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Sally's Story Context - Sally Morgan & The Stolen Generation
Transcript of Sally's Story Context - Sally Morgan & The Stolen Generation
The Stolen Generation Who is
Sally Morgan? Sally Milroy was born on the 18th of January 1951 in Perth, Western Australia and was the eldest of 5 children.Their family was very poor, her mother working as a cleaner to try and make ends meet whilst her father was constantly in and out of hospitals until he finally died when Sally was still quite young.Luckily Sally's grandmother also lived with the family, playing a large part in Sally's life. What have we done for them? On the 13th of Feb 2008, Kevin Rudd presented a national apology to all the aboriginal and indigenous people, families and communities affected by the Stolen Generation. " We apologise especially for the removal of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander children from their families, their communities and their country. For the pain, suffering and hurt of The Stolen Generations, their descendants and for their families left behind, we say sorry."
-Kevin Rudd I wasn't surprised with the mixed reactions Mr Rudd's apology received. For example Mr Dodson described the apology as a courageous statement after a decade of denial by the Howard government and "went well beyond what I thought they might say" despite the fact that John Moriarty a Stolen Generations member, criticised the government for not going far enough. " it doesn't tell what the Stolen Generation really is". Although I realise that the apology from Kevin Rudd was a big step for the reconciliation process of the Stolen Generations, I'm certain that there is countless amounts of things that can and need to be done. Who are the
Stolen Generation? I can't even imagine the immeasurable amount of pain and suffering it would cause a person who has been taken away from their families or the endless nights filled with longing and loneliness they would feel. Living the rest of their days with a giant hole punched through their chest, never able to heal. If this happened to me I would always feel as if there was a part of myself missing, unable to discover who I really am without the knowledge of my family, my past and my culture. The effect on the indigenous
people & communities The Stolen Generation has bared wide spread effects upon the stolen children, their families, descendents and home communities. A life time of anguish, abandonment and the constant battle to discover who they really are has been inflicted upon the stolen children. Sadly many of them have never seen or been able to identify their families and home communities again. This loss of identity still has ongoing ramifications for the younger generations today, the descendents of the stolen children. As a result of the stolen children never obtaining any knowledge about themselves, communities and heritage, consequently it means their children, grandchildren and even great grandchildren will have an everlasting sense of longing for a past. "I have no identity really"
-Cynthia Sariago, daughter of a stolen child.
This is just one of the many examples of the harsh effects the Stolen Generation has had on not only the stolen children but also their families. The impact of "Sally's Story" on our
understanding of The Stolen Generation Sally Morgans personal biography "Sally's Story" is a splendid stepping stone for our society's knowledge of the Stolen Generation. It allows you into the lives of an aboriginal family affected by the Stolen Generation. When I began reading "Sally's Story" I only had very minimal knowledge of The Stolen Generation nevertheless the book inspired me to further research The Stolen Generation and further my understanding with knowledge that the book didn't cover. Despite the fact I believe that "Sally's Story" is a superb advocate for the Stolen Generation by enlightening thousands with her own experience.If I had to judge it by the amount of knowledge it presents there is other things that could be used instead. For example, personally I perceived the book as not being able to cover all the serious problems and consequences the Stolen Generation has had on the Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander citizens of Australia. The Stolen Generation has also presented a misconception that being aboriginal is a bad thing that people should be ashamed of and try to hide. " You still don't understand, its a terrible thing to be Aboriginal. you can be Indian, Dutch, Italian, anything, but not Aboriginal!" -Jill, Sally's Story
This example shows the fact that The Stolen Generation has had a huge impact on the self esteem of the people of aboriginal descent. For example in "Sally's Story", Sally's mother and grandmother never admitted to their aboriginal heritage until Sally was 15, however prior to this they tried to convince the children they were Indian. "Mum, where do we come from? The kids at school reckon we're not Aussies"
"Tell them your Indian. Now no more questions, just tell them your Indian."
- Sally & Gladys, Sally's Story The Stolen Generation was the forced removal of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander children from their families and communities. The Australian government were taking the children in attempt to try and raise them to be more white, slowly decreasing the aboriginal population. However not all aboriginal children were taken, the authorities mainly targeted children from a mixed descent (half caste). This was due to the idea that they would be able to blend into white society easier. Sadly during this time many of the children were never told of their aboriginal heritage and only discovering it much later in life. The majority of the stolen children were raised in missions or by foster parents, completely cut off from their aboriginal heritage and being severely punished if caught talking in their traditional language. They received little to no education, boys being trained to be labourers and stockmen whilst the girls were taught to be domestic servants.Many of the children were repeatedly physically and sexually abused, many babies were born to girls raped by white men and were taken away from their mothers as early as birth. There is no black or white, we are both. I'm black and white. We were the product of white men rapping our traditional women. We were an embarressment. No one wanted us, they just wanted us out of the way"."
-Zita Wallace, taken 8yrs old The authorities started removing aboriginal children towards the end of the 19th century, however this was done without a legal framework which wasn't established until 1909 in the "Aboriginals Protection ACT". During the 1960's it began to slow down although continuing on well into the 1970's, despite this fact some schools and missions were still holding children until the early 1980's. (E.G. Bonaderry children's home, in NSW) Many other examples have been made and personally I believe that they had better success in bringing across the same powerful message as well as more facts and knowledge surrounding the Stolen Generation subject.
E.G "Rabbit -Proof Fence", a movie made in 2002 based on the true story of three aboriginal girls, Molly, her little sister Daisy and cousin Gracie, who were taken from their homes in Jigalong, WA in 1931. The girls were taken to the Moore River Native Settlement north of Perth, along with many other children. Against all the odds the eldest Molly manages to escape and travel the whole 1500miles back to their home, following the Rabbit-Proof fence. Sadly Gracie was captured and brought back to the settlement, never returning home. "These people...make me sick"
-Molly, Rabbit-Proof Fence Only very few records of the Stolen Generation remain, some deliberately destroyed and some just lost. Due to successful assimilation, some administrations deliberately understated the number of indigenous people, therefore distorting data resulting in the numbers only being able to be roughly estimated. One source estimated that over 6,200 children were taken in NSW alone between 1883 and 1969. In 1974, the Australian Bureau of Statistics presented a survey, revealing that 1 in 10 indigenous children under 25 had been removed from their families. Bibliography "Most of my positive influences have come from my mum and Grandma...some of the things they taught me was to respect the environment and all its creatures".
-Sally Morgan www.news.com.au/national-old/pm-moves-to-heal-the-nation/story
the book "Sally's Story" by Sally Morgan
the movie "Rabbit-Proof Fence"
my english textbook When Sally started school she didn't enjoy it and had a very hard time, this was also due to the fact that her classmates used to say that she looked different from them and she wasn't from their country.This lead to her mother telling her she was from India, only learning the truth about her aboriginal heritage when she was 15. At age 17 Sally finished school and tried to get a job, then decided to go to university the following year. In 1972, Sally married a fellow student Paul Morgan and in the next decade she finished her studies and had three children. Continuing to question her mother and family about their heritage finally paid off when her mother agreed to tell her the truth about their lives. After this Sally began to write about her family and their history, traveling to north of Pilbara WA, in 1983 to discover more. In 1987 she published "Sally's Story", which became an instant best seller, telling the story most people didn't know of how children were taken away from their mothers because of the colour of their skin. Sally also began to paint again, holding exhibitions and selling her aboriginal paintings worldwide. By Hannah French