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Crisis and Absolutism in Europe

World Studies Presentation

Claire Fridkin

on 24 January 2013

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Transcript of Crisis and Absolutism in Europe

IVAN THE TERRIBLE (IVAN IV) Absolute Monarch Of Russia Ivan the Terrible expanded Russia, after appointing himself as czar. He murdered his son. What an accomplishment!! :) He also began the Times of trouble Crushed the Russian Nobility Louis XIV Absolute Monarch of France He was raised into power, so he lived extravagantly He believed in the divine rights of kings. He established Versailles to watch over the chief offices of the state. Leo DiCaprio as Louis XIV Louis XIV and Baptiste Colbert Financial Bros REAL Louis XIV Baptiste Colbert was in control of the finances Crucial financial issues in France at the time of Louis XIV: he spent extravagently causing a deficit. Louis Tomlinson- can you see the difference? Colbert applied the ideas of mercantilism to fix France's problems. Raised tariffs on foreign goods, built roads and canals. Just tried to make more money for France. This increase in economic power resulted in a more powerful, plentiful army whenever war struck. Protestantism and Catholicism Took place between 1562 and 1598 French kings attempted to kill out all Protestants Succeeded in a great number of deaths, but didn't stop the spread of Protestantism Ended when Henry IV came into power and converted to Catholicism INFLATION IN EUROPE Inflation- the raising prices because the value of money lowers From 1560-1650, Europe experienced inflation. Reasons for inflation were the great influxes of gold and silver from America, and the growing population which drove up the demand on land and food. In 1600, an economic slump happened in Europe, partially because of the Spanish dependency on silver, which there was less of coming from the mines. Elizabeth I Elizabeth Tudor Peter the Great Westernized Russia, in a way so they acted the same as the rest of Europe when he visited them.
Examples: men must shave their beards, women could go out without veils. Made England the Leader of Protestant Nations Repealed all laws favoring the Catholics Thomas Hobbes and John Locke Opposing views on Absolutism Her military power beat King Phillip of Spain's Armada Father was Henry VII of England The Witch Trials People are getting suspicious Hobbes believed in absolutism and believed that it was necessary in order to keep a stable society Locke believed in natural rights among the people, such as freedom and life. Usually tried were women- 50 or older, either widowed or single, and/or poor Inquisition brought back to try the accused as well as the heretics Formed Russian Navy and reorganized Russian military. Many people (especially women) died during this time even if innocent Created St. Petersburg, which was the capitol of Russia until 1918. RUSSIA ENGLAND When Henry IV was king, he resolved the religious issues between the Huguenots and Catholics with the Edict of Nantes. Elizabeth balanced the power. Elizabeth was a Protestant. THE END! Crisis and Absolutism in Europe: Absolute Monarchs SPAIN King Phillip II "The Most Catholic King" Known as the most Catholic king because of many victories against Protestant states.

However, lost armada of ships sent to England.

He eventually spent all of Spain's money on war. Her sister, Mary, killed thousands
using religion as her only excuse. She
became known as Bloody Mary. In conclusion.... There are lots of examples of good absolute monarchs, like Elizabeth I, and bad ones, like Ivan the Terrible. But it's really hard to be a good one. The power can corrupt and ruin you, which is why we don't think it's good to have a sole individual with absolute power run a country. However, it can be good in times of chaos. The Edict of Nantes Established by Henry IV French Wars of Religion James I Divine Right of Kings James I of England was the first to come up with the idea of divine right of kings, that kings receive their power from God and are only responsible to God. Some ther absolute monarchs believe in this. FRANCE SOURCES! Peter the Great: http://www.saintpetersburg.com/history/peter1st.asp Elizabeth I:
http://tudorhistory.org/elizabeth/ Ivan the Terrible:
http://www.nndb.com/people/933/000092657/ Louis XIV:
http://www.louis-xiv.de/index.php?id=31 And our great textbook.
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