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BHCS Under Milk Wood

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Tom Allen

on 12 March 2014

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Transcript of BHCS Under Milk Wood

Understanding Written Texts
Use good connectives to link paragraphs and present the line of your argument: furthermore, in addition, finally…

Your conclusion should be brief and to the point, summing up what you have said and proving that you have answered the question.
Mr and Mrs Pugh are one of the unhappily married couples in Dylan Thomas’ play, ‘Under Milk Wood’. They seem to be constantly bickering at each other. Worse, Mrs Pugh seems to take great pleasure in plotting the downfall of his wife by poisoning. She nags him constantly.
Dissonance
An approximate rhyme where the consonants match but not the vowels: goat-gate

Assonance
Repetition of vowel sounds to create internal rhyme: sloeblack, slow, black, crowblack
Language features
Usually a play would provide this at the start:
Make your own list in pairs or small groups
Decide on the most important characters, underline them and write a brief description of them.

First Voice: Narrates, comments on action
First Drowned: Captain Cat has known him in the past
Second Drowned:
Dramatis Personae
Re-read the first introduction of Mrs Ogmore-Pritchard and the ghost of her two dead husbands to remind you of the suffering these two men seem to have endured.
Write a letter from one of the husbands to a marriage problem page.
Mrs Ogmore-Pritchard
I know this might sound like nothing…
but I’m really depressed because…
I don’t get to meet many people my age…
Because of this I feel very isolated and lonely…
How can I make her see how much it would help me?
What kind of text?
4. What points is Dylan Thomas making about marriage through this couple?
Mr and Mrs Pugh
2. What tone does Mrs Pugh use in talking to her husband?
Mr and Mrs Pugh
In Under Milk Wood, Captain Cat jokes with drowned sailors and Mrs. Ogmore-Pritchard monitors her two dead husbands in the morning and at night by demanding, "Tell me your tasks in order“. As a society, we often evaluate others according to personal strict moral codes which we may not even follow. Perhaps that is why the Voice of a Guide-Book tells us to be contemplative tourists and to find Llaregubb Hill’s "several curious customs" as "some of that picturesque sense of the past" so that we will not judge them according to the rules of "towns and villages which have kept more abreast of the times".
Waking the Dead…
Captain Cat also still lusts after a dead lover named Rosie Probert, a prostitute. While dreaming during a nap, he imagines talking to her and implores, "Lie down, lie easy. Let me shipwreck in your thighs" (52). Enjoying the memories of former sexual experiences with those now dead shocks members of today’s society.
More on death…
The relationship between Polly Garter and Mr. Waldo may attack our sense of right and wrong because Mr. Waldo seeks out sex with Polly even though he is a married man. All of Polly’s babies and her own singing that lists the names of her lovers unabashedly prove that her encounter with Mr. Waldo is not even an isolated sexual incident. We are not accustomed to discussing death and eternity in such a carefree manner. As Polly’s song also shows, none of these men whom she enjoyed being with can compare to the deceased Willy Wee.
The Big Issues: Sex and death.
You now have 10 minutes to plan and only 15 minutes to answer the question:
How is marriage presented in Under Milk Wood?

This is a practice for what could be an exam question (you'd have 45 minutes for that).
Remember to embed quotations
Use the best vocabulary you can
Get down as many of your ideas as possible.
Your task…
Do you hope to get married one day?
What does marriage mean to you?
Why do people marry in church?
If 1 in 3 marriages end in divorce, is marriage still a meaningful idea in 2013?
Marriage
Choose three of the characters we have met so far. For each: select an action they perform and write one sentence about it to show what the action suggests about their character.
Do Now:
What is the tone of the guidebook? How does it differ from what you might expect from this genre of writing? Give some examples to support your answer.
What insights do you gain into the town and its inhabitants?
What is positive about the description?
How does the final line link with what you already know of Milk Wood?
What do you notice about sentence structure?
Voice of a Guidebook Analysis
Synonyms are words that are similar in meaning. For example: sad, unhappy, blue, miserable, depressed, dejected, joyless. You can find synonyms in a thesaurus.
How many synonyms can you find for the following adjectives?
Happy
Large
Small
Dylan Thomas is fond of using synonyms to build up his descriptions in Under Milk Wood. How many for ‘dark’ can you find in the opening paragraph of the play?
SYNONYMS
Complete word cloud
Complete staging sketch or description
Tasks
What themes have been introduced so far?
Create a word cloud to show which seem to be the most important.
Finally…
Read the first sequence of dialogue. As you are reading think about what kind of a man this is.
Write down your initial thoughts and refer to evidence from the text.
Captain Cat
Explore the character of Captain Cat and consider his dramatic function.
Consider staging possibilities for the opening.
Engage with the themes that have been introduced in the early stages of the play. 
Lesson objectives:
Write your own verbal rhyme.
Now your turn…
Consider the sounds that you would hear in a place of your choice at a time of your choice. Make a list.
Follow the instructions on the sheet provided (also on the VLE).
You could split your narrative between a number of voices if you wish.
Rehearse the opening with a partner. Perhaps you can combine ideas to make an even better version.
You could hand this in typed (NOT hand-written) or, if you want to be brave, you could record yourself reading your morning soundscape. You can do this at home and email to me as a WMV file.
Deadline is three weeks on Thursday - 24th Jan.
Now your turn…
1. What is the effect of the image of the night as ‘starless and bible-black’?
2. What do you think is meant by the ‘shops in mourning’?
3. How would you describe the style of writing? Give as much detail as you can.
4. Sketch an image of Milk Wood, labelling it with at least five quotations from this opening.
"It is Spring, moonless night in the small town, starless and bible-black, the cobblestreets silent and the hunched, wood limping invisible down to the sloeblack, slow, black, crowblack, fishingboat-bobbing sea. The houses are blind as moles (though moles see fine to-night in the snouting velvet dingles) or blind as Captain Cat there in the muffled middle by the pump and the town clock, the shops in mourning, the Welfare Hall in widows’ weeds. And all the people of the lulled and dumbfound town are sleeping now."

to

"You can hear the dew falling, and the hushed town breathing. Listen. It is night moving in the streets, the processional salt slow musical wind in Coronation Street and Cockle Row, it is the grass growing on Llaregub Hill, dewfall, starfall, the sleep of birds in Milk Wood."
The Haunted House by Hugo First
Keeping Secrets by June O’Watt
Winter Snacks by Sue Playdell
The Home Baker by Roland Butter
Punny Book Titles
ALWAYS write out a brief plan for your essay
Never put titles or subtitles in it
The opening paragraph should contain a bold statement which broadly answers the question. The rest of your essay will go on to ‘prove’ this statement. E.g. Dylan Thomas presents marriage as a restrictive institution. The married couples in the play display dysfunctional relationships. In contrast, Thomas celebrates passion and sexuality.
Writing a top grade literature essay
Is love and sexuality presented as an opposing force to death, celebrating the vitality of life?
I GET SO BORED reading ‘Marriage is presented in a variety of different ways…’
HOW is it presented? Make a bold statement:

Dylan Thomas betrays his contempt for the institution of marriage.

Thomas represents marriage as a curse. All the couples secretly or openly despise each other.
Ideas – Introduction
1. What is the play about?
What is Milk Wood like, as a place? How do you know?
What is unusual about the play’s narrative structure? How does this influence the way in which marriage is presented in the play?
What are traditional views of marriage? How does Dylan Thomas subvert them?
Ideas - Introduction
In your introduction show what you know about the play and answer the question in general terms about how marriage is presented.
Write at least a paragraph about each of the married couples. USE QUOTATIONS
Write a conclusion that draws all your ideas together to give as much information as possible about how Dylan Thomas is presenting marriage.
Explore the ways that marriage is presented in Under Milk Wood
Section 1 – p1-20 Night and dreams
Section 2 – p21-? Guidebook and morning
Section 3 -
Sections
What features of the story seem to be emphasised in the 1972 film trailer?
In what ways is Under Milk Wood an unconventional play?
What do you think it is actually about? What comments is Dylan Thomas making about the characters – and about life?
Looking Back
Mr and Mrs Cherry Owen
Mr and Mrs Pugh
Mrs Ogmore-Pritchard and her two dead husbands (Mr Pritchard and Mr Ogmore)
How does the narration by the ‘first voice’ add to the humour?
Mr and Mrs Pugh
What symbol could you use to represent their relationship?



Write some words around the outside to describe what their relationship is like.
Find some quotations to support the points that you have made.
Mr and Mrs Pugh
Writing about the play might seem difficult because of its non-narrative structure. Rather than telling a story it presents characters over a short period of time –through the night and over a full day. It is a snapshot of life in a rural village, and Dylan Thomas uses this structure to present ideas on some of the really big issues – things like love, marriage, sex, death and eternity.
Writing about Under Milk Wood
Polly Garter’s Song
What would Dylan Thomas say that marriage is?

Being nagged to death?
A daily battle?
A violent, drunken argument?
Wanting to poison your wife?
Marriage is…
Dylan Thomas focuses on many different couples in the play, and seems to be suggesting some negative ideas about marriage.
Let’s start with Mr and Mrs Cherry Owen. What is it that characterises their marriage? If you had to draw a symbol to represent the couple, what would it be?
Sketch this in the centre of your page, and use the space around to annotate your ideas about the couple.
Couples
Write down your own definition of a synonym
Collect as many synonyms as you can for:
Love
Marriage
Hate
Synonyms
Create your own map of Milk Wood. Include colour and some of the buildings and landmarks we have encountered so far.
Try to visualise the place, so that as we meet more of the characters you can picture them going about their business.
Llareggub Map
Part of the narration for Under Milk Wood comes from the VOICE OF A GUIDEBOOK:
“Less than five hundred souls inhabit the three quaint streets and the few narrow by-lanes and scattered farmsteads that constitute this small, decaying watering-place…The one place of worship, with its neglected graveyard, is of no architectural interest.”
LLAREGGUB MAP

PAINACT ACT
RM GEROOM
GRANO GARNOM
OPYLL RAGTER
RM GUPH
VER LIE SKINNJE
YIWLL LINLY
Unscramble the following to find characters in Under Milk Wood
The details that Mrs Pugh ‘nags the salt-cellar’ suggests that this woman is unhappy and her husband is berated constantly. The word ‘nag’ has negative connotations, it suggests she finds fault all the time and focuses on the negative. If she is even doing this to the salt-cellar, an inanimate object that can’t do anything wrong, what must her husband endure?
For example…
Characters and actions
As Llareggub slowly wakes up, its inhabitants can be identified by their behaviour. Match the character to their morning action by drawing a line between them.
Now choose three of the names from the left hand side and write one sentence about each to show what the action suggests about their character.
UNDER MILK WOOD
Characters and Actions
Betrayal
Death
Sin
Marriage
Rural life
Community
Pleasure
Word cloud
Sketch how you would like it to look on stage.
How and where will Captain Cat be positioned to set the scene?
What scenery, if any, will you include?
How will you communicate to the audience that the 'drowned' people are dead?
Now that you have begun to ‘see’ the first scene, what might you do with the ‘first voice’?
Captain Cat and the Mysterious Opening
Players take it in turns to say a verb beginning with the next letter of the alphabet to show what was done to the apple pie. If someone cannot think of a verb in time that person is out. You will probably need to cheat with X!
1st person: A asked for it
2nd person: B bought it
3rd person: C cooked it
A WAS AN APPLE PIE - THE GAME!
Begin by reading the instructions carefully for the creative writing task.
Record the homework in your planners to ensure it is done!
Homework

This is the most famous version read by Richard Burton in 1954
Follow in your copy. Using colour underline descriptions that are to do with sound and ones to do with visual description. You may find that you need to underline some as both.
Listen to a recording
LLAREGGUB
If this was a place name, how would you pronounce it?
Don’t call him ‘Dylan’ – he’s not your mate!
Remember to include good, opening BS.
Use the PEE or embed quotations (you remember, like the poetry essays) but remember the burger…
When you put the title ‘Under Milk Wood’, remember those inverted commas to indicate that it is a title.
Use the best words you can – you are marked on vocabulary choices as well as sentence structure
Gooda’s Gold
Look back at your list of key characters and consider all the names that might be useful in writing your essay. You are likely to focus on three or four couples in the main, but there may be other couples and individuals to whom you wish to make a passing reference, perhaps as a point of contrast.
Your essay is not far away…
What symbol could you use to represent her relationships with both husbands?




Write some words around the outside to describe what their relationship must have been like.
Find some quotations to support the points that you have made.
Mrs Ogmore-Pritchard
3. Will Mr Pugh ever carry out his ‘secret’ plans?
Mr and Mrs Pugh
Mrs Pugh: Persons with manners do not read at table
(pause)
Some persons were brought up in pigsties.
Mr Pugh: Pigs don’t read at table, dear.
Pigs can’t read, my dear.
Mrs Pugh: I know one who can.
Mr and Mrs Pugh
Skim back through the pages we have read so far and jot down any time these two characters appear.
What is the relationship between them?
Create a symbol to represent this couple, and annotate your quotations and ideas about them around it.
What is the significant difference between these two and some of the other married couples we have met in the play?
Mr Mog Edwards & Myfanwy Price
Seem happy
‘Sit down to last night’s supper’
She tolerates his drinking
Mr and Mrs Cherry Owen
Captain Cat the retired blind seacaptain is the first character to be introduced in Under Milk Wood.
Captain Cat
N nodded at it,
O opened it,
P peeped in it,
Q quartered it,
R ran for it,
S stole it,
T took it,
U upset it,
V viewed it,
W wanted it,
X, Y Z and ampersand (&)
All wished for a piece in hand.

Old rhyme, probably 17th C
A was an apple pie,
B bit it,
C cut it,
D dealt it,
E eat it,
F fought for it,
G got it,
H had it,
I inspected it,
J jumped for it,
K kept it,
L longed for it,
M mourned for it,
A WAS AN APPLE PIE
The point is the top pieces of the bun, the
quotation is the filling and the analysis of
your quotation, explaining its
relevance to your point is the bottom part of the bun. REMEMBER: The bottom part of the bun should always be thicker
than the top otherwise your bun is too weak, your burger falls apart and you end up with a gooey mess (i.e. no strong argument and a low grade!)
After this paragraph you should aim for at least 4-5 main points (these will, of course, be in your plan!) and they should be burger-shaped:

P
Q
A+E
Captain Cat dreams of dead sailors, including his one true love, Rosie Probert.
“Come on up, boys, I’m dead”
For each point at which they appear in the play make a mark on the timeline and explain what happens above.
Choose one quotation to represent that and write it below.
…and design a timeline of what happens to them over the 24 hours:
Pick another couple…
Problem
Finished informally
No address: informal with name
Feelings
Question needing response
Dear Nick,
I know this might sound like nothing compared to a lot of readers’ problems but I’m really depressed because I’m not allowed to have a dog. My family lives in the countryside and I don’t get to meet many people my age. Because of this I feel very isolated and lonely. With a dog I’d be able to get out and about more, but my mum doesn’t like them. How can I make her see how much it would help me?
(Tony, Lancashire)
What are your general impressions of the characters you have met so far? Think about the conversations you have ‘heard’, the kind of things that have been discussed, the sort of people you have ‘met’? Jot down your thoughts.
STARTER:
Recap your thoughts about character
Under Milk Wood
A Play for Voices by Dylan Thomas

EXPLORING LANGUAGE

Dylan Thomas wrote about his love of words “what mattered was the sound of them.”

Under Milk Wood is rich in its use of poetic techniques, especially sound effects, and language that appeals to the senses.
Techniques frequently used by Dylan Thomas are:
DISSONANCE – an approximate rhyme in which vowels disagree and consonants agree e.g. goat-gate

ASSONANCE – an approximate rhyme in which consonants disagree and vowels agree eg. rake-pain

ALLITERATION – repetition of the same consonant sounds e.g. “In the blind-drawn dark dining-room of School House, dusty and echoing as a dining room in a vault…”

ONOMATOPOEIA – words that imitate the sound of what they mean e.g. crash, zoom, hiss, chop

PERSONIFICATION – an inanimate object given human characteristics e.g. “The sunny slow lulling afternoon yawns…”

COMPOUND ADJECTIVES – e.g. sea-dark
Dylan Thomas also employed the extensive use of imagery, in particular:

SIMILES – when one thing is compared to another using the words as or like e.g. the sea is like a big, blue blanket or the sea is as grey as stainless steel

METAPHORS – when one thing is compared to another NB not using the words as or like e.g. the sea is an angry dog
Annotate your text identifying which of the techniques mentioned have been used in the opening speech of the play spoken by the First Voice.

From, "To begin at the beginning:" to, "From where you are, you can hear their dreams."

DISSONANCE, ASSONANCE , ALLITERATION, ONOMATOPOEIA, PERSONIFICATION, COMPOUND ADJECTIVES, SIMILES, METAPHORS
TASK
Although originally a play for voices, Under Milk Wood is now most often performed as a theatrical piece. How could you stage this opening?
What is the significance of his blindness?
FIRST VOICE: Alone until she dies, Bessie Bighead, hired help, born in the workhouse, smelling of the cowshed, snores bass and gruff on a couch of straw in a loft in Salt Lake Farm and picks a posy of daisies in Sunday Meadow to put on the grave of Gomer Owen who kissed her once by the pigsty when she wasn’t looking and never kissed her again although she was looking all the time.
MY REACTION: Ok. First, the way this s**t flows, it’s like TWISTA (rapper from Chicago) when he says, “get the philly split/and fill it wit/tha killa s**t/so i can really spit.” i mean, dylan thomas, with the syntax here, split the philly and started s**ttin on fools. check out the long o sounds! check out the long a sounds! then there’s the popping of the p’s the hiss of the s. i mean, f**k dude, i feel like i’m getting lit up by a serious jab jab cross uppercut combo. however, most important about this section is the last idea. "kissed her once when she wasn’t looking and never kissed her again even though she was looking all the time.” dude, for real, that s**t makes me heart get all jumpy like i’m watching GILMORE GIRLS and Lorelai won’t tell Luke how much she loves him. that s**t is romantic. it’s like it makes me want to kiss a girl when she’s not looking and then ignore her forever. kna’m'sayin?
SECOND VOICE: The reverend eli jenkins, in bethesda house, gropes out of bed into his preacher’s black, combs back his bard’s white hair, forgets to wash, pads barefoot downstairs, opens the front door, stands in the doorway and, looking out at the day and up the eternal hill, and hearing the sea break and the gab of birds, remembers his own verses and tells them softly to empty coronation street that is rising and raising its blinds.
MY REACTION: Again there is some pretty dope ass language here but what’s more important to me is the sadness. first, he gets up alone. when i get up in the morning alone, it’s like, i have to keep going, “just do whatever you have to do today so you can come back and go to sleep.” pretty f-in sad dude! i know! then he “forgets to wash.” yo, been there. my armpits right now smell like a pair of underwear in which the wet dreams of a million ogres was had. then, reverend eli jenkins stands in front of the town. it’s like, just him against the world. a la tupac. but then, he hears the sea (beautiful anyone?) and then the “gab of birds.” gabbing birds?” ok dude, i’m with you i guess. but wait, what’s more is, he remembers his own verses after hearing the birds. s**t yeah! so many times i feel like a lost human and then i see something happen in nature that reminds me of a lesson (yo Emerson anyone?).
SECOND VOICE: Down in the dusking town, Mae Rose Cottage, still lying in clover, listens to the nannygoats chew, draws circles of lipstick round her nipples.
MY REACTION: “dusking town.” ok man. fo sho. s’like, instead of saying, the town at dusk or some s**t, dylan thomas was like, “no, the town was dusking.” the town was undergoing a change. f**k yeah!
1. Rev. Eli Jenkins d) Finds a rhyme and dips his pen in his cocoa.
2. Mrs Cherry Owen f) Sits down to last night’s supper of onions boiled in their overcoats and broth.
3. Organ Morgan j) At his bedroom window playing chords on the sill.
4. Mrs Pugh i) Nags the salt cellar.
5. Mrs Willy Nilly a) Full of tea to her double-chinned brim broods and bubbles over her coven of kettles … always ready to steam open the mail.
6. Mrs Beynon h) Slips the gristly bits under her tassled tablecloth to her fat cat.
7. Captain Cat e) Blind and fine-fingered savours his sea-fry.
8. Lord Cut Glass b) Scampers from clock to clock, a bunch of clock keys in one hand, a fish head in the other.
9. Polly Garter g) Giving the breast in the garden to my bonny new baby.
10. Mr Pugh c) Remembers ground glass as he juggles his omelette.
1972 Trailer
Do Now
“Do I deliberately utilise devices of rhyme, rhythm, and word-formation in my writing - I must, of course, answer with an immediate, yes.
I am a painstaking, conscientious, involved and devious craftsman in words … I use everything to make my poems work and move in directions I want them to: old tricks, new tricks, puns, portmanteau-words, paradox, allusion, paronomasia [puns], slang, assonatal rhymes [assonance], vowel rhymes, sprung rhythm [attempts to match normal speech]. Every device there is in language is there to be used if you will.”
In an interview during Thomas’s American lecture tours Thomas states:
How does Thomas create an effective opening at the start of Under Milk Wood?
AQA Question:
The omniscient 3rd person narrator is a method of storytelling in which the narrator knows the thoughts and feelings of all of the characters in the play.
First Voice

The Reverend Eli Jenkins, the town’s minister, whose love for the fishing village of Milk Wood is expressed by his prayers and poetry as well as his life’s hobby, writing a book about every aspect of the town. His poems articulate what he loves in the little town—its humble beauties in the midst of the grandeur of Welsh landscapes that surround it. His prayers remind God that “We are not wholly bad or good/ Who live our lives under Milk Wood,” a theme the play seems to endorse.
The Reverend Eli Jenkins
Relationships
Death
Dreams
Sexuality: joy of life – nature
Marriage
Wales or Welsh people
childhood and innocence
Sea or seafaring life

Themes:
This structure of play is called an episodic play which means there is no fixed story line but many different events happening in different episodes.

The village is called Llareggub which is 'Buggerall' backwards. In my opinion this title is suggesting that nothing happens in the play, however as the reader gets drawn into the play one realises that there is much more to it and it is a sophisticated piece of captivating literature.

What is special about Under Milk Wood is the way in which the characters are portrayed to us. The many characters in Under Milk wood are presented to us indirectly through the Voices of the play - who tell us what they are doing at various times of the day and night.
A Critic’s opinion (mine)
Perceptive analysis of language
Candidates should Identify:
literacy devices – figurative language
Structure – punctuation and sentences
Imagery and symbolism
‘Play for Voices’ – performance aspects
Key skills and knowledge
Skills targeted:
AO1 Respond to texts critically and imaginatively; select and evaluate relevant textual detail to illustrate and support interpretations.
AO2 Explain how language, structure and form contribute to writers’ presentation of ideas, themes and settings.
Literature Unit 1:
Under Milk Wood by Dylan Thomas
Original broadcast
The specification states that answers should:
Key issues for improving grades
Identify and analyse one literacy device that Thomas uses to create an effective opening at the start of Under Milk Wood.
Starter:
1. Who is in love with Rosie Probert?
2. Who is in love with Gossamer Beynon?
3. Who wants to poison his wife?
4. Who is the oldest resident of UMW?
5. Name two characters whose names rhyme.
6. Name two characters whose names are alliterative or assonate.
7. Who has two wives living?
8. Who has two husbands dead?
Answer question in full sentences:
His sixty-six singers are all set at different hours. He lives in a house and a life at siege. Any minute or dark day now, the unknown enemy will loot and savage downhill, but they will not catch him napping. Sixty-six different times in his fish-slimy kitchen ping, strike, tick, chime, and tock.
Who is this?
Captain Cat: lost souls- loneliness-memories of the fading past
Cherry Owen: friendly - drunkenness
Polly Garter: maternity - love – sexuality
Mr and Mrs Pugh: stale marriage- spitefulness
Rev Eli Jenkins: ?
Characters and Themes
Pick out 5 main characters and identify main themes that are associated with them.
Characters
1. Name one positive marriage in UMW
2. Name two negative marriages in UMW
3. Who said: ‘I’m seventeen and I’ll go to hell’?
4. Who said UMW is ‘Heaven on Earth’?
5. Who represents maternity and babies?
6. Who nose looks: ‘like a strawberry’?
7. Who said: ‘we are not wholly bad or good ’?
Answer question in full sentences:
An omniscient narrator invites the audience to listen, for a day, to the dreams and innermost thoughts of the inhabitants of a fictional small Welsh fishing village – Llareggub.

As a text, Under Milk Wood( A Play for voices) can be categorised as a literary text as its purpose is simply to entertain, however if one delves more deeply beneath the face of this play, one could say that Thomas was reflecting and mirroring the human experience.

In Under Milk Wood Thomas wrote the play/text in a structured stylistic form. Therefore, Thomas’s conscious structure of stylistics, (the formation of words) was deliberately done to heighten he impact of vocal structure and sound through the use of language.

It is a story, a drama, and poetic prose. It is written to be listened to, and powerfully uses rhythm and visual imagery.
Summary of Under Milk Wood
Candidates should Identify the use of and its effect:
Setting
Characterisation
Themes
Omniscient narrator
Potential aspects of performance or authorial intention that make it engaging for an audience
Key skills and knowledge
Explore the ways Dylan Thomas uses language techniques in Under Milk Wood
Under Milk Wood

L.O. Explore the ways Dylan Thomas creates a distinctive community in Under Milk Wood.
Under Milk Wood
Objectives: Understanding Themes and Characterisation.
Under Milk Wood

Examination of the human condition (the irreducible part of being human that is inherent and not dependent on factors such as gender, race or class. It includes concerns such as the meaning of life, the search for gratification, the sense of curiosity, the inevitability of isolation, or anxiety regarding the inescapability of death).
Genres:
Domestic realism, Drama,
Radio play,
Soap Opera?
be relevant – you don’t need to write everything you know about the text, only the things that relate to the question
be sufficiently detailed – it is better to give a lot of detail about a small part of the text than trying to cover lots of different points
be well structured – with a clear introduction which addresses the question and a clear conclusion that returns to the question
use effective vocabulary – including literary terms where relevant
use well-chosen evidence/quotations to support points.
“We are not wholly bad or good who live our lives under Milk Wood” says the Reverend Eli Jenkins.

Do you agree with this view of the characters in Under Milk Wood and how does Thomas make you respond as you do?
Full transcript