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LSA2010 Criminological theory Jenna Dunn

By: Jenna Dunn Hour:2

Jenna Dunn

on 19 May 2010

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Transcript of LSA2010 Criminological theory Jenna Dunn

{Classical Theory} {Social Disorganization Theory} {Strain Theory} {Labeling Theory} Criminological Theory Project
By: Jenna Dunn
Hour:2 {Classical Theory} {Social Disorganization Theory} {Strain Theory} {Labeling Theory} Crime occurs when the benefits outweigh the costs
When people pursue self-interest in the absence of effective punishments
Crime is a FREE WILLED CHOICE People become stabilized in criminal roles when they are labeled as criminal
unfairly regarded by many people of being bad
develope criminal identities
sent to prison
excluded from ordinary or normal roles in life
Disorganized communities cause crime because informal social controls break down and criminal cultures emerge.
they lack collective capacity or power to produce an effect to fight crime and disorder. Vs. {Positive schools} In criminology this refers to the first scientific school consisting of the Italian criminologists Cesare Lombroso (1836-1909), Raffaelo Garofalo (1852-1934) and Enrico Ferri (1856-1928).
It was believed that with the exception of those deemed to be ‘born criminals’, the discovery of the causes of crime would allow for effective treatment.
{Biological} The theory states that we commit crime due to our biological makeup/DNA. {Psychological} Contains eight stages through which a healthily developing human should pass from infancy to late adulthood.
In each stage the person confronts, and hopefully masters, new challenges.
Each stage builds on the successful completion of earlier stages.
The challenges of stages not successfully completed may be expected to reappear as problems in the future.
{Social} Deals with the enviornment around the persons'
Example: if a person were to live in a run down neighborhood or gang filled area; those people would be more suseptible of crime then a middle or rich class neighborhood.
causes a person may do this is the need for money to feed families. Definition: <social> If society or even some account of people lable a person of some form of criminal that person is more likely to become the very criminal society has labled the person with.
this deals into the social category because it is caused by the enviornment/society around the person. When a society or some form of community has not commited to keeping its area safe and spending time to prevent crime. Criminals will have an easyer target and will spread quickly.
When individuals cannot obtain success goals(money, status in school), they experince strain or pressure. Persay a student could not get good grades and was frustrated with himself so much it got too much for him to handle and couldn't handle the strain anymore. And doing so made him actout with crime. {psychological} My understanding of this theory i a person has there own choice (no outside or inside causes) in commiting crime. classic understanding definition understanding definition understanding
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