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ToK presentation

artificial intelligence
by

Katie Obluda

on 24 May 2011

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Transcript of ToK presentation

What is Intelligence? To what extent should we allow artificial intelligence to keep record of our experiences/data? Digital Pen Records data Recognizes handwriting Artificial intelligence is the capacity of a computer to perform operations analogous to learning and decision making in humans, as by an expert system, a program for CAD or CAM, or a program for the perception and recognition of shapes in computer vision systems. What are the pros and cons of having a pen digitize our writing and keeping record of it? Pros Cons -never lose writing or notes -lose pen, lose all data -dependency on object to hold
all data, information -reliable way to never forget what was written -easilly organized, contains all data in one object -solid proof for courts of law, evidence for/against a crime -machines can break/malfunction -new technology, can have possible unknown
problems -hackers can access data, corrupt legal evidence Strengths of Artificial Intelligence What do we consider to be intelligent? "General mental ability due to the integrative and adaptive functions of the brain that permit complex, unstereotyped, purposive responses to novel or changing situations, involving discrimination, generalization, learning, concept formation, inference, mental manipulation of memories, images, words and abstract symbols, eduction of relations and correlates, reasoning, and problem solving" - - PROJECT MILO "Playing God" creating life and intelligence
Is it right? Is it possible? What prevents AI from becoming superior to us? Are defenses necessary:kill switch? What gives us the right to give and take intelligence? -"One of the things that makes Watson unique is its ability to understand natural language- "getting at the meaning of words and understanding what humans meant, not just what they said or wrote,"- Katherine Frase IBM's Vice Pres. of research

"This technology is revolutionizing the way industries, such as fiance, insurance, manufacturing, and healthcare as well as military and governments are modernizing their legacy systems."- Philip Newcomb "The artificial brains that real brain builders will build will not be controllable in an Asimovian way. There will be too many complexities, too many unknowns, too many surprises, too many unanticipated interactions between zillions of possible circuit combinations, to be able to predict ahead of time how a complex artificial-brained creature will behave.”-Dr.Hugo de Garis Initial: Intelligence is the abillity to learn from mistakes and experience. Comprehend complex ideas Problems with Artificial Intelligence -can become more intelligent than humans, outsmart them
-could gain increasing power in society, as well as comtrol in important aspects of society such as:
-nuclear weapons
-political/government offices
-money:stock market prediction and control, economy
-law/justice system
-other tecnology and media outlets ("Big Brother" from 1984 by George Orwell)
-take jobs away from people, and hurt the economy Machines are more able to understand complex problems and adapt to new situations .
Allows replacement of humans is dangerous task or monotonous tasks More effcient and effective at analyzing millitary missions and can calulatee best and most logical planfor military operations able yto multitask many mechaniical functions at one time Entertainment industry virtual competition in games with growing intelligence, and growing and learning virtual pets Market Industry able to predict trends and the opion of the public on consumabele products Carry out complex problems in a relative sort fram e of time Able to serve humans: learning tools, phyical labour or tasks, help handicapped carry out Hazardous or unsanitary tasks The idea that intelligence is used to store our human lifestyle data is limited to the perspective that
data as withheld can be potentially fallable.

Judging from the relevance of data, it seems to resist the prospect of god that would question the meaning of life and that intelligence is either choosen genetically or procreated.

As well, from the idea that intelligence is not to be measurable (IQ testing) and that in society intelligent people are periodically stereotyped to be unfairly advantageous in some perspective to fit in a better job market.

More or less the aspect that intelligence can be attributed with mistrust is another aspect or implication against the morals, from intelligence is the abilityto have a free doctrined ideal. Such as the aspect of mistreatment of official rule and to question the encumberment of god.

Another perspective may be to consider that intelligence is dangerous in general and to relinquish information to a machine may procreate its own political future, a coupe and new reign of religion of a master race sort of reign.

From the ability to create inteliigence artificially there is the same aspect of dismanteling it in the same speed, how can the human race be certain that they are not creating their own doom by matching their own intelligence. Bias and Limitations:
-Genetics
IQ is based off of genetics
Genetics can be modified
-Money
more money allows better potential to buy better education
better education means a better job with greater pay
Artificial Intelligent equipment is expensive and may limit the market ability for the general public
-Prejudice
Cultures are left out with programms such as Project Milo
Ethical implications of not being able to completely control whose intelligence is used in the AI programming Other Real life Situations and Examples Real World Situation Watson: IBM Project, Jeopardy showmatch In February 15, 16, and 17th Watson, an AI computer, competed against the top Jeopardy winners to demonstrate advancements of the Artificial Intelligence technology.
Watson won against the Jeopardy winners, showing the capabillities of Artificial Intelligence and the ever-evolving science behind it Divergent Points of View/Counterclaims: Pros Cons -allows life like relationships to form which may mimic the role of a lost child or allow parenting opportunities to infertile couples at a cheaper expense -interactive to help establish social abilities in socially challenged children -Not culturallyuniversal and too limited with gender, appearence, and language is not universal -Unsettling to have a relationship with a non-physical object -too close to life-like qualities may be too real and give off creepy perception Works Cited: Moyer, Michael. "Watson Looks for Work: What's Next for the ArtificiallyIntelligent Jeopardy Champion?" Scientific American. Apr. 2011:19. Print. Newcomb, Philip. "Accelerating Software Modernization with Artificial Intelligence." Scientific American. Apr. 2011:20. Print. "Intelligence." AccessScience. The McGraw-Hill Companies. Web. 22 May 2011. <http://www.accessscience.com/abstract.aspx?id=348200&referURL=http%3a%2f%2fwww.accessscience.com%2fcontent.aspx%3fsearchStr%3dintelligence%26id%3d348200>. "Artificial Intelligence Introduction." Artificial Intelligence Depot. Web. 22 May 2011. <http://ai-depot.com/Intro.html>. "AI - Ethical Issues." WWW-CS-FACULTY & STAFF Home Page (12-Apr-1995). Web. 22 May 2011. <http://www-cs-faculty.stanford.edu/~eroberts/courses/soco/projects/2004-05/ai/ai-ethics.html>. Markoff, John. "The Future of Artificial Intelligence - NYTimes.com." The New York Times - Breaking News, World News & Multimedia. 23 May 2009. Web. 22 May 2011. <http://www.nytimes.com/2009/05/24/weekinreview/24markoff.html>. "Ethical and Moral Issues regarding Artificial Intelligence - AI - Links999." Links999. Man and Machine. Utopia. Web. 22 May 2011. <http://www.links999.net/robotics/artificial_intelligence/AI_ethical.html>. TOK Presentation
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