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Afghanistan and Animal Farm

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teryl schmidt

on 14 January 2013

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Transcript of Afghanistan and Animal Farm

http://afghanistan.usaid.gov/en/programs/democracy_governance Afghanistan and Animal Farm Taking advantage of Others In both Afghanistan and Animal Farm, women and animals who weren't in control were taken advantage of. In Afghanistan, ever since the Taliban took over, women lost most of their rights. Because of this, women were taken advantage of. “Some of them are paid less than $50 to work at home on pieces that require nearly three to four months to complete.” ("U.S.-ARC Projects") For example, Afghanistan women were paid drastically less for their products due to their lack of knowledge of markets. This is similar to when the pigs took over in Animal Farm:
While the pigs got extra food, the other animals were given an unfair ration of crops. In both Animal Farm and Afghanistan, rebellions occurred to try and remove people in control from power. On October 7, 2001, the United States began bombing the Taliban and al-Qaeda, forcing them out of Afghanistan, in retaliation to the 9/11 terrorist attack. The Revolution During the rebellion in Animal Farm, the animals attacked the humans in order to take control. The animals wanted freedom and to no longer be treated poorly. In the end, they won and were able to take control of the farm. Better Before Than After Life was better for Afghans before the Taliban took control, and better for the animals before the pigs in Animal Farm took power. Before the Taliban took power, woman had much more rights such as educational and professional opportunities.

But while the Taliban was in power, women couldn't get health care or an education, were unable to support their families, and even things like banning songs and toys for young girls. Before the pigs took over, life in some ways was better. It was fine at first, but soon the pigs began to control the other animals. They also began to act more and more like humans, which isn't what the animals wanted. Both Afghanistan and the animals on Animal Farm reached out for help. Afghanistan asked the United States for help.
For example, their is a website that works to help Afghanistan. In Animal Farm, the animals reached out to other farms through the song 'Beasts of England'. Their goal was to rebel and eventually take power over the humans by getting other animals in other farms to help. Reaching Out For Help Execution The Taliban and the Pigs would execute people and animals who committed crimes. The Taliban would execute people if they did something that the Taliban didn't like. The pigs would execute the animals if they were to go against Napoleon or disobey his demands. The Taliban executed a women named Najiba. She was shot by the Taliban for committing “adultery”. She was not given any kind of trial before she was killed. An example of Animal Farm execution is when the hens decided to disobey Napoleon's orders of giving up their eggs. Those who did were killed in the end for their actions. The murder of Najiba had Afghan activists organize a march for several hundred women and men. Sub-connection Both Animal Farm and Afghanistan hide the truth behind these executions. The pigs covered up what had really happened to the hens by saying,
“...it was given out they had died of coccidiosis” (Orwell 87). President Hamid Karzai said,
"'the murder of a woman who has had no voice to raise for her self-defense against the weapon and brutality of a number of criminals is a clear symbol of the cowardice and wickedness of her murderers'" (The Daily Beast). In Animal Farm: "But women leaders say the lofty words mask the reality of the impunity that greets most perpetrators of crimes against women" (The Daily Beast). In Afghanistan: “‘Comrades!” he cried. "You do not imagine, I hope, that we pigs are doing this in a spirit of selfishness and privilege?... It is for your sake that we drink that milk and eat those apples’” (Orwell 52). "Every day Snowball and Napoleon sent out flights of pigeons whose instructions were to mingle with the animals on neighboring farms, tell them the story of the Rebellion, and teach them the tune of 'Beasts of England'" (Orwell 54). Hamid Karzai, soon to be appointed Acting President of Afghanistan, said,"'Taliban rule is finished. As of today they are no longer a part of Afghanistan'"
(BBC History). "Prior to the rise of the Taliban, women in Afghanistan were protected under law and increasingly afforded rights in Afghan society" (U.S. Department of State). Unions There were unions formed in Afghanistan and Animal Farm such as the AAWU and the hens in Animal Farm. Women in Afghanistan formed a union to try and retrieve most of their rights lost to the Taliban. “The All Afghan Women’s Union AAWU was formed to oppose the flood of oppression and violence that surround women’s lives” A small union was formed between the hens when Napoleon demanded that more of their eggs were to be sold. The hens stood up to Napoleon and did not give them up. "Let us face it: our lives are miserable, laborious, and short. We are born, we are given just so much food as will keep the breath in our bodies, and those of us who are capable of it are forced to work to the last atom of our strength; and the very instant that our usefulness has come to an end we are slaughtered with hideous cruelty" (Orwell 28). "The creatures outside looked from pig to man, and from man to pig, and from pig to man again; but already it was impossible to say which is which" (Orwell 139). "...Squealer announced that the hens, who had just come to lay again, must surrender their eggs...four hundred eggs a week" (Orwell 86). For example, while the pigs were in charge, other animals would have no choice but to follow Napoleon's orders because his dogs were a constant threat. Dec. 7, 2001 "Though not yet full-grown, they were huge dogs, and as fierce-looking as wolves. They kept close to Napoleon" (Orwell 68). Especially towards the end of the book, the pigs live and act more and more like actually humans. This was the opposite of how the animals wanted to behave, especially for old Major. "'Is it not crystal clear, then, comrades, that all the evils of this life of ours spring from the tyranny of human beings?'" (Orwell 30). "USAID’s Democracy and Governance program supports the establishment of a broadly accepted national government that promotes national unity and effectively serves the needs of the Afghan people" (US AID | AFGHANISTAN). Works Cited " Three hens who had been the ring leaders in the attempted rebellion over the eggs now came forward . . . . disobey Napoleon's orders. They, too, were slaughtered" (Orwell 93). "All Afghan Women Union AAWU." NGOs - We & Others. N.p., 27 Mar. 2007. Web. 13 Jan. 2013.
"The Taliban Are Forced out of Afghanistan." BBC News. BBC, n.d. Web. 13 Jan. 2013.
"The Taliban's War Against Women." U.S. Department of State. U.S. Department of State, n.d. Web. 13 Jan. 2013.
"USAID | Afghanistan." Strengthening Institutions for Good Governance. N.p., n.d. Web. 13 Jan. 20 to Mobilize." The Daily Beast. Newsweek/Daily Beast, 11 July 2012. Web. 12 Jan. 2013.
"U.S.-ARC Projects" U.S.-Afghanistan Reconstruction Council. N.p., n.d. Web. 10 Jan. 2013.
"USAID | Afghanistan." Increasing Access to Quality Education and Suitable Learning Environments. N.p., n.d. Web. 13 Jan. 2013.
"U.S.-Afghanistan Reconstruction Council." U.S.-Afghanistan Reconstruction Council. N.p., n.d. Web. 13 Jan. 2013. "The hens made a determined effort to thwart Napoleon's wishes. Their method was to fly up to the rafters and there lay their eggs, which smashed to pieces on the floor" (Orwell 86-87) (WORLD-WIDE ASIAN-EURASIAN HUMAN RIGHTS FORUM)
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