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1000 - Class2

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Kelly Blidook

on 1 October 2018

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Transcript of 1000 - Class2

Authority: right to command
Legitimacy: acceptance of command

If society sees government as Legitimate, there will be some Obligation to respond/obey.
Does democracy decrease or increase the amount of coercion in a society?

Governments usually use forms of coercion, but cannot rely upon it entirely - is usually used along with Influence and Authority.
“…the deliberate subjection of one’s will to another through fear of harm or threats of harm.”

Involuntary compliance
3 Forms of Power

2. Coercion
Power, Legitimacy, and Authority

Class 2

Posc 1000 – Intro to Political Science
Legitimacy usually requires change/adaptation (democracy is one possible process)

Lack of adaptation may require increased use of coercion, erodes legitimacy.
Public Authority
Natural authority: spontaneous deference to the judgment of another

Public authority: deliberately created by human agreement (rules)
Natural Authority vs. Public Authority
”Obeying command simply out of respect for the source of the command.”

All governments:
Require some authority
Prefer as much as possible (avoid time and cost of influencing and coercing).
3 Forms of Power

3. Authority

Persuasion or coercion?

“police” state

“economic” coercion

Where might we see coercion?
People change preferences/actions based on what they see/hear/read?

Anywhere “payoff” exists
Job or economic connections

Social “networks”

“Democratic politics is a giant web of influence and persuasion”
Where is influence?
Traditional Authority - based on inherited position (I.e. Elders, royalty)

Legal Authority - based on rules, confined by rules (Modernization)

Charismatic Authority - based on the projection and perception of extraordinary personal qualities
Max Weber’s 3 types of Authority

Right of belief in sense of duty
Command rightness of
(acceptance of process)
Legitimacy of authority
Legitimacy of authority
1. Influence - persuade/show that stopping is better than not stopping.

2. Coercion - constant enforcement, threat of punishment.

3. Authority - members of society accept that they should stop because told to.
Power to make someone stop …?
Red light example
Political meaning: "social ability to induce others to do what one wants."
"to be able"

“… capacity to achieve what one wants.”
Can appeal to:
group solidarity (community/nationalism)
“ the ability to persuade others to do your will; to convince them to want to do what you want them to do.”
3 Forms of Power

1. Influence

Authority Legitimacy Obligation
Full transcript