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Visual Perceptual / Visual Motor Deficit Learning disability
Transcript of Visual Perceptual / Visual Motor Deficit Learning disability
by: Marissa Sozio
definition / background:
- Visual Perceptual or Visual Motor Deficit learning disability is a disorder that affects the understanding of information that a person sees, or the ability to draw or copy.
-It can result in missing subtle differences in shapes or printed letters, losing place frequently, struggling with cutting, holding a pencil too tightly, or poor eye/hand coordination.
-This disability is a common characteristic with people who struggle with other learning disabilities such as Dysgraphia or Non-verbal LD.
It’s not clear how many kids have visual processing issues. But the symptoms often occur among kids with learning issues. That includes dyslexia, the most common learning issue. As many as one in five kids in the United States may have dyslexia
Researchers don’t know exactly what causes visual processing issues. They do know that the issues occur when the brain fails to accurately receive and read the visual cues sent by the eyes.
Some research suggests that low birth weight and having been extreme preterm may play a role for this disability. It’s also possible that mild traumatic brain injury could lead to visual processing issues.
Diagnosis & Testing:
Services For Students & Parents
-May have reversals: b for d, p for q or inversions: u for n, w for m
-Has difficulty negotiating around campus
-Complains eyes hurt and itch, rubs eyes, complains print blurs while reading
-Turns head when reading across page or holds paper at odd angles
-Closes one eye while working, may yawn while reading
-Cannot copy accurately
-Loses place frequently
-Does not recognize an object/word if only part of it is shown
-Holds pencil too tightly; often breaks pencil point/crayons
-Struggles to cut or paste
-Misaligns letters; may have messy papers, which can include letters colliding, irregular spacing, letters not on line
-This disability requires the integration of all of the body’s sensory experiences including sight, sound, touch, smell, balance, and
movement. Most children are able to integrate these senses by
the time they start school.
-A child with visual perceptual problems may be diagnosed with a visual processing disorder. He/she may be able to easily read an eye chart (acuity) but have difficulty organizing and making sense of visual information. In fact, many children with visual processing disorders have good acuity (i.e., 20/20 vision).
-Parents can make an appointment with a behavioral optometrist who has specialized training in assessing and treating children with visual perception problems.
-Ninety percent of individuals who have difficulties with their visual skills are never diagnosed
-The optometrist conducts an evaluation to figure out whether glasses, vision therapy, and/or an occupational therapy referral are necessary.
-Have the child sit close to the chalkboard so it is easier to copy assignments.
-Have the child use a slant board or 3-ring binder to increase visual attention and good posture during writing tasks.
-Have the child use a guide to help keep his/her place while reading and when spacing between words while writing.
-Have a child use highlighted paper and color-coded boundary lines to increase spatial awareness during handwriting activities.
-Provide alternatives for written assignments
-Suggest use of pencil grips and specially designed pencils and pens
-Allow use of computer or word processor
-Provide tracking tools (ruler)
-Use large print books
-Plan to order or check out books on tape
-Experiment with different paper types: pastels, graph,
embossed raised line paper
-kids can have great difficulty with reading, writing and math
-they may struggle to tell letters, numbers and symbols apart
-they may also have a hard time remembering and recognizing what they read.
-as kids fall behind at school, their self-confidence can take a big hit
-visual processing issues can make simple tasks hard, from matching socks to learning phone numbers
-extra help on skills & homework at home
-raising a child with this disability takes extra patience and work
-organize schedules to keep child on task & focused
-continuously practice simple skills
-always celebrate victories
-make instructions clear for student to understand easier
-color code materials
-take extra time to help specific students struggling