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Amendment 26 Presentation

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by

Sam Davis

on 28 November 2012

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Transcript of Amendment 26 Presentation

History The 26 Amendment: Providing Suffrage to the Youth The 26th Amendment Year Ratified: July 1, 1971 • An extension to The Voting Rights Act of 1965 was signed by President Nixon in 1970, lowing the voting age in federal, state, and local elections to 18. Sources • In March 1971, the Senate voted 94–0 and the House of Representatives voted 401–19 in favor of proposing a Constitutional amendment to guarantee that the voting age could not be higher than 18 Description Past Court Cases Current Argument: Should photo ID be required to vote? Significance: “Old enough to fight, old enough to vote” • During the Vietnam war, many young men were drafted to fight in the war, but were refused the right to representation in the government. "Old enough to fight, old enough to vote" 28th Amendment School Research • This two-sectioned amendment bars states and the federal government from setting a voting age higher than 18. • Section 1: The right of citizens of the United States, who are eighteen years of age or older, to vote shall not be denied or abridged by the United States or by any State on account of age. • Section 2: The Congress shall have the power to enforce this article by appropriate legislation. Amendment 28: Citizens who weren't born in the United States are allowed to run for the office of president
Prior to campaigning, the candidate needs to have spent 15 years as a citizen of the United States.
All other criteria for becoming a president will remain:
You must be 35 years old
A president can only be in office for two terms • Oregon and Texas challenged President Nixon’s 1970 extension in court • In Oregon v. Mitchell, 400 U.S. 112 (1970), the Supreme Court declared unconstitutional the parts of the law that required states to register 18-year-olds for state and local elections • This ruling meant that the law could only apply to federal elections, which meant states would have to have separate voting rolls for voters between 18 and 20 years old and special ballots for them to vote on federal races •https://www.shapethefuture.org/features/youthvote.asp •http://www.futuremajority.com/node/13469 •http://www.laapush.org/supremecourt45.htm
As a result of the 26th Amendment, youth has been playing an increasingly more significant role and is better represented
Statistics:
Ages 18-29 represented 19% of all who voted in the last election (Obama vs. Romney)
Apparent lack of enthusiasm among college students- polling shows that fewer students than ever registered or even planned to vote
1% increase in youth voter turn-out since 2008
In the 2008 election, Obama had 66% of youth vote over John McCain, who had 31% of youth vote
In the 2012 election, Obama had 60% of youth vote over Romney, who had 36% of the vote. This shows a 5% increase of youth vote for more conservative ideologies
In 2004, Kerry won youth vote by 9%
Youth made up 17% of the overall voter turnout in 2004 when Kerry was defeated by Bush Amendment in the News Question: Would you support an amendment that allows citizens who are not born the United States to become President, as long as they fill the other criteria and have been United States citizens for at least 15 years Results: 50/50%. Out of 20, 10 people supported our proposed amendment and 10 people disagreed. Description of who responded: The sampling crowd was mixed, with nearly an equal number of boys and girls. Those who said yes seemed to contemplate their answer more than those who said no. Amendment Multimedia: The Certification Ceremony -Richard Nixon, president of the United States in 1969-1974, signed the 26th amendment on July 5, 1971

- The 26th amendment was ratified 4 months after the congress submitted it. No amendment has never been adopted so quickly.

-This video of the certification of the 26th amendment shows the strong engagement in politic of the young voters. http://www.policymic.com/articles/12948/obama-youth-vote-2012-surprising-poll-finds-40-percent-of-young-people-flock-to-romney
http://www.cbsnews.com/8301-250_162-57511312/study-voter-id-law-would-exclude-up-to-700000-young-minorities/ -During the two last elections, Democrats attracted more than 60% of youth vote. -The United States is still sending young adults under the age of 21 to war in 2012. -These young soldiers still deserves to chose who send them to war. -Again in 2012, youth voters contributed in the election of Barack Obama. -Youth is a politically significant population -Future generation should be involved in today's political decisions, because they will have to contribute to reimburse today's debts. http://www.timesunion.com/opinion/article/Commentary-Young-voters-have-so-much-to-gain-in-4007948.php
http://www.huffingtonpost.com/2012/11/05/college-student-voter-id-youth-vote-2012_n_2074241.html By Sam Davis, Alex O'Donnell, Josephine Robert -42% of young americans do not know that photo identification is required to vote.
-Not all youth voters have a government-issued photo identification. Recent findings showed that a shocking percentage of voters don't have either an University ID card, driver's license or non driver identification card for voting.
20% of young voters did not have a current state-issued driver's license.
-Studies found that 700,000 young minority voters weren't able to vote in 2012 because of photo ID laws.
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