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The War on Drugs
Transcript of The War on Drugs
The Drug War in Mexico
The Mexican Drug War is the ongoing battle between rival drug cartels for control over trafficking routes to the United States and their attempted crackdown by the Mexican army. The most common drugs involved are marijuana and cocaine. It is estimated that illegal drug sales range from $13.6 billion to $49.4 billion annually.
There are multiple cartels that are involved in the trafficking of drugs - primarily the Sinaloa cartel and Los Zetas. They are responsible for most of the violence that impacts Mexican citizens.The Drug Enforcement Agency (DEA) in the United States and the Mexican police & army are involved in trying to stop the traffickers, by trying to
their operations by arresting drug runners and seizing drugs or capturing people who sell the drugs in the U.S.
1 - Overview
Who is responsible for the drug war in Mexico?
Most of the drugs come from areas in Mexico that the cartels control - Sinaloa, Guerrero, and Michoacan. Cocaine is produced in South America and funneled up through Mexico. The vast majority of these drugs are then channeled up to the United States, where they are bought by U.S.
The Drug War is an ongoing issue since the 1960s. During the 1980s and early 1990s most of the drug trade was controlled by one cartel, the Guadalajara Cartel. More recently, there has been a rise in violence associated with rival cartels in the 2000s. Since 2006, an estimated 55,000 Mexican people have died, many of them innocent civilians.
1 - Overview
2 - Historical Background
NAFTA has had a major impact on the Mexican Drug War. Since NAFTA was passed in 1994, it has become increasingly difficult to monitor the drug war. Since there are fewer
on the transportation of products across the border, drug smuggling has become much easier.
The Drug War is also related to the Mexican Revolution. Article 27 of the Mexican constitution gave land rights to the people. However, Article 27 was later eliminated when NAFTA was passed in 1994. This caused a lot of lower class people to lose their land and need new jobs. Since jobs in maquiladoras don't pay very well, many have turned to working for the cartels.
in the United States are partially responsible for the drug war in Mexico because they are the ones fueling the war through their
If there were not so many illegal drug users, the Mexican cartels would have no one to sell their products to. Right now the biggest driver of violence is competition for drug markets and routes in the United State. If there was less competition for consumers, than drug-related violence in Mexico would be greatly reduced.
Additionally, the United States government is also responsible because they are not properly handling the escalating situation. The cartels make a lot of money because most drugs are illegal, which means the production, transportation and sale of them is dangerous and so demands a high price. If the U.S. government legalized certain drugs than the cartels wouldn't be able to profit as much, which would reduce their size. Also, if the government provided better drug rehabilitation programs, than users would be less dependent on drugs, which would also reduce the need for cartels to bring drugs to the U.S.
Modern Day Importance
Citizens in Mexico are dealing with unspeakable levels of violence related to the Drug War. People that live in areas controlled by cartels are subject to near-daily violence or the threat of violence as the cartels battle it out for control and with the Mexican army. The cartels are murdering people to send a warning to the Mexican army to leave them alone. In last 6 years, around 55,000 people have been brutally beaten, raped, tortured, and killed. Many times their bodies are left in public places as a visible warning.
This is especially unfair to the Mexican people because they are usually completely innocent and not involved in the buying and selling of drugs. Most of the
are in the United States, and they don't have to deal with the violence. While drug users in the United States get high, Mexican people frequently pay the price with their lives. A lot of people in Mexico feel very
with the situation, and blame the cartels, their government, and drug users in the United States for all the violence.
Who is to blame for the drug war in Mexico?
by Ms. Macy
A final video on the effects of the Drug War