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Ermin Ortizon 14 February 2013
Transcript of Education
Merriam-Webster states that education is the knowledge and development resulting from an educational process. Education in the Philippines evolved from early settlers to the present. Education in the country is in great importance because it is the primary avenue for upward social and economic mobility. Philippine educational system has a very deep history from the past in which it has undergone several stage of development going to the present system of education. The History of the
Philippine Educational System (Also known as K+12) Enhanced Kindergarten - Grade 12 Analysis What is Education? The History of the Philippine Educational System Pre-Spanish time.
Informal and unstructured.
This education basically prepared their children to became good husband and wives.
Filipino men and women knew how to read and write using their own native alphabet called “alibata”. Ancient Early Filipinos Educational Decree 1863 Formal.
Established schools from the primary level to the tertiary level of education.
The schools focused on the Christian Doctrines.
There was a separate school for boys and girls.
The wealthy Filipinos or the Illustrados were accommodated in the schools. Established the first educational system for students in the country.
Required the government to provide school institutions for boys and girls in every town.
Spanish schools started accepting Filipino students.
The Normal School was also established which gave men the opportunity to study a three-year teacher education for the primary level. Spanish
Period Provided free education in public schools all over the country.
Vocational education and some household activities were given importance.
Good manners and discipline were taught.
There was also the existence of "Adult Education" in order to give formal education even to adults. American Period The following changes were made:
To stop depending on western countries and promote and enrich the Filipino culture.
To maintain good relations with Japan.
To be aware of materialism to raise the morality of the Filipinos.
To learn and adopt Nippongo and to stop using the English language.
To develop love for work. Japanese
Occupation Patterned after the American system
English as the medium of instruction.
Schools are classified into public or private.
Formerly had only 10 years of basic education.
Now uses the K+12 model. Present The K to 12 Program covers Kindergarten and 12 years of basic education (six years of primary education, four years of Junior High School, and two years of Senior High School [SHS]) to provide sufficient time for mastery of concepts and skills, develop lifelong learners, and prepare graduates for tertiary education, middle-level skills development, employment, and entrepreneurship. Expectations The Basic Education Diagram Features of the K+12 Model Implementation and Transition The State of Philippine Education Introduction to K+12 Universal Kindergarten began in SY 2011–2012.
The enhanced curriculum for Grade 1 and Grade 7 (1st Year Junior High School) was rolled out this SY 2012–2013, and will be progressively introduced in the other grade levels in succeeding school years.
Grade 11 will be introduced in SY 2016–2017 and Grade 12 in SY 2017–2018.
The first batch of high school students to go through K to 12 will graduate in March 2018. What the Government has achieved
and their future plans Budget Allocation P 238. 8 billion for year 2012
P 270 billion for year 2011 Resources Perspective Resources
Perspective Teacher Items Sanitation Facilities Classrooms School Seats DepEd Budget as a percent of GDP, Obligation Basis 1993-2011 Textbooks Ten-point Basic Education
Reform Agenda 1. A 12-year basic education cycle
2. Universal pre-schooling for all
3. Establish the Madaris Education as a sub-system in the current education system
4. Re-introduce technical and vocational education in public high schools
5. Every child a reader by Grade 1
6. Improve science and mathematics
7. Expand government assistance to private education
8. Use of mother-language instruction
9. Better textbooks
10. Build more schools in cooperation with LGUs Frequently
DepEd What will happen to colleges and universities during the initial nationwide implementation of Senior High School in SY 2016–2017 and SY 2017–2018? Where will Senior High School be implemented? How will K to 12 affect the college curriculum? Is Kindergarten a pre-requisite for entering
Grade 1? Discussions between private Higher Education Institutions and DepEd are being conducted for the possible utilization of facilities and hiring of college teachers for Senior High School. This ensures that during the transition period, the reduction in enrollment in these colleges and universities may be offset. Existing public schools may implement Senior High School. DepEd is likewise in discussions with CHED, TESDA, and private schools to use their facilities. In addition, new standalone Senior High Schools will be built. The college General Education Curriculum is being revised. It will have fewer units with the removal of unnecessary remediation as K to 12 graduates adhere to the College Readiness Standards. With K to 12, the college curriculum will comprise of a year’s worth of General Education subjects and at least two years of major subjects. Yes. Republic Act No. 10157, or the Kindergarten Education Act, institutionalizes Kindergarten as part of the basic education system and is a pre-requisite for admission to Grade 1. Public schools will admit children who have not taken Kindergarten into Grade 1 until SY 2013-2014. Education in the
Philippines Education System Higher Education State of Philippine Education Handled by three government organizations: the Department of Education (DepEd), the Commission on Higher Education (CHED) and the Technical Education and Skills Development Authority (TESDA). These organizations all aim to educate the youth thoroughly so that they can help our country in the future.
The basic education used to be composed of only 10 years. But now, since the K+12 model is being implemented in our system, two additional years are added before a student can get to college. Based on the wet/cool and dry/hot seasons.
Summer break is from March to May.
The school year starts in June.
The average number of school days is 200.
The school year ends on the first few weeks of March.
The Philippines, a Catholic country, has a 2-3 week break during Christmas in December and a 4-5 day break at the start of November to celebrate the Day of the Saints and the Day of the Dead. The Academic Year
in the Philippines The education system of the Philippines is modeled largely on the American education system, reflecting the influence the US used to have on this country. There is compulsory schooling until 6th grade, after which children begin to attend secondary schools. After 10th grade, they then move on to higher education institutions where, after 4 years, they will receive their Bachelor’s degree. Higher education institutions are usually private or run by the church. As schooling is compulsory in the Philippines, the literacy rate is high throughout the population. Unfortunately, many children also quit school after 6th grade. In fact, the duration of formal schooling in the Philippines is the shortest in the world. Quality of Education State schools are often characterized by big classes, a severe lack of teaching material and poorly paid teachers. There are high regional differences when it comes to the number of children who finish school. While almost 100% of students graduate in Manila, it’s only about 30% in Mindanao or Eastern Visayas. The test scores of Filipino children are below international standards. With its funding, the government has mostly focused on the primary education sector and has failed to fund the entire education system properly. To improve the situation, the government has now promised significant changes. They plan to build more schools, provide better teaching equipment and offer scholarships to poorer families. There are plenty of state-run universities and higher education institutions in the Philippines. Much like public schools, however, they suffer from low budgeting and cannot compete with private institutions. These are financed through high tuition fees. Many families, including those who belong to the middle class, struggle to send their children to a decent university or college. The actual weak point in the Philippine education system, however, lies in the professional education. It is mainly offered by private institutions and is not as widely available as necessary. While English is spoken widely in the Philippines, the proficiency has decreased among graduates in recent years. Pros Cons The Filipinos view education with utmost importance and the completion of reaching the tertiary level is a must. For them, it is one of their greatest achievements in life. They do not only display this character at school, but as well as in the training grounds and work areas they are at, and that includes other countries.
The Filipino teaching strategies is very promising. You can visibly see the resourcefulness and dedication of the mentors in their profession and sees through achievements not in their selves but on their students. They feel the biggest deals of their lives seeing their learners walk their way through their own podiums.
The richness of the Filipino literature, arts, originality, and perseverance exhibit that Filipinos are fast learners inside and outside the school premises.
The literacy level of the Filipinos, compared to a lot of countries is way too high, as well as the talents, making the Filipino one of the most demanded skilled workers in the world and stand out when it comes to love of work. Philippine education lies distant from the expectations of generally aiding an individual to feel competent or even feel confident in entering the globalization era at present.
On the contrary, the present condition of the Philippine education is full of challenges and struggles. Based on the 2008 achievements, the percentages of the figures presented as achieved were mostly positive although it is said to be minimal, leaving the target date of the unachieved percentage unknown. Sad to say that all unachieved percentage was due to unavailability of funds provided by the government. With poverty and corruption of the government, the Philippine education would lie as is or improvement may just be as steady as it is today for the two major challenges hamper the other factors that help out education status to progress. Education was created to make sure that progress would continue, as citizen become knowledgeable and become competitive to attain their desired economic status. Education is very important for everyone but because of financial problem many of us cannot go school that results in school’s low participation rate. High dropout rate is also growing rapidly because most of the parents are forced to drop out their children for they cannot afford sending them to schools. Even with our not so good economy, our government decided to create the K+12, which has an additional 2 years for basic education. Because of this K+12 program there will be a lot of shortage of classrooms, textbooks and teachers. Most of all, there would be no freshmen enrollees on colleges and universities for two years. If there are no enrollees some professor and staffs of the college/university may lose their jobs. Private Higher Education Institutions and DepEd are discussing for the possible utilization of facilities and hiring of college teachers for Senior High School to ensure that during the transition period, the reduction in enrollment in these colleges and universities may be offset. Recommendation There are many problems arising due to the implementation of the new basic education curriculum. To make the new educational system more effective, these problems must be dealt with.
The following are a few suggestions that the researchers made: Double the number of high schools and elementary schools to accommodate every student.
Explore the methods of learning and teaching.
Increase the budget allocation for education to make the necessary actions for the problems arising .
Improve the quality of basic education.