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Transatlantic Slave Trade
Transcript of Transatlantic Slave Trade
Inquiry Project by Kayla Lee
What long term effects did the Transatlantic Slave Trade have on Africa, Europe and America?
2. How and why did the Transatlantic Slave Trade begin?
-Expanding European Empires in the New World lacked one major resource; a work force. In most cases Europeans were dying from diseases. Europeans were unsuited to the climate and suffered under tropical disease, but Africans on the other hand were excellent workers, They often had experience of agriculture and keeping cattle, they were used to a tropical climate, resistant to tropical diseases, and they could be "worked very hard" on plantations or in mines.
3. How was Africa affected during and after the slave trade?
- The Atlantic Slave Trade had enormous negative effects on the continent of Africa. Many parts of Africa suffered from an increase in violence, drain of people, and an economy increasingly reliant on slavery.
4. If the Transatlantic Slave Trade never happened, would the world be the same today?
1. What is the Transatlantic Slave Trade?
- The Transatlantic Slave Trade was a crucial period of time from the 16th through to the 19th centuries.
- It took place across the Atlantic Ocean.
- The large majority of slaves transported to the New World were Africans transported from the western and central parts of Africa who were sold by Africans to European slave traders who then transported them to North and South America.
- The slave trade is sometimes called the Maafa by African and African-American scholars, meaning "great disaster" in Swahili.
- The disruption was immense: the relationships between kingdoms, ethnic groups, religious communities, castes, rulers and subjects, peasants and soldiers, the enslaved and the free, were transformed. In some decentralized societies, people evolved new styles of leadership that led to more rigid, hierarchical structures, thought to better ensure protection.
- Marches of the captives over long distances took away many lives. A big amount of the enslaved were
destined to stay in Africa, but many were
transported across the Sahara to the North, which heightened the impact of the slave trade on Africa.
- The first slaves brought to Portugal came in 1444 from Northern Mauritania. From Mauritania, the Portuguese moved their way down the western coast of Africa, establishing contact all the way down to the Cape of Good Hope and around to the other side of Africa. Through these contacts, the Portuguese initiated trade relations that grew into the Atlantic Slave Trade. Portugal was the first of a number of European nations who became involved in the Atlantic Slave Trade. The Dutch, French, Spanish, and British soon followed in their footsteps
Some Pictures of what it was
like during the slave trade
- If the slave trade had never happened, Africa's population would certainly be vastly greater than it is now.
- Maybe people would look at Africans differently and maybe Africa wouldn't be known as a poor country.