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Explorers of the New World
Transcript of Explorers of the New World
Hernan Cortes was a conquistador, a person sent from Spain to conquer a vast empire. They also wanted to get rich. They reached the beautiful city of Tenochtitlan. The Aztecs had never seen anything like them and some thought that Cortes was the Aztec god Quetzalcoatl. In the end, Cortes conquered the Aztecs with the help of Indians that hated their rulers.
Christopher Columbus was an explorer that became convinced that the shortest route to the Indies lay west. He was determined to find out so he set out find the truth. Instead of finding that the shortest route to the Indies lay west, he found the Caribbean Islands and named them San Salvador. The results to this was that there became a great transfer of people, animals, plants, and diseases that came back and forth over the Atlantic Ocean. This great transfer became known as the Colombian Exchange. This wiped out many of the Native Americans and brought a big impact.
Francisco Pizzaro was a Spanish explorer who sailed to America to conquer the native tribes. After a long battle with the Incas in South America, Pizzaro and his men won, aided by disease which wiped out many of the Incas soldiers. He also sailed to many other parts of America and sailed with other explorers like Balboa. He also served as the mayor of Panama for a time.
Sir Walter Raleigh
Sir Walter Raleigh was an explorer who was sent to colonize Roanoke island, which is by North Carolina today. Him and his friend John White were sent there to colonize it. They left and were not able to resuply Roanoke until three years later were they found the whole island deserted and not a trace of people and no signs of battle. Carved on a doorway was the word Croatian and on every tree "cro"was carved.
Captain John Smith went to Jamestown to take control and become a leader. He said, "If any would not work, neither should he eat." He was a natural leader. Later on in his years he was captured by Powhatan Indians, but saved by his friend, Pocahontas. With the help of Pocahontas he became friends with the Powhatan Indians, who helped Jamestown die from starvation. Captain John Smith brought peace between the people of Jamestown and the Powhatan Indians.
Henry Hudson was an explorer from the Netherlands. His main goal was to find a river that went from the Atlantic to the Pacific through America. He sailed along the River now known as the Hudson River, hoping that it would lead him to the Pacific. He also claimed land along the Hudson River for the Netherlands.
John Rolfe was a settler in Jamestown. He discovered a suitable crop for Virginia's environment: tobacco. He also brought peace between Jamestown and the Powhatan Indians by marrying Pocahontas.
Dutch West India Company
Dutch merchants wanted to start a colony along the Hudson River, on the land claimed for the Netherlands by Henry Hudson. They built Fort Orange and set up trading posts along the Hudson, quickly profiting from the fur trade. Peter Minuit was sent to govern the settlement. The Dutch settlers allied themselves with the Iroquois, the French supported tribe the Huron's rivals. The Iroquois protected the Ohio Valley, which was rich with furs, from the French. In 1647 was sent to New Amsterdam to govern. The colony's population grew to almost 8000 people by 1660. In 1664 the English took over the city, renaming it New York.
Juan Ponce de Leon was an explorer from Spain who got rich by discovering gold in Puerto Rico.He was one of the first explorers to explore america.Even though he was so rich he wanted to find the "Fountain of Youth" which was a fountain that could make old people young again. Jaun Ponce de Leon set off to find it and landed in Florida and called it La Florida. While he was trying to find the fountain of youth , the native americans attacked, and shot him in the stomach with a poisoned arrow , he died.
Juan Ponce de Leon
Twenty years after the Roanoke Colony's failure the London Company sent a group of settlers to start a moneymaking colony, sending back valuable goods such as wood. Settled on a swampy peninsula that they believed could be easily defended, they encountered many unforeseen hardships. Mosquitoes carrying disease swarmed around them, no one knew properly how to farm, and no one was willing to work very hard. Hunger almost wiped out the colony. John Smith, John Rolfe, and Pocahontas saved the colony from devastation.