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The Great Gatsby Background
Transcript of The Great Gatsby Background
Born on September 24,1896 to Mary McMillan and Edward Fitzgerald ; F. Scott Fitzgerald was born into a Irish Catholic family in St.Minnesota.
Participation in World War I
Was never near any of the action; didn't even go to France.
Commissioned as a second Lieutenant
Assigned to Camp Sheridan; Montgomery, Alabama
Discharged in 1919
Later Career and Death
He had four sisters
His father was a furniture manufacture
He was named after his famous second cousin
, Haversack, New Jersey from
1911 to 1913
Princeton University in 1913
Although he didn't graduate he joined the
as second lieutenant in
Began writing at St. Paul Academy
First Story, "Babes in the Woods" was published in The Smart Set (1919)
First Novel, "This Side of Paradise" (1920)
Literary magazines began to publish his works. "The Diamond as Big as the Ritz" Being one of the most popular.
Family Background/ Education
Met Zelda Sayre in 1918, she was also a writer, and they were married in 1920.
Their Child was born in 1921, Frances Scott "Scottie"Fitzgerald.
Fitzgerald Relationship with Zelda is told in his novel "The Crack Up".
After his father's business failed the family moved to Buffalo New York where he was employed by Proctor and Gamble
When his father lost his job the family returned to St.Minesoda where he was privately educated up until the age of 15.
Was an alcoholic since his college days which left him with poor health problems by the late 1930s.
Fitzgerald earned over four hundred thousand dollars between 1919 and 1934.
Fitzgerald and his wife lived a lavish lifestyle that didn't support their financial means
By 1937 Fitzgerald owed more money to the bank than he was making off of his books
Suffered two heart attacks in the late 1930's
Died on December 21, 1940 at the age of 44 of a heart attack.
Bruccoli, Matthew J. "A Brief Life of Fitzgerald." F. Scott Fitzgerald Biography. The F. Scott Fitzgerald Society. Web. 09 Dec. 2013. <http://www.fscottfitzgeraldsociety.org/biography/biography_p2.html>.
"USC: F.Scott Fitzgerald Centenary Home Page." USC: F.Scott Fitzgerald Centenary Home Page. University of South Carolina, 7 Jan. 2007. Web. 10 Dec. 2013. <http://www.sc.edu/fitzgerald/>.
Articles of clothing were trimmed and lightened to make movement easier. (Jazz age)
Hair was worn shorter and make up was worn as well.
Ratified in 1919-1933
The 18th amendment made the manufacture , sale , and transportation of alcohol illegal
Allowed organized crime gain a foothold in American politics, economics and local government.
Prohibition lead the way for organized in America
The mafia's violent crimes fascinated the public and became a part of popular culture.
1919 World Series Scandal
Also known as the Black Sox Scandal
Eight players of the White Sox were accused of throwing the series against the Cincinnati Reds.
The players were banned from professional baseball for life
Fashion in the 1920's
Life in the 1920's
Flappers drank, smoked,a nd even greated the concept of dating. Before flappers drinking and smoking was something only done by men.
Members involved: Eddie Cicotte and Claude Williams , Buck Weaver , Arnold Gandil , Fred McMullin , Charles Risberg and Oscar Felsch
1919 World Series Scandal
The White Sox team was formed in 1900 under the ownership of Charles Comiskey.
Despite their many wins the White Sox were an unhappy team
Comiskey frequently paid his players with low salaries and made them sign contracts so they could not join other teams
Without an union the players had no bargaining power
Rumors circulated the players gained most of their income by throwing games
The Volstead act clarified this law on October 28, 1919 stating any beverage containing 0.5% of alcohol is was also considered illegal.
The Act also stated that owning any item designed to manufacture alcohol was illegal and it set specific fines and jail sentences for violating Prohibition.
The 21st Amendment repealed the 18th Amendment, making alcohol once again legal. This was the first and only time in U.S. history that an Amendment has been repealed.
An Italian-American organized crime network with operations in cities across the United States rose to power through it success in the trade of Liquor during the Prohibition ear.
After Prohibition the Mafia moved into other criminal activities from drug trafficking to illegal gambling
Women's fashions in the early 1920's experienced dramatic changes following the end of the first world war, in a period often referred to as the "roaring 20's", the era of the "flapper".
Women dressing in the new and colorful fabrics echoed the joy felt by a war weary population following the end of hostilities.
Dresses were lighter, brighter and shorter
Corsets became smaller and more flexible
Men wore high-waisted jackets worn with belts
Trousers were narrow , straight and short so that a man's socks often showed
Effects of WW1 in America
Women began working in factories
New technologies were invented to help manufactures meet the needs of the government and the people
African Americans migrated to cites to find jobs
Shifted from rural areas to more urban ones
People who had fought in the war often couldn't find jobs when they returned back home