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Sentence Fragments

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by

Mr. Mecham

on 12 June 2015

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Transcript of Sentence Fragments

Let's look at this sentence:
1) Birds fly.
2) Murray takes the train to school.
3) Jason and I
4) While my mom was shopping
Your turn! Are these complete thoughts or sentence fragments?
Identify the 6 sentence fragments in this activity:
Answers:
Fixing Sentence Fragments:
Is there anything wrong with these sentences?
2) Add a subject, verb, or both to make the sentence complete. (If needed, add any other words as well.

After I had gotten up.
I ate my breakfast. While I was eating breakfast, I heard a squeaking sound at my door. It was a little puppy that was crying. I gasped.
It was. Really cute
. The vet told me he was fine.
Because I had given him what he needed. Milk and a warm blanket.
He still needed a home. I asked all my friends to take him, but they couldn't keep him.
When we got home.
My mom decided I could keep him. Now, he is my pet and friend.


After I had gotten up. I ate my breakfast. While I was eating breakfast, I heard a squeaking sound at my door. It was a little puppy that was crying. I gasped. It was. Really cute. The vet told me he was fine. Because I had given him what he needed. Milk and a warm blanket. He still needed a home. I asked all my friends to take him, but they couldn't keep him. When we got home. My mom decided I could keep him. Now, he is my pet and friend.







He cried.
Since I came to New York

Eating a cheeseburger

He went to

The chirping parakeet
Look at these sentences. Ask yourself: Are they complete sentences??

I slept.
Jim flew on the plane.
It moved.
The examples you saw in the previous slides end too quickly. They are called sentence fragments. They are not complete thoughts or sentences.
I want.
Let's look at another example:
1) Attach the sentence fragment to another sentence:
Fixing Sentence Fragments:
Sentence Fragments
Yes! They are not complete sentences. They end too quickly and do not provide enough information.
Since I came to New York
(This leaves the reader wondering: Since he came, what has he been doing?)

Eating a cheeseburger
(This leaves the reader wondering: Who or what is eating a cheeseburger?)

He went to
(This leaves the reader wondering: Where or what did he go to?)

The chirping parakeet
(This leaves the reader wondering: What about this chirping parakeet?)
I slept.
Jim flew on the plane.
It died.
Yes, they are complete sentences.

Although they are very short, they are complete ideas!
The point is that sentence fragments can be
long or short. The length does not matter.

A good complete sentence has 3 components:
1) a subject-
tells us what the sentence is about. Often times it is a person, place or thing doing an action
2) verb
- tells us something about the subject. It may tell us what the subject is doing.
3) complete idea-
the reader isn't left waiting for
another word.
Subject-He

Verb-cried

Is it a complete idea? Yes!

Therefore, it is a complete sentence.


1) Birds fly.
Complete sentence
(Subject: birds Verb: fly Complete idea: Yes!)
2) Murray takes the train to school.
Complete sentence
(Subject: Murray verb: takes Complete idea: Yes!)
3) Jason and I.
Sentence Fragment
(Subject: Jason and I Verb: No Complete idea: No)
4) While my mom shopped.
Sentence Fragment
(Subject: mom Verb: shopped Complete Idea: No-we are left wondering what happens while she shopped.)
Your turn! Are these complete ideas or sentence fragments?
After seeing the doctor.
I could add in another complete thought like this:
After seeing the doctor, I felt much better.
or
I felt much better after seeing the doctor.
under the bed
I (subject) found (verb) my socks (other words) under the bed.
The barking puppies
The barking puppies climbed (verb)out of the box (other words).
3) Take away the word or phrase that
makes it a sentence Fragment:
While Fred was in Paris
Fixing Sentence Fragments:
Fred was in Paris.
Much of the information was taken from:
http://www.myenglishteacher.net/sentencefragments.html

It was reorganized into this presentation for
educational purposes only.
Final Example:
After he went to soccer practice.
Subject: he
Verb: went

Subject=I
Verb=want

Complete idea=No! Some verbs need more information in order for it to be considered a complete thought.

In this example, we would need more information to understand what you want.
Complete idea: No.
Sometimes, there are words (usually conjunctions) that are put in front that make it incomplete. We are left wondering: What happens after he went to practice?
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