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1000 - Class2

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by

Kelly Blidook

on 12 September 2013

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Transcript of 1000 - Class2

Authority: right to command
Legitimacy: acceptance of command

If society sees government as Legitimate, there will be some Obligation to respond/obey.
Legitimacy
Does democracy decrease or increase the amount of coercion in a society?

Governments usually use forms of coercion, but cannot rely upon it entirely - is usually used along with Influence and Authority.
Coercion
“…the deliberate subjection of one’s will to another through fear of harm or threats of harm.”

Involuntary compliance
3 Forms of Power

2. Coercion
Power, Legitimacy, and Authority

Class 2

Posc 1000 – Intro to Political Science
Legitimacy usually requires change/adaptation (democracy is one possible process)

Lack of adaptation may require increased use of coercion, erodes legitimacy.
Public Authority
Natural authority: spontaneous deference to the judgment of another

Public authority: deliberately created by human agreement (rules)
Natural Authority vs. Public Authority
”Obeying command simply out of respect for the source of the command.”

All governments:
Require some authority
Prefer as much as possible (avoid time and cost of influencing and coercing).
3 Forms of Power

3. Authority




Persuasion or coercion?
Bullying

“police” state

“economic” coercion

Forcing someone to do something they don’t want to do AND don’t feel they should do
Where might we see coercion?
Media
Do people change their preferences/actions based on what they see/hear/read?

Anywhere “payoff” exists
Bribe
Job or economic connections

Social “networks”
Family
Friendships

“Democratic politics is a giant web of influence and persuasion”
Where might we see influence?
Traditional Authority - based on inherited position (I.e. Elders, royalty)

Legal Authority - based on rules, confined by rules (Modernization)

Charismatic Authority - based on the projection and perception of extraordinary personal qualities
Max Weber’s 3 types of Authority

Right of belief in sense of duty
Command rightness of
government
(acceptance of process)
Legitimacy of authority
Legitimacy of authority
1. Influence - persuade/show that stopping is better than not stopping.

2. Coercion - constant enforcement, threat of punishment.

3. Authority - members of society accept that they should stop because told to.
Power to make someone stop …?
Red light example
BUT - Political meaning: "social ability to induce others to do what one wants."
"to be able"
Various senses: “… capacity to achieve what one wants.”
Power
Can appeal to:
intellect
passions/emotions
self-interest
group solidarity (community/nationalism)
“ the ability to persuade others to do your will; to convince them to want to do what you want them to do.”
3 Forms of Power

1. Influence

Authority Legitimacy Obligation
Full transcript