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Essay Writing Process
Transcript of Essay Writing Process
1) Stress the importance of the thesis statement
2) Give the essay a sense of completeness
3) Leave a final impression on the reader What is Conclusion ? Learn about your previous mistakes
Look for Mistake Patterns
Know It - Love It TAKE YOUR TIME Planning Your Essay Essay Planning 1. Analyze the question 3. Raise questions or investigate ideas that your essay can address 2. Identify the information you need 3.The Essay Instruction - what the essay wants you to do? What is the essay question explicitly (0r obviously) saying? First Step 1. The Essay Topic - What is the essay topic generally about? 2.The Essay Focus - What the question is specifically about? In your opinion, do you think Macao government should improve the Macao's maritime regulation in response to the recent ferry accident in Hong Kong? Example Topic - Maritime Regulation Focus - the need for maritime regulation improvement Instruction - personal opinion Other examples of Instruction Words Analyze - Study something in detail identifying the main components or characteristics and how they relate to each other Outline - Present the main features or the general principles of a subject only and emphasis their structure or arrangement Discuss - Explain the meaning of something and explore the meaning in a logical way Assess - Study the importance or value of something What is the essay question implicitly (hidden meaning) saying? 1. This is about critical thinking and the examiner is testing your academic writing skills 4. Expect you to have done your assigned reading, research and use of standard academic writing style (i.e. references and bibliography) 3. Understanding the theory and practice behind the selected topic 2. Examiner expects you to have a broad understanding of the topic and are to be able to analyze specific examples Second Step Analyze the Keywords, Phrases and Ideas 1. Make a list of keywords, phrases and ideas in the essay question 2. Identify the topic, focus, instruction in the question 3. Identify implicit ideas in the essay 4. Create a mind map for the essay In your opinion, do you think Macao government should improve the Macao's maritime regulation in response to the recent ferry accident in Hong Kong? Analyze the Question What is my opinion in this matter?
Do I Agree that changes should take place?
Do I Disagree that changes should take place? Which department(s) in Macao government is responsible for this matter? The Maritime department or The legislative council etc. What do we Mean by improve?
Define your definition of improvement for this essay
i.e. better signal lighting on boats, more life jackets etc
or more emergency response practice by authorities Which recent ferry accident?
Limit your essay! How does event happen in Hong Kong relevant to us in Macao?
Give Reasons What are the current maritime regulation?
What do I know about it?
How does my personal experience relate to this?
i.e. my last ferry ride to Hong Kong Why should Macao government response to this issue?
i.e. government responsibilities to its citizens, public safety etc. Mind Map 1. Write down Your Main Idea, word, topic and focus 5. Create new labels, colors, shapes, drawings and link them together 4. Draw lines away from shape (ideas) to shapes (ideas) 3. Underline or draw around key words 2. Draw a shape around it Introduction Body Conclusion Edit Finish 3 Points Generally there are 4 elements in an Introduction E1 E2 E3 E4 E1 E2 E3 E3 E4 E1 - Why do you care about this topic? (Choose Your Topic Wisely)
E2 - What do you know about this topic? Any discussions in the news?
E3 - What are your 3 Points?
E4 - What do you think about the topic? do you agree or disagree with one side? (in the discussions) E1 E4 E3 p4 p1 p2 p3 Ruins of Saint Paul's Cathedral Most tourists prefer gambling than to visit historical sites such as Ruins of Saint Paul's Cathedral, should the Macao Tourism Department continue promoting Macao historical sites? Paragraph A B Create a new meaning
You don't have to give new information to create a new meaning. By demonstrating how your ideas work together, you can create a new picture. Often the sum of the paper is worth more than its parts. Echoing the introduction
Echoing your introduction is good strategy to bring the reader to a full-circle Answer the question "So What?"
Show your reader why this paper was important.
Show them that your paper was meaningful and useful. Synthesize, do not summarize
Do not simply repeat things that were in your paper. They have read it. Show them how the points you made and the support and examples you used were not random, but fit together Redirect your reader
Give your reader something to think about, perhaps a way to use your paper in the "real" world. If your introduction went from general to specific, make your conclusion go from specific to general Transition words
For Signaling Conclusion Last of all
To terminate All in all
As a consequence
As a result
In other words
In summary Conclusion should have
Thesis - Main Argument
New Meaning (but not new information)
Echo [Your Main Argument] Read aloud Read backwards Check List
Paragraphes in order
Does the conclusion include echo introduction? What to look for ? Spelling Left-out [ ] doubled words Fragment Sentences Run on Sentences Comma Splices Subject/Verb Agreement Mixed Construction