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Transcript of Japan WWII
. The Japanese economy during the interwar period faced major crises.
. The crisis brought reforms in the financial sector through large-scale injections of public funds and the amalgamation of banks.
.The Showa Depression of 1930-31 was caused by the Great Depression, a worldwide economic collapse, which had been intensified in Japan by the return to the Gold Standard at the old parity.
.Japan escaped from the Great Depression earlier than most other countries through a series of macroeconomic stimulus measures initiated by Korekiyo Takahashi, a veteran Finance Minister who resumed office in December 1931.
. Then, Japan introduced a mechanism by which the government could receive easy credit from the central bank without establishing other institutional measures to govern its fiscal policy. This course of events resulted in an eventual loss of fiscal discipline In every country and government type, there is always one person at the political top who makes the key decisions and determines the national policy, or leads to it - the national leader. General Hideki Tojo (Prime minister of Japan) rose in the ranks of the Japanese military and government until he consolidated power. After a short attempt to improve relations with the US failed, he ordered to go to war and attack Pearl Harbor in December 1941. When he realized that Japan was going to lose the war he resigned. After the war Tojo was executed for his responsibility to Japan's war crimes. Japanese History Hirohito known as Emperor Showa was the emperor of Japan from 1926 till his death in 1989. Hirohito had a divine status and was also the Commander and chief in the military. Hirohito admired Hitlers outlook in the war and chose to ally with Germany forces. Hirohito wanted to industrialized Japan like the western nations for example United States and other european nations. In 1867/68, the Tokugawa era found an end to Meiji Restoration. Tokyo became the new capital when the emperor was moved from Kyoto to Tokyo; by which his imperial power restored.
During the 1930s and through World War II, the Japanese military controlled the government of Japan. Unlike Germany and Italy, Japan did not have a dictator. Japan admired Hitler’s regime and used the Nazis to advance their military, but this member of the Axis power ruled differently and fought differently than its European allies. Japan, during World War II, made history by attacking Pearl Harbor, quickly conquering vast territories in the Pacific, defying the Geneva Convention by mistreating prisoners of war, and fighting to the death with legendary kamikazes. . Possible Examples of Ultranationalism Possible Examples of Nationalism
Apartheid in South Africa Olympic Games
European imperialism Triple Alliance
Lebensraum World Fairs, such as Expo '67
Front de Libération du Québec (FLQ) Conscription during World Wars Bix, Herbert P. "World Biography." Hirohito Biography. N.p., n.d. Web. 30 Oct. 2012. <http://www.notablebiographies.com/He-Ho/Hirohito.html>.
Worden, Robert L., and Ronald E. Dolan. "Interwar Japan." Interwar Japan. N.p., n.d. Web. 30 Oct. 2012. <http://www.shsu.edu/~his_ncp/IntJapan.html>.
Jones, Steve. "U.S.-Japanese Foreign Policies Before World War II." Welcome to About.com US Foreign Policy. N.p., n.d. Web. 31 Oct. 2012. <http://usforeignpolicy.about.com/od/asia/a/The-United-States-And-Japan-Before-World-War-Ii.htm>. The invasion of Manchuria had two important side effects - putting aside for a moment its dreadful revelation that the League was powerless in the face a determined aggressor. First, it raised the prestige of the Japanese Army. Second, it made it possible for the Army to pressurise the Japanese government to undertake a policy of armed expansion. America's consistent refusal to use nothing more than words in support of the League had shown just how toothless and helpless the international community was when it came to enforcing and upholding the peace. A dangerous precedent had been set. Japan was an industrialized nation that needed raw materials for it's factories.
They wanted to expand and create an empire like England did.
All the territory around Japan was already taken.
France had Vietnam, Holland had Indonesia, England had Malaya, U.S. had Philippines.
Japan went into Manchuria and China.
U.S. cried foul and cut off Japan's oil supply.
Japan went to war