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Transcript of Irony
Situational Irony in Television
Verbal irony is saying the opposite of what one means.
More Examples of Dramatic Irony
You made it! :D
Three Types of Irony
Situational Irony in a Song
My dog's stomach was very upset,
So I put him in the car and we went to the vet.
And on our way to the vet,
I killed a cat.
Isn't that ironic?
A water-park burned to the ground,
And a tow-truck has broken down,
I dated an animal right activist,
and one day she got really [angry],
Because I was eating veal,
That was wrapped in pita (PETA) bread.
If everyday you play the board-game Risk,
You probably have never taken a risk in your life.
Verbal Irony is often found within satire and sarcasm
Irony is a device of these, but is neutral in context
Examples in Poetry
Dramatic Irony is DIFFERENT in poetry than it is in other literature
Dramatic Irony in Literature
Sarcasm is bitter or cutting speech, intended to wound the feelings
Satire usually applies to written literature rather that speech, and it ordinarily implies a higher meaning:
Irony of situation occurs when a discrepancy exists between what one anticipates and what actually comes to pass
In other words, situational irony is when the opposite of what you expect to happen happens. Authors and poets often use this to evoke a humorous response, but they also intend for readers to ponder upon their exceptions and actions in certain circumstances.
Verbal irony is often used for comedic effect, but it can also be used to be hurtful and offensive. For this reason, when verbal irony comes up in text, the reader must often look closely for tone and mood to understand the author's intention and meaning.
it is ridicule of human folly or vice
for bringing about reform or keeping others from falling into the same vice or folly
It is not discrepancy between what the speaker says and what the speaker means, but discrepancy between what the speaker says and what the poem means. The speaker's words may be perfectly straightforward, but the author, by putting these words in a particular speaker's mouth, may be indicating to the reader ideas or attitudes quite opposed to those the speaker is voicing.
This can be quite difficult to detect because it will require the reader to examine the author's purpose in writing the work. Who says the words is just as important as what is said, as the reader must examine the speakers intent and contrast that with the author's purpose.
The final scene of Romeo and Juliet
Romeo arrives at Juliet's tomb and thinks that she is dead
Romeo kills himself out of grief
Juliet wakes and kills herself
When my mother died i was very young,
And my father sold me while yet my tongue
Could scarcely cry "'weep! 'weep! 'weep! 'weep!"
So your chimneys I sweep, and in soot I sleep.
There's little Tom Dacre, who cried when his head,
That curled like a lamb's back, was shaved; so I said,
"Hush, Tom! never mind it, for, when your head's gone bare,
You know that the soot cannot spoil your white hair
And so he was quiet, and that very night,
As Tom was asleeping, he had such a sight!
That thousands of sweepers, Dick, Joe, Ned, and Jack,
Were all of them locked up in coffins of black.
And by came an Angel who had a bright key,
And he opened the coffins and set them all free;
then down a green plain leaping, laughing, they run
And wash in a river, and shine in the sun.
Then naked and white, all their bags left behind,
They rise upon clouds and sport in the wind;
And the Angel told Tom, if he'd be a good boy,
He'd have God for his father, and never want joy.
And so tom awoke, and we rose in the dark,
And got with our bags and our brushes to work.
Though the morning was cold, Tom was happy and warm;
So if all do their duty they need not fear harm
The Chimney Sweeper, William blake, p626
'The Gift of the Magi'.
The first example is the use of the word "duty." Chimney sweepers range anywhere from ages four to seven; the only duties a child of this age should have is to go to school and play with friends, not work as child laborers. Ironically, the sweeps' masters told them it was their duty to clean the chimneys, and if they did not they would not go to Heaven. Tom's dream also was ironical as everything was joyous and they were free to leap and frolic yet he still woke up to the world of oppression. He went to work feeling "happy and warm" when it was a job that essentially would kill him. This statement, "So if all do their duty, they need not fear harm," further contradicts reality as by doing their duties, they in fact did cause harm to their bodies. Most chimney sweeps died at age fifteen due to lung disease, cancer, or tuberculosis and their bodies became deformed from the average nine inch in diameter chimneys they ascended. Many viewed them as subhuman due to their unwashed bodies, and twisted kneecaps (An Analysis). It is apparent that there is great polarity between what the child says in the poem, and what Blake is actually implying.
You will be able to identify 3 types of irony, and determine the connotative meaning.