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The element Tin (Sn)

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haslin garcia

on 7 January 2014

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Transcript of The element Tin (Sn)

History
it is unclear as to who first discovered tin but it does date back to around 3,500 B.C.
Tin has played an important role in the human race.
The uses of tin grew at the start of The bronze age.
- tin was being used in bronze
- it contained 90% of copper and 10% of tin
- adding tin to the bronze alloy had a huge improvement on its property, better than just pure copper.
Ancient greeks obtained tin from what they call ' Tin island' ; which is today known as Cornwall, Great Britain and Spain
Name origin

Physical Properties
5 energy level
-first level: 2
- second level: 8
-third level: 18
- fourth level: 18
- fifth level: 4
Tin Bohr model
Isotopes

Isotope Half Life
Sn-112 Stable
Sn-113 115.1 days
Sn-114 Stable
Sn-115 Stable
Sn-116 Stable
Sn-117 Stable
Sn-117m 13.6 days
Sn-118 Stable
Sn-119 Stable
Sn-119m 293.0 days
Sn-120 Stable

Isotopes
a good majority of tin being produced, they are used towards solder.
tin is used as a coating for other metals, in order to prevent corrosion
punched tin, an artistic technique used for decorative lantern.
tin is being added to melted glass for windows.
Uses of tin
when tin is being bent, it makes a screeching sound, called 'tin cry'
tin is mentioned in the old testament, presenting it as a metal
49th common element found in the earth's crust
tin is though to be non-toxic
Interesting facts
Cost
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The element Tin (Sn)

Haslin Garcia
Per.5

atomic number: 50
atomic mass: 118.69 g.mol
melting point: 232 degree C
boiling point: 2270 degree C
electron configuration: [Kr] 4d10 5s2 5p2
color: sliver white
metallic-looking solid
malleable
ductile
tin's original known name was plumbum, which is Latin for white lead.
it's chemical symbol is Sn, coming from the recent Latin name, Stannum.
protons/electrons: 50
neutrons: 69

Sn-121 1.12 days
Sn-121m 55.0 years
Sn-122 Stable
Sn-123 129.2 days
Sn-123m 40.1 minutes
Sn-124 Stable
Sn-125 9.63 days
Sn-125m 9.5 minutes
Sn-126 100000.0 years
in the market, tin can cost around $7-8.00 per gram.
the prices are always changing in different areas since tin is a common metal found.
References
http://www.chemicool.com/elements/tin.html
http://www.ducksters.com/science/chemistry/tin.php
http://www.webelements.com/tin/history.html
http://humantouchofchemistry.com/history-of-tin.htm
Full transcript