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South Asia Landforms & Climate
Transcript of South Asia Landforms & Climate
95 mountain peaks are higher than 24,600 ft. Mount Everest, the world's highest mountain, is almost 5.5 miles high, as is still getting taller!
The highest mountains are found in the north and they are snow-covered all year long. To the south, they become foothills leading to the Ganges Plain. 3 Major Rivers The Ganges in India-one of the world's largest; it starts in the Himalayas.
The Indus in Pakistan-also starts in the Himalayas, but travels the other direction. It is over 1,900 miles long.
The Brahmaputra in Bangladesh-also starts in the Himalayas and joins with the Ganges right before they dump into the Bay of Bengal.
These rivers are important to South Asia, but flooding is a huge problem, especially during monsoon season, and still causes massive damage every year. It's a subcontinent. Also known as a major portion of a continent, the subcontinent of South Asia, where India is located, used to be a huge island.
Tectonic plate movement caused the Asia plate to crash into the Indian plate and the Himalayan Mountains were created. The Ganges Plain The Ganges Plain is sandwiched between the Himalayas in the north and the Deccan Plateau to the South.
The majority of the people who live in South Asia live on the Ganges Plain, many along the Ganges River. The Deccan Plateau The Deccan Plateau covers most of central and south India. It averages 1,968 ft in height.
It offers fertile soil for farming and mineral sources like oil, gold, and iron ore. Monsoons . . . . . . are prevailing winds (not rain).
Every year these winds shift from April to October to blow from the Indian Ocean, bringing heavy rains with it.
These rains are good and bad; bad because they cause massive flooding, and good because they bring about 90% of India's fresh water. March 2013 South Asia Landforms & Climate