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Sermon on the Mount

Religious Studies, Group Prject
by

Michelle Lane

on 21 October 2013

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Transcript of Sermon on the Mount

Sermon on the Mount
What is it?
Jesus and the Law
What Does it Say?
Link Back to the Scriptures
Biblical collection of religious teachings and ethical sayings of Jesus of Nazareth
Contained in the gospel of Matthew chapters 5-7
Addressed to disciples and a large crowd of listeners to guide them in a life of discipline based on a new law of love
Anonymous author as the rest of Matthew
Composed around 80-85CE
Jesus didn't come to over throw the laws Moses' was given by God, but to enforces them, and fulfill them.
The Beatitudes (5:3-12)
By: Christine Poon and Michelle Lane
The Antitheses (5:21-26)
The Lord’s Prayer (6:9-15)
Other Teachings
“Do not think that I have come to abolish the Law or the Prophets; I have not come to abolish them but to fulfill them. Matt 5:17
Jesus urges the people to follow Jewish law, but in a more righteous manner.
According to Jesus, God wants more than strict obedience to the law
Jesus states a jewish law, and then sets his interpretation of it
He goes to the heart of the laws meaning and intention
Jesus calls his followers to not only keep the law, but also its very spirit
6 antitheses recorded in the Sermon on the Mount
weak and oppressed will be exalted and the high and mighty will be troubled.
beatitudes in Matthew vs. Luke
2:08-3:30 min
Jesus teaches the people how they should pray
Lord's Prayer in Matthew vs. Luke
Added doxology
Similarities between Jesus and Moses
Sermon on the Mount representing Jesus as the new Moses
Jesus' five teachings and the five books of the Laws of Moses
"Our Father in heaven,
hallowed be your name,
10 your kingdom come,
your will be done,
on earth as it is in heaven.
11 Give us today our daily bread.
12 And forgive us our debts,
as we also have forgiven our debtors.
13 And lead us not into temptation,
but deliver us from the evil one."
Luke 11:2-4
Matthew 6:9-13
“Father,
hallowed be your name,
your kingdom come.
3 Give us each day our daily bread.
4 Forgive us our sins,
for we also forgive everyone who sins against us.
And lead us not into temptation.”
Matthew 5:3-12
Luke 6:20-23
“Blessed are the poor in spirit, for theirs is the kingdom of heaven.
4 “Blessed are those who mourn, for they shall be comforted.
5 “Blessed are the meek, for they shall inherit the earth.
6 “Blessed are those who hunger and thirst for righteousness, for they shall be satisfied.
7 “Blessed are the merciful, for they shall receive mercy.
8 “Blessed are the pure in heart, for they shall see God.
9 “Blessed are the peacemakers, for they shall be called sons of God.
10 “Blessed are those who are persecuted for righteousness' sake, for theirs is the kingdom of heaven.
11 “Blessed are you when others revile you and persecute you and utter all kinds of evil against you falsely on my account. 12 Rejoice and be glad, for your reward is great in heaven, for so they persecuted the prophets who were before you.
“Blessed are you who are poor,
for yours is the kingdom of God.
21 Blessed are you who hunger now,
for you will be satisfied.
Blessed are you who weep now,
for you will laugh.
22 Blessed are you when people hate you,
when they exclude you and insult you
and reject your name as evil,
because of the Son of Man.
23 “Rejoice in that day and leap for joy, because great is your reward in heaven. For that is how their ancestors treated the prophets.
"For thine is the kingdom,
the power and the glory,
now and forever, "
Sermon on the Mount
and
Sermon on the Plain
Matthew - Sermon on the Mount
Luke - Sermon on the Plain
Scholars believe Sermon on the Mount was created and written by the author of Matthew
Sermon on the Plain in Luke as a shorter, summarized version of Matthew
Similarities:
-both begin with beatitudes
-contains Lord's Prayer
-conduct of citizens of the kingdom of heaven
-end in parables
Comparison to the Other Gospels
Intended audience of Matthew: Jews
Matthew quotes the OT more than any of the other gospels (more than 60 times)
Matthew 1:22-23

22 All this took place to fulfill what
the Lord had spoken by the prophet:
23 “Behold, the virgin shall conceive
and bear a son, and they shall call
his name Immanuel”
Isaiah 7:14
Therefore the Lord himself will
give you a sign: The virgin will be
with child and will give birth to a son,
and will call him Immanuel
Judging Others (7:1-6)
The Golden Rule 7:12
"So in everything, do to others what you would
have them do to you, for this sums up the Law and
the Prophets."
Jesus summarizes the laws with this simple principle

This simplifies the lengthy laws and ways in which Jews are to live.

Love is at he core of Jesus’ teachings and commands

Love your God and love others -Matt. 22:36-40
36 “Teacher, which is the greatest commandment
in the Law?”37 Jesus replied: “‘Love the Lord your God with all your heart and with all your soul and with all
your mind.’ 38 This is the first and greatest
commandment. 39 And the second is like it: ‘Love your neighbor as yourself.' 40 All the Law and the Prophets hang on these two commandments.”
Matthew 22:36-40
Questions for Reflection
there are many other teachings found in the Sermon on the Mount
more examples of how one should live out the law
Summary of the scripture

What is the passages purpose?

How do you think the intended audience understood the passage?

How does modern day society
understand it?
Thank You!
Questions?
Full transcript