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Philippine Literature- American Regime
Transcript of Philippine Literature- American Regime
The Fil.-American war caused the fall of Gen. Miguel Malvar in 1903. Peace movements started during the early 1900s and many contributed to literature providing a message of nationalism and independence. Claro M. Recto Filipino Tagalog language writer and former senator of the Philippines.
Born: September 25, 1879 at Pasig, Rizal as Lope Santos y Canseco to Ladislao Santos, a native of Pasig and Victorina Canseco, a native of San Mateo on September 25, 1879
Died: May 1, 1963 (liver operations due to complication)
Education: Escuela Normal Superior de Maestros (Higher Normal School for Teachers) for education and later finished at Colegio Filipino. Pursued law at the Academia de la Jurisprudencia then at Escuela Derecho de Manila(now Manila Law College Foundation) where he received Bachelor of Arts degree in 1912.
>In late 1900, Santos started writing his own newspaper Ang Kaliwanagan Lope K. Santos http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Claro_M._Recto
http://tl.answers.com/Q/Ang_talambuhay_ni_jose_corazon_de_jesus Yuuri Alcala Jeminique AngWardell Chua Janina InocentesKimberly Lim Lienelyn Quizada Bruce Reyes Philippine nationalist leader and president of the 1934 constitutional convention. He was one of the most vocal advocates of Philippine political and social autonomy.
Born: Feb. 8, 1890 at Tiaong, Tayabas
education: bachelor of arts (Ateneo de Manila)
master of laws (University of Santo Tomas)
>legal adviser to the Philippine Senate (1916- 1919)
>Third district representative of Batangas and House
minority floor leader (1919)
>Relected (1922-1925) >Initial fame was as a poet while a student at UST
> He collected his poems in a book entitled "Bajo Los Cocoteros/ Under The Coconut Trees"
> Staff writer of El Ideal and La Vanguardia, wrote a daily column "Primeras Cuartillas/First Sheets"
> he autored a play staged in Manila called "La ruta de Damasco/The Route to Damascus"(1918) and "Solo entre las sombras/Alone among the shadows" (1917)
>His "Monroismo asiatico/Asiatic Monroism" article was published, validating his repute as a political satirist. > Goméz's labor group Union Obrera Democratica Filipina (Philippine Democratic Labor Union) was absorbed by Santos.Renamed as Union del Trabajo de Filipinas, but was later dissolved in 1907.
>In 1903, Santos started publishing fragments of his first novel, Banaag at Sikat /From Early Dawn to Full Light on his weekly labor magazine Muling Pagsilang/The Rebirth and was completed in 1906. Considered as the first socialist-oriented book in the Philippines
>Santos became expert in dupluhan, a form of poetical debate during that time.
> Also founded Sampaguita, weekly lifestyle magazine.
>In early 1910s, he started his campaign on promoting a '"national language for the Philippines", where he organized various symposia, lectures and headed numerous departments for national language in leading Philippine universities.
>In 1910, he was elected as governor of the province of Rizal under the Nacionalista Party.
> In 1918, he was appointed as the first Filipino governor of the newly-resurveyed Nueva Vizcaya until 1920. >He was elected to the 5th Philippine Legislature as senator of the twelfth senatorial district representing provinces having a majority of non-Christian population.
>He was the primary author of Philippine Legislature Act No. 2946 which enacted November 30 every year as Bonifacio Day, honoring Andrés Bonifacio.
>In 1940, Santos published the first grammar book of the Filipino language, Balarila ng Wikang Pambansa/Grammar of the National Language.
>Appointed by PresidentManuel L. Quezon as director of SWF until 1946, selected to translate the 1935 Constitution for UNESCO, and appointed to assist for the translation of inaugural addresses of presidentsJose P. Laurel and Manuel A. Roxas. Also known by his pen name “Huseng Batute”,
Born: November 22, 1896 in Santa Cruz, Manila
Died: May 26, 1932
Education: completed his education at the defunct “Liceo de Manila”, graduated in 1916. In 1920, he received bachelor of laws degree from defunct “Academia de Leyes” but he never practiced his legal profession because he was already busy writing a column in verse for the Tagalog newspaper “Taliba” >Writer in the newspapers Taliba, Ang Mithi/The Goal, Ang Watawat/The Flag, Pagkakaisa /Unity, the weekly newspaper Ilang-ilang, and Liwayway.> Awarded works were the 1964 poem Tilamsik , the 1941 compilation entitled Damdamin/feelings or emotion. Damdamin won the first prize during the first poetry competition during the time of the Commonwealth of the Philippines in 1941.
>He wrote more than 26 novels. His works belonged in "The Golden Age of the Tagalog Novel". Among his well-known works was Prinsesa Urduja (Princess Urduja), a play that was presented in the Cultural Center of the Philippines. Filipino poet, journalist, and novelist. Known as Son of Iñigo Corcuera Regalado, the renowned Tagalog printer and journalist. Was one of the "powerful voices" in the newspapers and magazines during the first part of the 1900s.
Born: June 1, 1888 at Sampaloc, Manila
Died: July 24, 1974(lung cancer in Lourdes Hospital in Manila at the age of 86)
Education: Bachelor of Arts degree from the Liceo de Manila in 1907. He finished studying Law from the Academia dela Jurisprudencia on 1913. Iñigo Ed. Regalado José Corazón de Jesús >published some 4,000 poems in his Buhay Maynila column.
>wrote about 800 columns under the title Ang Lagot na Bagting (The Broken String).
> wrote about 300 short poems and prose works under several pseudonyms, such as Pusong Hapis, Paruparu, Pepito Matimtiman, Mahirap, Dahong Kusa, Paruparong Luksa, Amado Viterbi, Elias, Anastacio Salagubang and Water Lily.>Acclaimed winner of the showdown in balagtasan and was dubbed "Hari ng Balagtasan" (king of versified debate). He held the title until his death in 1932.
>works appeared on several magazines and newspapers, notably Ang Democracia, Taliba, Liwayway, El Debate and Sampagita.
>works appeared in various anthologies and textbooks from grade school to college. like Ang Manok Kong Bulik ("My White Rooster", 1911), Barong Tagalog (1921), Ang Pagbabalik ("Homecoming", 1924), Ang Pamana ("The Legacy", 1925)
and Isang Punongkahoy ("A Tree", 1932). >Christened José Cecilio de Jesús but he later dropped Cecilio and replaced it with the Spanish name Corazón (heart) because he said it best described his character.
> Taliba column was called Buhay Maynila/Manila Life. Written under the pseudonym Huseng Batute.This satirized society under the American colonizers and espoused independence for the Philippines which was then a commonwealth under the United States. Filipino novelist considered to be the Father of the Tagalog Novel, a distinction given to him for his Nena at Neneng, acclaimed as the first novel ever published in the vernacular in 1905. He was also the writer behind Kasaysayan ng Mag-inang Mahirap, Mga Tinik ng Bulaklak, Dangal ng Magulang and Hatol ng Panahon
Born: December 12, 1858 in San Jose, Bulacan
Education: enrolled in a public school and finished his elementary education
>In 1900 Hernandez joined the staff of Ang Kaluwagan which was in the same year replaced by Kapatid ng Bayan, founded by Pascual Poblete. Valeriano Hernandez Peña >Poems were Isang Dipang Langit (A Stretch of Heaven), Panata sa Kalayaan (Oath to Freedom), ng Dalaw (The Visit), Bartolina (Solitary Confinement), Kung Tuyo Na ang Luha Mo Aking Bayan (When Your Tears Dry Up, My Country) and Honorable Absente.
>His plays are mostly based on his experiences in prison. Muntinglupa, 1957, Hagdan sa Bahaghari (Stairway to the Rainbow), 1958, Ang Mga Kagalang-galang (The Venerables), 1959, and Magkabilang Mukha ng Isang Bagol (Two Sides of A Coin), 1960
>While still a teenager, he began writing in Tagalog for the newspaper Watawat (Flag). He would later write a column for the Tagalog publication Pagkakaisa (Unity) and become editor of Mabuhay (Long Live). >His writings gained the attention of Tagalog literati and some of his stories and poems were included in anthologies, such as Clodualdo del Mundo's Parolang Ginto and Alejandro Abadilla's Talaang Bughaw.
>In 1922, at the age of 19, Hernandez became a member of the literary society Aklatang Bayan which included noted Tagalog writers Lope K. Santos and Jose Corazon de Jesus.>In 1932, he married the Filipino actress Atang de la Rama. Both of them would later be recognized as National Artists: Hernandez for Literature, de la Rama for Theater, Dance and Music. >In the pages of the periodical appeared Hernandez’s novels, Unang Bulaklak (First Bloom), Pahimakas ng Isang Ina (A Mother’s Farewell), Miminsan Akong Umibig, Isang Dukha, and others.
>He also write notable short stories: Kamandag ng Pagasa, Isang Halik Lamang, Lihim ng Pagibig and Babaying Walang Turing.
>His major novels are : Si Rosa at si Valerio, Hatol ng Panahon (Verdict of Time), Sari-saring Kasaysayan in 1909 and Ang Kasawian ng Unang Pagibig in 1915. And also letter poems such as Ang Luha mg Panulat and Ang Banal na Naurong.
>Assist Marcelo H. del Pilar through his novels such as Pagluha ng Matuwid and Bunga ng Maling Pag-iimbot, in which he indirectly attacked the misdeeds of the friars. He had been a member of the “Katubusan,” “Balintawak,” and “Aklatang Bayan.”