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Metys Problems in
Sri Lanka Current Situation in
Sri Lanka/ Video As of current... VIDEOS. :3 Factor 4:Resettlement Factor 2:
Citizenship Rights Factor 3:
The Sinhala-only policy Factor 1:
University Admissions Tamil Tigers were formed Summary Repercussions of the conflicts
in Sri Lanka The Tamil Tigers is a terrorist organization based in the North of Sri Lanka and set up to fight for Tamil rights. Their full name is ''Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam''.
The forming of this group then led to many high-profile attacks and assassinations, including suicide bombings, civilian massacres, and ethnic cleansings. In fact, it was even the only separatist militant organization to be able to assassinate two world leaders, in 1991 and 1993.
They were launched a major offensive by the Sri Lankan military in 2006, and victory over them was declared on 2009, with the Tigers admitting defeat the next day and their leader killed 3 days after the declaration. Conflicts between the two major ethnic groups in Sri Lanka, as well as many events due to those problems, caused the forming of an infamous terrorist group which had even been able to assassinate and kill two world leaders as well as plentiful riots, both of which had caused an abysmal number of deaths in the country. This serves to prove that the conflicts between the Sinhalese and Tamils are detrimental to Sri Lanka, as it also led to the country receiving no tourism as a result. Before 1964, citizenship rights in Sri Lanka were granted to people who were born in the country, as well as those who had forefathers born there as well. This meant that Indian Tamils brought over from India by the British were left stateless, such that they were even unable to vote although they had contributed to the economy (e.g. Tea planting). Eventually, the Indians decided to step in, and in 1964 talks were held between India, who wanted to help the Tamils, and Sri Lanka, who had brought forth a promise to grant citizenship rights to the Indian Tamils. However, the promise was not kept and nothing was done, resulting in most Tamils remaining stateless. This then led to violence.
Afterward, citizenship rights were then granted to those who had lived in Sri Lanka since 1964 as well as those whose forefathers have lived there since then. Sinhala was made the only language for administration in 1956, and as such Tamils in the government service were given two choices- to learn Sinhala within three years, or to be dismissed from their jobs.
As they would be unable to get promoted or even get jobs, they held a peaceful demonstration, though it was disrupted by Sinhalese supporters. Peaceful demonstrations against the Official Language Act took place. During the demonstration, supporters of the Sinhala Language turned up and disrupted the demonstration. With that lead to a riot that caused a death of hundreds.
Also, this had caused a promise within India and Sri Lanka to be broken, as mentioned, leading to dissatisfaction and to violence and riots once more.
With such problems within the country itself that led to countless riots, tourism for the country rapidly declined, and has, as expected, crippled their economy. Before 1970, university admissions were based on an individual's merits. Seeing that this led to the amount of the two ethnic groups' students to almost reach an equilibrium, the English Sinhalese grew dissatisfied as they thought that this ratio did not reflect the population's proportions of the country. Thus, after 1970, the government introduced a new university admission criteria aiming to lessen the number of Tamil students in universities, such that the Tamils needed higher scores than the Sinhalese in order to get into the exact same course.. As a result, there was a significant fall in the number of Tamils in universities as opposed to the rise seen in the Sinhalese. Increasing amounts of
violence within the country. Before, Sri Lankan Tamils were driven out of their homeland, leading to a large displacement of Tamils, some even fleeing to Tamil Nadu.
Then, many Tamils fled their homes when the Sri Lankan army moved into Jaffna to take on the Tamil Tigers.
Even now, many Tamils still live in over-crowded conditions in refugee camps or with their families and friends. During the resettlement of the population, Sinhalese were transferred from the densely populated areas to the areas occupied by Tamils, to provide land for landless Sinhalese peasants to live and cultivate rice on. With them also came along Buddhist monks and even soldiers who were mainly Sinhalese from the Sri Lankan Army. Whole villages were even vacated to be occupied by Sinhalese settlers, who were also provided protection from the army.
These arrivals and happenings caused unhappiness among the Tamils, as they felt that the Sinhalese were intruding on their land. They then began to feel marginalized and rejected by the large-scale government resettlement schemes into these lands. With that, also comes riots. End Thank you for your cooperation and kind attention!