckily, those attacks are rarely fatal. Intentional psychic vampires usually start out as individuals who drain other of psychic energy on purpose(occasionally under some kind of group guidance). When they master that, they move on to astrally projecting and feeding off the energy of sleeping victims. Eventually, like all of us do, those individuals die. At that time, they become earthbound entities that need to continue feeding in the previously described manner to survive; they use the psychic energy they absorb to keep their own astral bodies from decaying. While vampires have always been a favorite subject for popular culture, they have recently gained further popularity with the recent Twilight phenomenon and the popularity of such television shows as True Blood. There was a time, however, when human society’s fear of vampires was a very real fear and not just a fictitious one. Every culture that has ever existed has had vampire myths and legends in both their folklore and even their religion. From the Judeo-Christian stories of Lilith and her blood drinking daughters the Lilu, to tribes in Madagascar that tell tales of a blood sucking creature called Ramanga, it seems that for some reason the legend of the vampire is a universal aspect of human nature.
Ancient people often suspected and feared that deceased loved ones would return from the dead and become a vampire. Vampire killing rituals became common all over the world from the 15th century all the way up to the 19th century. In Venice, ancient corpses are sometimes found with bricks shoved into their mouths, this was part of an ancient vampire slaying ritual. In Germany lemons were placed into the mouths of suspected vampires. In Romania garlic cloves were shoved into the mouths of corpses to prevent them from rising from the dead, this being the source of the popular myth that vampires hate garlic. In America, as recently as 1892, a young man’s corpse was dug up and his heart was cut out and burned because he was a suspected vampire. While vampires are usually thought of as fiction today there are still some sects of human society that have a strong belief in real vampires. In the African country of Malawi people began reporting being attacked by vampires all through out 2002 and 2003. The hysteria grew so much that many suspected vampires were stoned to death. A Governor, Eric Chiwaya, was stoned by a mob that claimed that the government was colluding with vampires. Chiwaya barely survived the attack.
In some small communities in Romania, a country that many believe to be the source of many modern vampire myths, the fear of vampires is still very real. In 2004, Toma Petre was suspected to be a vampire by his family. His family dug up his corpse, cut out his heart, burned it, and mixed the ashes with water in order to drink it. This ritual is an ancient technique used to destroy vampires.
There are two types of vampires prevalent in world culture. There are the primitive killers and the suave aristocratic vampire. Often times serial killers are dubbed vampires due to their ingestion of their victim’s blood. These cases can be related to the common idea of the primitive vampire. The aristocratic vampire popularized by Bram Stoker’s Dracula and perhaps more recently by Anne Rice’s Vampire Chronicles, has their sources in real life historical figures. What are Vampires?
1. A corpse supposed, in European folklore, to leave its grave at night to drink the blood of the living by biting their necks with long pointed canine teeth
2. A person who preys ruthlessly on others
- the protectionist vampires in the Congress
3. A small bat that feeds on the blood of mammals or birds using its two sharp incisor teeth and anticoagulant saliva, found mainly in tropical America 1. Vampire legends date as far back as ancient Egypt and Sumeria
2. Folkloric vampires of Eastern Europe especially the Balkans did not have fangs and were described as having ruddy and bloated appearances. They were afforded the gaunt, pale look by novelists such as Bram Stoker. 3. Vlad the Impaler is credited as the inspiration for Dracula. Vlad was guilty of sadistic torture of his enemies, including impaling but as far as is known he never drank his victims’ blood.
4. In the 16th century, Countess Bathory of Romania slit her maidservants’ throats and drank their blood with the mistaken notion that it would give her longevity and it is alleged that this gave rise to the blood drinking activities of vampires in fiction 5. In Stoke-on-Trent, Staffordshire in 1973 a Polish expatriate, Demetrius Myiciura died from choking on a clove of garlic. He was found in his home surrounded by salt, garlic and crucifixes all reputed to stave off vampires.
6. There is also a report that another Polish man, Jan Dbworski, died in similar circumstances in Stoke on Trent but in 1966 7. Nicolae Ceausescu, communist dictator of Romania from 1965 to 1989 was portrayed by protesters against his regime as a vampire
8. There are people who genuinely believe themselves to be vampires. In 2002 in Edinburgh, a Scot tried to convince a jury, unsuccessfully, that he believed himself to be a vampire and that it was the reason for his murder of a friend 9. In Cuba in 1977 there were reports of goats being attacked and drained of their blood. The creature attacking them was called a “Chupacabra”. It is still not known what the creature was.
10. ‘Nosferatu’ was the first ever vampire movie that followed the “Dracula” storyline. It was released in 1922, silent and black and white. The first ever vampire movie is believed to be the German silent “Nachte des Grauens” aka “Night of Terror” released in 1916 and featured vampire-like beings. Different Types
Of Vampire
Legends? Legend #1
Kithnos Vampire
This is a short but humorous story of a vampire that practically took over the small Aegean island of Kithnos. He was the only vampire left on that island because all the others were destroyed, and the dead had been keep away from the devil by sealing the mouth of the dead with crosses of wax.
This vampire was named Andilaveris. His nightly haunting were not at all the same as those of a regular vampire. He did not attack the living but instead roamed around at night into villages and dined off their food and then destroyed their plates and glasses. His actions were more of an annoyance to the villagers than a life and death threat. His most childish act was standing on top of the roof of a church and urinating on anyone who passed. Luckily he had to stay in his grave on Fridays giving the villagers at least one peaceful night without is presence. Knowing this, a priest, a sexton, and several others opened his tomb and send his body across the water to a deserted island, Daskaleio, where he was trapped and unable to cross through the water. Legend #2
Morieve, Viscount de

Morieve was living at the time of the French Revolution and instead of being part of the Revolution he hid away from it until it was over. He had the wealth, which was passed though many generations, to hide during the revolution. This caused the peasants to ridicule him. After the Revolution, he had the peasants come to his home, where he chopped off their heads. He did not escape from his actions because shortly he was murdered. Morieve was buried but even after he died his killing seamed to remain. Children disappeared and their bodies were found with slashed throats and all their blood was drained. While Morieve’s grave was being repaired, the number of murdered children grew to nine per week. The scary torture of children lasted for seventy two years straight. It did not stop until a grandson of Morieve took his title. He had Morieve’s tomb opened and was surprised to find that Morieve's corpse was completely preserved. He ordered the body to be put though with a whitethorn stake during which blood rushed from the screaming corpse. Legend #3
Philinnion

The story of Philinnion is more of a love story but does have a little vampire characteristic and takes place in the second century A.D. Philinnion, a young female ghost, returned from the dead to be with her lover Machates. He was staying at her parent’s house when she returned. No one knew until the nurse saw a women in bed with Machates that looked like Philinnion. She notified Philinnion’s parents who had also seen the women and believed that she was Philinnion. However they did not disturb them until the morning when they questioned Machates about her. Machates claimed that he did not know that she was dead. Mysteriously, she had left behind the ring, that she had on when she was buried, and the ribbon that was used to tie her body in the grave. The second night when Philinnion appeared, Machates let her parents see their daughter, but to their surprise they were greeted by scolds. Philinnion was disappointed because she only had permission from God to see Machates and now that had to return. Philinnion died again and this time never returning. The family’s loss spread though the town. Philinnion’s tomb was examined and found empty. Later, her body was found by magistrates in her home and was burned. Vampire
Characteristics Vampires have many characteristics that vary
from each vampire depending on where they came from.
Here are some of the characteristics:
1. They need blood to survive because it is the elixir of life, without blood they will die. The blood gives them energy, power and replenishes their body. It is the key to immortality 2. They only come out at night because they fear sunlight. 3. They grow stronger, tempering with time 4. In folklore, it is not mentioned
that vampires have fangs. 5. They have an angular face and
a waxy complexion--looking pale and drained. 6. They have the ability to shapeshift in other words change
into an animal like bats, rats, cats, raven and wolves. 7. They have the power to control animals
(the animals that they can change into). 8. They live in their graves during
the day and rise during the night 9. They have no reflections, so when they look
in the mirror they don't see anything 10. Vampires die if they have been staked through
the heart by wood, burned or by decapitation and removing the brain. 11. Religious symbols do not harm folklore vampires. 12. When vampires drink the blood of a
person that person will turn into a vampire. 13. When a person dies violently, committed suicide or was wrongly
accused and killed, he or she may become a vampire. Powers Common means
of securing
safety from vampire attack. Common Attributes

Create other vampires: Some believe the vampire can choose to create more of it's kind; others think that it take three bites to be effective.
Flight: The bruxsa (female species found in Portugal), lansuir (female species found in Malaysia), and aswang (female species found in the Philippines) can fly; other vampires change shape to fly.
Misting or vaporizing: Gives the vampire access to places considered secure or hard to reach.
Strength: Equal to that of many men; increases with age.
Hypnosis: Useful in luring and ensnaring victims.
Change in size or demensions: Good for tight spots.
Control of the elements: Power over wind, rain, and other natural forces.
Control of animals: Power extends over many creatures, including insects, rats, fleas, and bats.
Eternal life: Varies in length; not all vampires are immortal.
Scale walls: Vampires are as nimble as spiders.
Transformation: Vampires can turn into bats, dogs, wolves, butterflies, insects, rats, birds, fleas, mice, and locusts.
Drain life-force or psychic energy: An attribute of the psychic vampire. Less Common Attributes

Causing blight and crop failures: Vampires are opposed in this activity by the Kresnik (kind of vampire fighter found in Istria in Slovenia.)
Causing plagues or epidemics: The result of killing some many people.
Siring children: The offspring are called dhampirs in some regions.
Causing impotence: A power of the nosferatu (Romanian species of vampire.)
Stealing organs: A power of the jigarkhwar (witch or sorceress found in the Sind region of India), which takes the liver, and the upier (species found in the Ukraine), which takes the heart. Stakes Sunlight Decapitation Drowning Fire Silver Garlic Holy Symbols Running water Weaknesses How To
Kill
A Vampire. Common Methods

Staking: The most commonly used method in the world.
Beheading: Avoid splattering of the blood.
Sunlight:Some aged and powerful vampires are immune.
Cremation: Found throughout the world; scatter the ashes.
Piercing with a sword: A blessed sword should be used.
Immersing in water: A bathtub can be used, but body disposal may prove a problem.
Drenching in garlic and holy water: Large amounts have to be hailed to the gravesite to assure a clean kill; oil, wine, or vinegar can also be used.
Touching with a crucifix: Destroys young vampires but is normally used only as a repellent.
Trapping in the grave: Tron bits, red peas, rice (for Chinese species), roses, garlic, stones, and holy water can be used.
Extracting the heart: Can be very messy. Less Common Methods

Stealing the left sock: Useful for only a frew species: Fill a sock with soil, grave dirt, or rocks, and throw outside of village limits, aiming for a river.
Injecting with holy water: Demands close proximity to the vampire.
Magic: Use only a trained sorcerer.
Bottling: Hire a professional Malaysian or Bulgarian sorcerer.
Using a dhampir: Some dhampirs are disreputable and untrustworthy because of their vampire lineage.
Using animals: Cocks, dogs, and white wolves recommended.
Boiling the heart: Use in conjunction with heart extraction; vinegar, oil or wine can be used.
Using Sabbatarians: Only if they wear their clothing in a particular fashion. Common Impliments

Garlic: Most common protective herb, used on windows, doors, around neck, possibly under armpits; mixed with water it can be sprinkled or sprayed throughout an area.
Holly: Placed around house. Fishnets: Placed on windows or doors or in graves to distract vampires who are obsessive about untangling objects.
Seeds: Seeds such as mustard or poppy are sprinkled on yards or walkways. Grain: Oats, millets, and other grains are sprinkled on yards and walkways
Holy water: Vials can be thrown at vampires, poured into graves or coffins, or sprinkled on doors, windows, thresholds, and other areas. Candles: An abundance of light deters vampires, especially if candles have been blessed.
Incense: Incense of the Latin rite preferred over the Eastern variesties, but both are acceptable and offer powerful protection. Tar: Crosses are painted with tar on doors and windows.
Knives: Stab the vampire in the heart; also useful against the mara. Mirrors: Placed on doors because they really annoy vampires when they cannot see their own reflection in them.
Stakes or pins: Used to impale or pierce, but care must be taken to avoid spurting blood. Magic or witchcraft: Potent protections, but can be performed only by the trained.
Appeasement with blood: Barely useful, but a method for stalling until help or dawn arrives. Crosses or crucifixes: The traditional method; the use of such sacramentals can hold vampires at bay or can render a gravesite useless to them.
Icons: Particularlyeffective among Byzantine or Othodox vampires. Eating of blood bread: A method used in Poland.
Burial of wine: A method used on Transylvania, not known in many other regions. Drinking blood brandy: A method used in Pomerania.
Consecrated host: The sacramental is hard to come by and should be handled with care, lest sin of blasphemy cause user more problems than the visits of a vampire The Blood
Countess
Also Known As Countess Elizabeth Bethany As the legend goes a servant girl had committed a small infraction and Elizabeth slapped her. Having made her nose bleed she noticed the blood removed her wrinkles. Being very vain she began bathing in the blood of virgins. This didnt erase the aging process however and Majorova, the forest witch, advised her that the virgins needed to be of noble blood. Born August, 7, 1560 in Hungary to Baron George Bathory and Baroness Anna Bathory. Both were of the family Bathory. Such inbreeding was not uncommon in the aristocracy of 16th century Eastern Europe. The noble line kept pure was of paramount importance.
Countess Elizabeth Bathory spent her early life in Ecsed Castle in Hungary. She learned German, Greek and Latin. She was interested in Science and astronomy.
At the age of 12 she was engaged to Mr. Ferenc Nadasdy which was a political decision within the aristocracy of the time and set up by his mother, Ursala, to add prestige to their family.
In May 1575 she married Mr. Nadasdy who added Bathory to his less distinguished last name. Castle Csejthe in Slovakia was given to the Countess as a marriage present from her husband. He was made commander in chief of the Hungarian army troops around 1678.
He was off fighting the Turks most of the time actually enjoying fighting more than domestic life. When he was home he joined his wife in torturing and abusing young women and even taught her new methods.
Elizabeth had six children two of which died early. One illegitimate daughter, Anastasia and two other daughters and a son.
Her husband died in 1602.
Her main accomplices were her former nurse llona Joo, Thorko who taught her black magic, witches Dorthya, Szentes and Durvalia, dwarf majordomo Johannes Ujvary, and Erzi Majorova, a forest witch.
As the legend goes a servant girl had committed a small infraction and Elizabeth slapped her. Having made her nose bleed she noticed the blood removed her wrinkles. Being very vain she began bathing in the blood of virgins. This didn’t erase the aging process however and Majorova, the forest witch, advised her that the virgins needed to be of noble blood. The servant girls were subjected to horrendous torture in their ladyship’s special chamber. The countess wrote in her diary that she murdered 610 virgin servant girls. Elizabeth would use molten wax, knives and branding irons to shed their blood.
This was a time when vampires were believed to be real. Peasants began to gossip about the bloody orgies at the Castle Csejthe. Seeing the countess in the company of a tall, pale stranger and taking him to be a vampire they took her to be one as well.
It is also said that the Countess was a lesbian who visited her lesbian aunt Countess Karla Bathory and participated in woman’s orgies.
Bathory went into the forest and cast a spell on King Matthias II of Hungary, Count Gyorgy Thurzo, her cousin and others she thought were against her. After a decade of vampirism, mutilating and bleeding dry nearly 650 village virgins she was now nearing her end. On December, 29, 1610 Castle Csejthe was raided by Thurzo and the countess put under house arrest. Her accomplices were tortured and they confessed to crimes they were accused of and shortly there after were executed.

The countess went to no trial for she was royalty and could not be subjected to such things. King Matthias ordered her walled up in a windowless chamber where she lived until her death three years later on August, 21, 1614. Vampires
VS.
Human Brain/Nervous System

A vampire's nervous system is similar to humans and has proven to be their "achilles heel." Injuries to the spinal cord and brain can devastating for vampires. While a vampire's spinal cord and nerves work as before transformation, a number of changes take place in the brain, and that altered brain chemistry goes a long way toward understanding vampire behavior.



Normal Brain (left) shows serotonin activity; Vampire Brain (right) shows none

Serotonin: vampires have much lower levels of this neurotransmitter. In humans, low levels of serotonin trigger aggression and risky behavior. A study of murderers on death row revealed low levels of serotonin in their brains.

Dopamine: another neurotransmitter, dopamine induces feelings of well-being. In vampires, it is released during feeding and has a narcotic-like effect. Neural pathways activated in vampires during feeding are much like those found in addicts when using drugs.

Circadian rhythms chemical changes in the brain that help us "rise and shine" with the morning light are reversed in vampires. Sense Organs

Powerful sense organs gave vampires an advantage both in hunting and eluding capture. Sneaking up on them virtually impossible, as they are aware of your presence long before you are aware of theirs.

Normal eye (left); Vampire eye (right)

Sight: in vampires, the iris in each eye becomes hyperdilated, giving them what appear to be black eyes. While this iris dilation gives vampires excellent night vision, it renders them effectively blind in daylight. In addition, vampires suffer inflammation of the sclera, making the whites of their eyes appear red.

Smell/hearing: both senses are extremely acute, as vampires have double the receptor cells in their noses and ears compared to humans. In fact, vampires usually smell or hear a person coming long before they see one. Hair, skin, teeth, fingernails

Part of the terror of encountering a vampire stems from dramatic changes to their outer appearance. Some of these changes are functional, while others remain a mystery.


The upper (l) The lower (r)
eyeteeth experience rapid growth

Teeth: during vampiric coma, the upper and lower eyeteeth experience growth. Additional enamel is deposited on the crown of the tooth. Vampires will file the teeth to make them sharper for easier feeding.

Hair: vampires lose all their bodily hair within ten years of transformation (except for the tiny hairs in their ears, known as cilia).

Skin: a newly-transformed vampire has a sickly, pale yellow skin tone that turns to blue over the next few days. In time, the skin becomes more and more translucent, and a fine network of veins become visible under the skin.

Fingernails: vampire fingernails thicken and grow at a rapid rate. Vampires will file their nails to a point, which helps them in grabbing victims. Circulatory System

The most profound differences between humans and vampires are found in the circulatory system. These differences enable vampires to survive massive trauma that would kill a human being.

Blood: vampire blood is called ichor (pr. ik-er). Modifications to hemoglobin in the blood cells makes vampire blood appear black.

Heart: vampire blood is pumped via the contraction of skeletal muscle rather than the heart, which eventually atrophies from disuse.

Adrenaline: this "emergency hormone," which normally kicks in during "fight or flight" situations, is found in consistently large amounts in vampire blood. The presence of adrenaline, along with changes in muscle, bone and connective tissue, account for vampire's extraordinary strength, speed and aggressiveness.



Seen through night vision,

a vampire attacks its prey Body Temperature

A vampire's core body temperature is only about 60 degrees, compared to over 98 degrees for humans. This marked difference proved to be a great help for modern vampire fighters, as it made vampires easily distinguishable from humans when viewed through heat-sensitive infrared imagery (note the difference between the vampire and human in the picture at right).

Muscular/Skeletal System

Adaptations in their skeletal and muscular systems give vampires significant advantages over humans.

Muscles/Connective Tissue: about 90% of vampire muscles are of the fast-twitch variety (compared to 50% for the average human). Fast-twitch muscles enable short bursts of maximal force, ideal when hunting prey. Also, vampire ligaments and tendons thicken in response to the workload imposed upon them by the muscles.

Skeletal system: vampire bones thicken, an adaptation necessary to support their newly-powerful muscles.
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