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Causes of the Haitian Revolution

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Anna Lifsec

on 26 May 2014

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Transcript of Causes of the Haitian Revolution

-About 500,000 of the 570,000 people living in Haiti were slaves
-40,000 people were white
This massive inequality of whites to blacks made it easier for the slaves to revolt
-Between 1777 and 1789 the slave population grew from 240,000 to 452,000. Now the majority of the slaves had been born free in Africa and were less accepting of slavery as those who had been born captive
Too many slaves
Causes of the Haitian Revolution
-The French Revolution helped to inspire the people of Haiti
-Before the French Revolution, equality seemed impossible, but seeing the French succeed, inspired the helpless people of Saint Domingue to rebel.
-In both France and Haiti, the people in authority were ignorant of what was going on, and continued to harass their slaves.
-Because the situation in Saint Domingue was similar to the one in France, the slaves of Saint Domingue were inspired to rebel.
French Revolution
- He was an ex-slave who became the leader of the Haitian revolution
-Toussaint was a brilliant military leader who led Haiti's fight for independence against the French
- Touisssant was a strong leader who not only led the revolution through his military success, but was also an important figure who was able to unite the slaves
Toussaint Louverture
-There was huge disparity between the different social classes in Saint Domnigue
- Saint Domingue was the sugar capital of the world producing 40% of Europe's sugar in the 1780's
-Yet, the people of Saint Domingue got none of this wealth
-This caused a lot of anger among the people and slaves of Saint Domingue

Social Classes
-The common religion for French Colonists was Christianity
The slaves not only used these religious meetings for spiritual singing and dancing, but also for communication and planning attacks
-The revolution was then able to be a coordinated movement

Cultural Differences
-African slaves formed religions like Voodoo which became the "medium for conspiracy"

-The society in Saint Domingue was mostly based on race

-The Grand Blancs were plantation owners and could own many slaves

-The Petit Blancs were white men and normally worked on plantations and assisted with slaves, but were also white.

-The Affranchis were free people of color, who were usually mulatto (people of mixed race) or people that had bought themselves out of slavery.

Elite Slaves
The Elite slaves did not tend to work
on plantations as much as they
worked in the house.
The fact that each social class had different desires for the future caused a lot of conflict. Because race dictated one's social class, race was a huge cause for the french revolution
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