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Following God's Moral Law

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JP Stedwill

on 10 October 2014

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Transcript of Following God's Moral Law

What is an indulgence?

They were used in the early church -- when people payed for an indulgence, it would lessen their time in purgatory
This wasn't the church's view
Nowadays, it's different

An indulgence is valid both in the tribunal of the Church and in the tribunal of God. This means that it not only releases the penitent from his indebtedness to the Church or from the obligation of performing canonical penance, but also from the temporal punishment which he has incurred in the sight of God
Indulgences
"If we confess our sins, he is faithful and just, and will forgive our sins and cleanse us from all unrighteousness" (1 John 1:9)
It's in the Bible!
After Baptism our sins are forgiven in the sacrament of Reconciliation
It remits Eternal punishment from mortal sin
It reduces temporal punishment
Reconciliation gives us a way to stay in the state of grace
Without Confession many people could never make it to Heaven
Jesus said to
Confession is
Necessary
Following God's Moral Law
"Truly I tell you, whatever you bind on earth will be bound in heaven, and whatever you loose on earth will be loosed in heaven. Matthew 18:18
Early Church
"As the Father has sent me, even so I send you. . . . Receive the Holy Spirit. If you forgive the sins of any, they are forgiven; if you retain the sins of any, they are retained" (John 20:21–23).
Public sins such as apostasy would be admitted publicly but private sins were told to a priest

If someone was known to have committed a sin they were brought before a priest for his forgiveness and penance

Penance was usually severe and carried out publicly

This sacrament is rooted in the mission God gave to Christ in his capacity as the Son of man on earth to go and forgive sins


History of Indulgences
Indulgences became increasingly popular in the Middle Ages as a reward for displaying piety and doing good deeds, though, doctrinally speaking, the Church stated that the indulgence was only valid for temporal punishment for sins already forgiven in the Sacrament of Confession. The faithful asked that indulgences be given for saying their favourite prayers, doing acts of devotion, attending places of worship,
Problems
In the early church, many people objected the idea of indulgences, Martin Luther especially. This lead to the protestant reformation
Why are Indulgences Granted?
They are granted for specific
good works and prayers in
proportion to the devotion
with which those good works
are performed or prayers recited.
How to Gain them
We can gain them only per modum suffragii, i.e. by an act of intercession.

An indulgence may be plenary or partial, according as it remits all or only part of the temporal punishment due to sin
Are they Valid?

Church Fathers
For where there is division and wrath, God does not dwell. To all them that repent, the Lord grants forgiveness, if they turn in penitence to the unity of God, and to communion with the bishop" -St. Ignatius of Antioch

It is necessary to confess our sins to those to whom the dispensation of God’s mysteries is entrusted. Those doing penance of old are found to have done it before the saints.
-Basil the Great
Changes in Confession
Penance
AD 50-140
Public confession and penance discouraged many from receiving reconciliation with God
It also made it so that a sinner could only avail himself of the sacrament once in his life
Confession was changed with Christianity spreading into Ireland- 5th Century
Private confession and penance was adopted
Immediate absolution after confession was put into use
The rest of the Western Church adopted this new method
Our way of private confession today had changed little since the 5th Century
Penance used to be completed before absolution and was more strict.

This Absolution was normally public and cuold last several months

Three kinds of penance are to be distinguished canonical, prescribed by councils or bishops in the form of “canons” for graver offences. This might be either private, i.e., performed secretly or public i.e., performed in the presence of bishop, clergy and people. When accompanied by certain rites as prescribed in the Canons, it was solemn penance. The public penance was not necessarily canonical; it might be undertaken by the penitent of his own accord. Solemn penance, the most severe of all, was inflicted for the worst offenses only, notably for adultery, murder, and idolatry, the “capital sins”


Yes!
They have been approved by the Church at an Ecumenical council
Full transcript