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Transcript of Unit 17#
A conjunction is a word or group of words that joins words, phrases, or clauses.
Unit 17: Prepositions, Conjunctions and Interjections
Carlos Gallardo, Anneth Salazar
Forjadores de la Patria Secundaria
A preposition is a word that shows how a noun or a pronoun is related to some other word in the sentence.
Jennifer was sitting at the table. At is the preposition
I will tell you a story about a lion. About is the preposition
The plane flies above the clouds. Above is the preposition
Emma was absent yesterday. Absent is the preposition
There are 2 types of conjunctions:
The most frequently used prepositions are:
Aboard, about, above, across, after, against, along amid, among, around, at, before, behind, below, beneath, beside, between, beyond, but ,by, down, during, except, for, from, in, into, like, near, of, off, on, over, past, since, through, throughout, to, toward, under, underneath, until, unto, up, upon, with, within, without
Coordinating and Subordinating
Prepositions can also be
consisting of two or
more words used as a
Coordinating conjunctions are used to join two parts of a sentence that are grammatically equal.
According to: (As stated by, on the authority of)
•According to john no one enjoyed the party very much.
•According to the weatherman, we can expect more cold weather this week.
Ahead of: (Before, in front of)
•You should have told us ahead of time that you were coming.
•That car’s going too slowly. Why don’t you try to get ahead of him?
Along with: (Together with) we have to take physical education along with all the academic courses.
From above: (From a position above or over)
•Seen from above, the countryside looks like a checkerboard of brown and green squares.
An easy way to remember the coordinating conjunctions is by remembering the word "fanboys".
The coordinating conjunctions are:
Interjection is a big name for a little word. Interjections are short exclamations like Oh!, Um or Ah! They have no real grammatical value but we use them quite often, usually more in speaking than in writing. When interjections are inserted into a sentence, they have no grammatical connection to the sentence. An interjection is sometimes followed by an exclamation mark (!) when written.
A subordinating conjunction joins an independent clause with a main clause.
A subordinating conjunction always comes at the beginning of a subordinate clause. It "introduces" a subordinate clause. However, a subordinate clause can sometimes come after and sometimes before a main clause.
Since they had misbehaved, the boys were given one week suspensions from school.
Chris does not want tea or coffee.
He was fond of playing basketball because it was his father’s favorite game.