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Transcript of Bullying
Defining the Problem
How bad is it?
Over 3.2 million students are victims of bullying each year.
1 in 4 teachers see nothing wrong with bullying and will only intervene 4% of the time.
Doing the Dewey
Conflict-resolution techniques help students practice
Individual conflict-resolution techniques
"School bullying is most commonly defined as the exposure of a student, repeatedly and over time, to intentional injury or discomfort inflicted by one or more other students" (Olweus, 1993; Rigby, 1996).
Reasons Kids Bully
School is a community.
Students learn how to be good citizens.
All people are morally equal.
We are all capable of well-informed and
We can solve any problem if we work
Communication is the key.
Common values are agreed upon through
"A person who is trained to consider his actions, to undertake them deliberately, is in so far forth disciplined. Add to this ability a power to endure in an intelligently chosen course in the face of distraction, confusion, and difficulty, and you have the essence of discipline."
Democracy and Education
Lack of warmth and involvement on the part of parents.
Lack of supervision by parents.
Harsh, physical discipline.
Parent modeling of bullying behavior.
Victimization by older siblings.
Friends who bully.
Friends who agree with violence.
To enhance their social power and protect their prestige with peers.
To deflect taunting and aggression that is directed towards them
Schools with no policy against bullying, and little supervision of students.
When children are aggregated together, they associate with others who are similar to them or who have qualities or characteristics that in some way support their own behaviors.
Models of bullying behavior are prevalent throughout society, especially in television, movies, and video games.
For teenage girls, bullying can be a way of creating excitement or alleviating boredom. It is also used as a method of gaining attention from other girls in order to secure friendships.
Approximately 160,000 teens skip school every day because of bullying.
56% of students have personally witnessed some type of bullying at school.
Over two-thirds of students believe that schools respond poorly to bullying, with a high percentage of students believing that adult help is infrequent and ineffective.
71% of students report incidents of bullying as a problem at their school.
90% of 4th-8th graders report being victims of bullying.
1 out of 10 students drop out of school because of repeated bullying.
Harassment and bullying have been linked to 75% of school-shooting incidents.
Have you ever bullied anyone?
What made you do it?
Prevention is better than intervention...
Focus on the social climate of the school
Open communication to keep tabs on bullying
Good citizens of the school community
don't watch bullying
help those being bullied
reach out to "less popular" students
Peer relations as a curriculum component
assist bullies to understand and take responsibility for harm caused
assist victims to understand and take responsibility for their part
addressing the underlying issues with the victim and the perpetrator
Restorative Justice Model
forgiveness - being able to put others’ grievances behind you.
reconciliation - feeling care and support from those who have been harmed,
shame management - acknowledging the harm that has been done, and making amends
Implementing Restorative Justice - A Guide for Schools
Promising Future Trend
When intervention is necessary...
Do you ever feel like a plastic bag,
Drifting through the wind, wanting to start again?
Do you ever feel, feel so paper-thin
Like a house of cards, one blow from caving in?
Do you ever feel already buried deep?
Six feet under screams, but no one seems to hear a thing
Do you know that there's still a chance for you?
'Cause there's a spark in you
You just gotta ignite the light, and let it shine
Just own the night like the Fourth of July
'Cause baby, you're a firework
Come on, show 'em what you're worth
Make 'em go "oh, oh, oh!"
As you shoot across the sky-y-y
Baby, you're a firework
Come on, let your colors burst
Make 'em go "oh, oh, oh!",
You're gonna leave 'em falling down oh oh
Democratic classrooms have to be "built"
All students have an equal voice
Rules are developed together
a person who stimulates or annoys especially by persistent criticism
Brenda Raymond and Carlos Zelaya