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The History of the Internet
Transcript of The History of the Internet
system not dependent upon phone lines;
sputnik exposed the weaknesses in our system
and called for a decentralized communication
system where systems would be "smart" enough
to work past lost nodes. BELL.1962 development of the first modulator-demodulator; the birth of the "modem" ASCII.1963 communication led to a need of a standardized code, the American Standard Code for Information Interchange PACKET.SWITCHING.1965 more efficienct transfer of data needed to be developed; packet switching emerged to fill this need. packet switching uses a chunking of data that it sends in an array, not necessarily in order, so that a file would not have to occur in a specific order and could be interrupted. data is reassembled at the other end. this additionally allowed for data to be sent to multiple sources at once because while each packet was being used, the others would be free on the server FTP.1971 a file transfer protocol was created to regulate how a file can be copied from one server to another ARPAnet.1969 goes live; originally developed for the department of defense but serves as a prototype for the modern internet TCP/IP.1983 (transmission control protocol / internet protocol) were permanently activated; these comprise the set of communication protocols that now largely dictate the internet. this protocol also finalized the need for "IP" addresses on computers/network devices for efficient communication. DNS.1983 the domain name system maintains the heirarchy of internet addresses and implemented the .com, .gov, .mil, .org, .net, and .edu domain names. this also helped give computers more organized IP addresses GOPHER
VERONICA . 1980s
JUGHEAD an increasing amount of information on these internets called for the need of indexing tools to help users find the information they were looking for in the massive online libraries. tools like VERONICA (the Very Easy Rodent-Oriented Net-wide Index of Computerized Archives) came to the rescue of "information overload" ONLINE SERVICE PROVIDERS.1989 online service providers surfaced with the opening of the to businesses and general users. Prodigy and AOL surfaced to sell access to the internet. welcome_to_the_internet WEB.BROWSERS.1991 HTTP&HTML&URLs.1991 WEB.SEARCH.ENGINES.1996 yahoo! came to power in 1996, while google began to dominate by 2000. These search engines helped users browse the unimaginably huge amount of content on internet hypertext transfer protocol and and hypertext markup language emerged for displaying information on the internet and making the user-interface more accessible. universal resource locations were also added to help identify where location on the internet was. by 1991, new ways of retrieving, presenting, an traversing through information on the web. COMMERCIALIZATION.1995 WEBv2.2004 WEBv3?.2010 WEB.3.0 ... by 1995, enough users had made their way onto the internet to make it feasible for companies to move online shopping into the virtual world. companies such as amazon, ebay, and paypal surfaced