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NP8 - <iv>

Na'vi Prezis are a new set of prezis that will introduce you to the language and help you learn it in an easy way. Made by Le'eylan (leeylan@hotmail.com) www.forum.learnnavi.org

Le'eylan forum.learnnavi.org

on 19 March 2011

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Transcript of NP8 - <iv>

<iv> This prezi will mainly be about the infix <iv>, how and when you use it.
That will also lead us to another
usage of the suffix -ur/-ru. What so special about <iv>? Some verbs, called modals, are used in front of other verbs.
For example "want" in the sentence "I want to eat teylu".
These modal verbs have to be used with <iv>.
The infix is put in the first position of the second verb, and in this sentence, that would be "eat". The modal verbs that require <iv> are:

There are also two other words that aren't verbs: tsun, new, fmi, zene, zenke, kan, var, ftang

fte, fteke Tsun Jake ke tsun kllkxivem. Jake ke tsun kllkx<iv>em. Fìtseng Jake tsun kllkxivem. Fì-tseng Jake tsun kllkx<iv>em. As you see, the <iv> infix goes into the first infix position of the verb coming after the modal verb. New Po new kivame. Po ke new kivame. Po new k<iv>ame. Po ke new k<iv>ame. Fmi Poan fmi pivlltxe nìNa'vi. Po-an fmi p<iv>lltxe nì-Na'vi. Po ke tsun. Po ke tsun. Zene "New" can also be used as "Oel new teyluti." Fte & fteke Fte - in order to
Fteke - in order not to You will have examples of these words further on in the prezi. Let's use the word "fteke" in this example. Fteke 'ivefu ohakx, nga zene yivom. Fteke '<iv>efu ohakx, nga zene y<iv>om. - Nga zene yivom teyluti!
- Pelun?
- Fteke 'ivefu ohakx. Zenke Zenke is zene+ke. So instead of writing "ke zene", you write "zenke". Nga zenke nivìn peyä menarit! Nga zenke n<iv>ìn pe-yä me-nari-t! Nga zenke tswivayon oeyä ikranit. Nga zenke tsw<iv>ayon oe-yä ikran-it Now you might be wondering why
the two "nga" doesn't say "ngal".
This will be explained further on in the prezi. Neytiri-l t<eyk>aron po-r yerik-it. Pol (Jake) lrrtok
seyki Neytirit. Wou nìngay!
Fìpuk txantsan leiu! Having several infixes If you want to use more infixes in an sentence with a modal, those goes into the modal verb. Oe namew yivom yerikit.

Nga tsayeiun tswivayon ikranhu. Oe n<am>ew y<iv>om yerik-it. Nga ts<ay><ei>un tsw<iv>ayon ikran-hu. Combinations: <iv>+<er>
<iv>+<am>/<ìm> =
= <irv>
<imv> <iv> <iv> can also be used as "may" or "let", even when there's no modal. For example: Livu Eywa ngahu.

Yivom oe, talun oe 'efu ohakx.

Tswivayon oe, talun oe new tswivayon.

Y<iv>om oe, talun oe 'efu ohakx. L<iv>u Eywa nga-hu. Tsw<iv>ayon oe, talun oe new tsw<iv>ayon. Kan Neytiri kolan tspivang pot, slä atokirina' zola'u. Neytiri k<ol>an tsp<iv>ang po-t, slä atokirina' z<ol>a'u. Jake kolan tivem, slä Grace poltxe san rä'ä sìk. Jake k<ol>an t<iv>em, slä Grace poltxe san rä'ä sìk. Rä'ä tem! Not using -l/-ìl When using two verbs, a modal and another, you don't use -l/-ìl. Let me show you.

Oe new kivame ngati.

Oe tsun tivaron yerikit.

Ayyerik ke tsun tsive'a ngati. Ftang Var Neytiri ftolang rivol tsakrr toruk zola'u. Fo ftìmang skiva'a talun Jake zolawng. (ay)fo ft<ìm>ang sk<iv>a'a talun Jake z<ol>awng. Neytiri ft<ol>ang r<iv>ol tsa-krr toruk z<ol>a'u. rerol ftolang rivol Norm zarmawng por, slä po volar tivul. Norm z<arm>awng po-r, slä po v<ol>ar t<iv>ul. Changing the verb There are two infixes that changes the verb in a different way than what we've encountered. These are <äp> and <eyk>. They change the transitivity of the verb. That is: a transitive verb becomes intransitive and the other way around. They are pre-first position infixes. <äp> Palulukan tsäpe'a. Palulukan täparon. Nantang täparon. <eyk> This infix reflects the verb back to the subject, the one that is performing the action. This infix is so called "causative", used when you cause someone to do something.
To the right we've got the new, intransitive verb "sti" and how it works when it becomes transitive. transitive intransitive Tsu'tey
sti. Po zenke steykivi 'angtsìkit! Po zenke st<eyk><iv>i 'angtsik-it. Here we have the modal zenke, therefore we have to use <iv> as well. Because of the zenke we don't use the -l/-ìl on po. 'angtsìk Neytiri teykaron por. Also works like this: Neytiril teykaron por yerikit. Neytiri t<eyk>aron po-r. Nantang t<äp>aron. Palulukan ts<äp>e'a. Palulukan t<äp>aron. What you know Vocabulary the modal vebs and fte, fteke
when to use <iv>
<iv>, <irv>, <ilv>, <ìyev>, <imv>, <äp>, <eyk>

tsun, new, fmi, zene, zenke, var ftang
fte, fteke, tsnì
kelku, kelku si, sti, 'angtsìk Made by Le'eylan (leeylan@hotmail.com) Pictures from the movie are from avatar-italia.net forum.learnnavi.org for more lessons (fteke is fte+ke) san...sìk is used when you're
quoting someone. Example: Neytiri polawm san Kempe si nga? sìk Tsu'teyur. Taron is transitive, but becomes intransitive when used with <äp>. -ur/-ru When you use verbs constructed from a noun,
for example "lrrtok si" and "kelku si",
you need to know that they can't be used with -l and -ti. Verbs that can't be used with -l and -ti are called intransitive verbs, and the ones that can are called transitive.

Then how do you say "I live in hometree" if you can't use -l and -ti?
You can use "mì", or -ur/-ru. Oe kelku si kelutralur.
Oe kelku si mì helutral. Kelku Kehe! Fo ftolang skiva'a, slä ye'rin fo vìyar skiva'a nìmun. (ay)Fo ft<ol>ang sk<iv>a'a, slä ye'rin (ay)fo v<ìy>ar sk<iv>a'a nìmun. vivar ftolang
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