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Royal Tombs of Ur Prezi
Transcript of Royal Tombs of Ur Prezi
1922 1923 0 + - = 9 8 7 1 2 3 4 5 6 c Who discovered the site? Charles Leonard Woolley was born in London in 1880. At college he decided that he wanted to become an archaeologist. Archaeologists learn by taking part in excavations. In 1908 Woolley left his job at a museum and joined an excavation in Nubia. Woolley was trained by some of the best archaeologists working in Egypt, Syria and Iraq. Eventually he was appointed as the director of several digs. The most famous was at the site of Carchemish. How was the site discovered? In September 1922, C. Leonard Woolley was travelling Basrah in southern Iraq to lead the excavations at the ancient site of Ur.
Woolley arrived at Ur on November 2, 1922.
By 1923 he had decided which places to excavate and dug the first two trenches near the ruined ziggurat. Woolley's men dug two large trenches. But in trench A they needed to wait until everyone was more experienced at digging burials before continuing.
However, before they became experienced enough they excavated trench B where they had discovered a temple called E-nun-mah, they explored a site not far from Ur called Tell al-Ubaid, they uncovered buildings called 'E-dub-lal-mah' and 'E-gi-par' , they also excavated another temple building called E-hur-sag.
At last they were experienced enough.
They dug two new trenches near trench A. In one trench they began to find burials. Alongside the bodies were stone and clay pots, combs, weapons and some jewellery.
In autumn 1927 Woolley's team continued excavating the burial ground. Two months later, another three hundred graves were revealed but four were very different from the rest.
These were not just pits but tombs, often with several rooms. There were many bodies buried in them surrounded by spectacular objects. Woolley called these the 'Royal tombs' and that was how the site was discovered. This image represents the stairway you had to take to get a closer look at the excavations of the royal tomb of Ur. The edges are narrow and the stairs were steep so if you trip or slip off the edges, you would probably suffer from a major injury. The edges and stairs are also old and the structure of it would be unstable. It seems to be made out of rock and is probably as old as the royal tombs. The archaeologists and other professionals involved I searched through various sites but all I could find was that C. Leonard Woolley, the lead archaeologists, a archaeologist called Max Mallowan and his wife, Agatha Christie (detective novelist) who wrote a book based on her experiences were involved with excavating the royal tombs of Ur with some other archaeologists and local citizens. I do know that teams of American Archeologists, Italian archeologists with their local iraqi counterparts have excavated in Ur before and some other archaeologists called J.E. Taylor, Elizabeth Stone, H.C. Rawlinson, Reginald Campbell Thompson and Paul Zimansky. Evaluation of the significance of the discovery The Royal Tombs of Ur The techniques/technology
employed there Leonard Woolley on his way to Bashrah to lead the excavation at the ancient site of Ur Leonard Wooley
arrives at Ur and is
pleased to see his foreman Hamoudi Woolley explored the local landscape. By then he had decided which places to excavate and dug the first trenches near the ruined ziggurat. They stopped work and Woolley headed home. He spent the next few months writing up his notes from the third season. Spring
1925 This image represents the many archaeologists who joined Charles Leonard Woolley to excavate the remains of the Royal tombs of Ur. As you can see, the archaeologists were poorly dressed but they had a sufficient amount of equipment. You can also see that they have uncovered a noticeable area of the royal tombs. By now, he and his team had discovered so many objects that much of their time was spent on recording. This continued when the season ended in March 1926. By the end of the season, Woolley's team had found over six hundred burials. In mid-February, digging stopped and Woolley returned to England to study the exciting finds. Woolley finished his work at Ur and altogether
Woolley excavated about 1850 burials of which 17 were 'Royal Tombs'. Most of them dated to about 2600 B.C. 1934 March
1927 The tools they used were simple compared to what we use today. They just used local pick axes, shovels, barrows and hand trowels. The methods of excavation were pretty rudimentary compared to the high-tech scientific methods we use today. Charles Leonard Woolley's method was based pretty much on simple stratigraphy, observation and inference. The significance of discovering the Royal Tombs of Ur is because it was the first time that so many objects have been found in Mesopotamia, it became a tourist attraction, it gives us a deeper understanding of ancient Sumerian art and civilization,it changed the public view of Mesopotamian archaeology and culture. Evidence for this is when it states this sentence in a website, ""Iraqi officials and archaeological experts have welcomed the return of international archaeologists to Iraq after an absence of nearly 20 years, saying their return would bolster the discovery and protection of ancient sites and help rejuvenate tourism" The Great Lyre: Found in the King's Grave. The head, face and horns are gold foil wrapped over a wooden form. The hair and beard are lapis lazuli, as are the eyes, inlaid into shell. The front panel is shell inlaid in bitumen. This image has been photographically enhanced to improve the color quality and to give an idea of how the lyre looked when it was new Spouted silver pitcher. It was found on the floor of the pit in Queen Pu-abi's grave, near the remains of a large chest that contained fifteen fluted silver tumblers nested into each other in groups of five. It may have been used for serving wine at banquets. It's height is 19.5 cm (7.66 inches) and it's diameter is 12.7 cm (4.92 inches). THE END Gold and lapis lazuli necklace. The Sumerians, more than any other people in the world, loved lapis lazuli. For them, it represented fabulous wealth, literally and as well as figuratively. It is not indigneous to Sumer, and was mined in faraway Afghanistan. Because it had to be imported over vast distances, it was very expensive. Royal spears, with bands of silver and gold. They were found beside the soldiers in the King's Grave. Although the spears are ceremonial, they are the same kind of spears that were used in combat, with notches on the ends for use with an atlati, a lever that allows the spear to be thrown with much greater force. Detailed Map of the Site http://www.mesopotamia.co.uk/tombs/explore/images/tombplan.gif