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Natural Science Knowledge Framework

Theory of Knowledge Presentation-Period 6
by

Joseph Edwards

on 7 January 2015

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Transcript of Natural Science Knowledge Framework

Scope/Applications
- Kerri Houghton
Concepts and Language
Historical Development
What role does language play in the accumulation of knowledge in the Natural Sciences?
Language is how the scientists distribute their findings to the world. The language a scientist uses to write down, present, and tell others their ideas effects how well people absorb the knowledge the scientist is trying to share.
Language using Mathmatics is also very popular.
Scientists have to be careful if anything they are uncertain about anything they are trying to communicate. According to Brian Cox, "The reason (why one has to be careful when communicating uncertainty in science) is that uncertainty is often misunderstood and occasionally misued by self-styled people or opinion formers.

What roles do the key terms and concepts have that provide the building blocks for Natural Science?
The key terms that built Natural Science allowed the area of knowledge to have a good foundation and structure, include vocabulary that is easy for the scientist to understand and communicate so others know and understand what they are talking about, and help distinguish it's parts from each other.
The key concepts allow people to know whether or not something qualifies as part of the Natural Sciences. Also letting us know what makes up the various Natural Sciences.

What is the role of Convention?
Conventions are ways that things are usually done within a particular activity or area.
In the Natural Sciences, conventions are rules or guidelines for how experimental procedure and then publishing of the results. Conventions basically say how things should be done in the specific area of knowledge.

What metaphors are appropriate to this area of knowledge?
Metaphors that help us understand things or metaphors that make us what to discover new things are appropriate for any of the sciences.
Metaphors that involve where rain comes from, how volcanoes form, how we can live on earth, where air comes from, and more can help us learn and discover new things

Science is a body of empirical, and Procedural knowledge about and used on Nature, produced by scientists who emphasize the observation, explanation, and prediction of real world phenomena.
$1.25
Wednesday, January 7, 2015
Vol XCIII, No. 311
What are the Natural Sciences?
- Corey Martin
Methodology
Natural Sciences are any branch of science that deals with study of the natural world.

Types of Natural Sciences:
Physics
Chemistry
Geology
Biology
Astronomy
Medicine


•The scientific method is a way to ask and answer scientific questions by making observations and doing experiments.
•The steps of the scientific method are to:
◦Ask a Question
◦Do Background Research
◦Construct a Hypothesis
◦Test Your Hypothesis by Doing an Experiment
◦Analyze Your Data and Draw a Conclusion
◦Communicate Your Results


Natural Science
By Joseph Edwards, Kerri Houghton, Corey Martin, and Kaleb Perry
Natural science is about laws of nature and the physical world. It determines the uncertainties of the natural world and of human knowledge.

Natural science can solve problems that engage in natural concepts such as how the human body works or why the planets orbit around the sun and so on.
Links to Personal Knowledge

Videos
Why is this area significant to the individual?
This area of knowledge informs us about our planet; what it is made up of, how we exist on our planet, and how other animals live on this planet. We gain this information through education, experiencing it for ourselves, and practicing the things we learned.

What is the nature of the contribution of individuals to this area?
Individuals contribute to knowledge in the Natural Sciences by expanding, testing, or developing our existing knowledge. These individuals are the scientists. Scientists share their knowledge with each other and through a collaborative or individual process, do experiments in which they try to further extend our knowledge and fix what was wrong with the current knowledge. This process is called Falsification, an idea presented by Karl Popper, in which scientist work to prove why things that are not right are wrong.

What responsibilities rest upon the individual knower by virtue of his or her knowledge in this area?
A person's personal amount of knowledge, all they discovered and learned about the Natural Sciences, displays how capable they are to apply their knowledge into a specific area of knowledge. In an area of knowledge that focuses on facts about the planet, animals, trees, and anything else about the natural world, a person that has very high understanding about nature would contribute lots of ideas to the field. Someone who has doesn't know much about nature, but knows a lot about the mind and body would not be able to contribute that much information. These people that know all of the information have responsibilities like; sharing their knowledge with others, contributing ideas, and educating people about the natural world.

What assumptions underlie the individual's own approach to this knowledge?
Assumptions about areas of knowledge come from various places in a person's life. Things like personal bias, opinion formers, religion, beliefs, lifestyles, and personal interest affect how people approach gaining, accepting, and believing new information. Personal bias and opinion formers are the people who think everything is an opinion, no one has proof of where things come from, and that everyone's views are different. Religion and other beliefs affect how people see where things come from and how and why things came to exist. Lifestyles shape how people see and do things.

What are the implications of the Natural Sciences for one's own individual perspective?
The implications that come from the Natural Sciences, that can come from people are about the environment, planet, animals, space, and all other things in the natural world. These implications can help people find out the answers to any of the questions they would or do have about each of the Natural Sciences. Implications are always changing because new information gets discovered as time goes on.
~Kerri Houghton
- Corey Martin
Methodology is the system of methods that is used to find answers within a specific study, in this case this would be the scientific method for the natural sciences.
-Joseph Edwards
Within the natural sciences the hypotheses must be proved through a scientific method to be labeled as a "scientific method"
-Joseph Edwards
This area of knowledge is important because it plays an increasingly important role in out lives. To overcome problems in the natural world, such as pollution, we must have a clear understanding of the sciences and of our natural world.

- How did life begin?
- Are we alone in the universe?
- What makes science science?
- etc.

Ethical considerations in the natural sciences would include warfare, farming, etc. The study of these sciences brings about debates and new research that comes to prove new facts or perhaps unknowns.

- Kaleb Perry
"How Simple Ideas led to Scientific Discoveries"
-Adam Savage, TED talk 2012

Science is always coming up with new information or facts that lead to further studies to find answers to what may be unknown about prior knowledge or the uncertainties. Technology advances for example have gone a long way to be where they are today providing many online resources to its users around the world.
- Kaleb Perry
Methodology is used in all scientific activities but is activity driven based on what method will be used.
Basically it is all the scientific principles/methods that are used within a specific field of study.
-Joseph Edwards
Citations
"The Natural Sciences - Theoryofknowledge.net." Theoryofknowledge.net. N.p., n.d. Web. 06 Jan. 2015.

"Methodology - Google Search." Methodology - Google Search. N.p., n.d. Web. 06 Jan. 2015.

"Natural+science - Google Search." Natural+science - Google Search. N.p., n.d. Web. 06 Jan. 2015.

"How Simple Ideas led to Scientific Discoveries"
-Adam Savage, TED talk 2012
-Joseph Edwards
Full transcript