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Malcolm X

Religions Of The World Special Presentation

Corey Young

on 15 April 2010

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Transcript of Malcolm X

Malcolm X Early Years The Nation of Islam Malcolm Little was born on May 19, 1925, in Omaha, Nebraska, to Earl and Louise Little. His father was an outspoken Baptist speaker; he supported Pan-African activist Marcus Garvey and was a local leader of the Universal Negro Improvement Association (UNIA). Early Years Malcolm Little was one of the best students in his junior high school, but he dropped out after a white eighth-grade teacher told him that his aspirations of being a lawyer were "no realistic goal for a nigger." Malcolm X would laugh about some of the struggles he expereinced, but at the time it was humiliating. It made him feel that there was no place in the "white world" for a focused black man, no matter how smart he was. After living with a series of white foster parents, Malcolm moved to Boston in February 1941 to live with his older half-sister, Ella Little Collins. Early Years Young Adult Years In Boston, Little held a variety of jobs and found intermittent employment with the New Haven Railroad. Between 1943 and 1946, he drifted from city to city and job to job. He left Boston to live for a short time in Flint, Michigan. He moved to New York City in 1943. Young Adult Years On January 12, 1946, Malcolm was arrested for burglary while trying to pick up a stolen watch he had left for repairs at a jewelry shop.Two days later, Little was indicted for carrying firearms. On January 16, he was charged with larceny and breaking and entering, and eventually sentenced to eight to ten years in Massachusetts State Prison. On February 27,Little began serving his sentence at the Massachusetts State Prison in Charlestown. Young Adult Years In 1948, Little's brother Philbert wrote, telling him about the Nation of Islam. Like the UNIA his father was involved with, the Nation preached black self-reliance and ultimately, the unification of African Americans, free from white American and European domination. Trip To Mecca On April 13, 1964, Malcolm X departed JFK Airport in New York for Jeddah, Saudi Arabia. His status as an authentic Muslim was questioned by Saudi authorities because of his United States passport and his inability to speak Arabic. Since only confessing Muslims are allowed into Mecca, he detained from his original group Trip To Mecca On April 19, Malcolm X completed the Hajj. Malcolm X said the trip allowed him to see Muslims of different races interacting as equals. He came to believe that Islam could be the means by which racial problems could be overcome. The Nation of Islam The Nation of Islam The Nation of Islam In 1952, Malcolm visit Elijah Muhammad and joined the Nation of Islam. He changed his last name Little to X symbolizing his true African name. In June of 1953, he became the assistant minister of the Nation of Islam temple 1 in Detroit. In the later part of 1953, Malcolm established the Boston Temple 11 and in March founded the Temple 12 in PA. Soon after, Malcolm was selected by the Honorable Elijah Muhammad to lead the Harlm Temple 7. Within the years he increased the National Islam from 500 - 2500. He also inspired famous boxer Cassius Clay to join the Nation, after which he changed his name from Cassius Clay to Muhammad Ali. In Jan. of 1964, Malcolm broke away from the Nation of Islam, however noted that he was still a muslim. He felt that the Nation had "gone as far as it could" because of its rigid teaching. Muhammad felt that Malcolm was becoming a favorite of the media and that he was overstepping and overshadowing Muhammad. After leaving the Nation of Islam, Malcolm founded the Muslim Mosque, a religious organization of African American Unity. It was at this point that several Sunni Muslims encouraged X to study more of Islam. Malcolm soon after converted to Sunni Islam. In 1964 before he left the Nation of Islam, Malcolm were prepared with the phrase "The Honorable Elijah Muhammad teaches us that..." Leaving The Nation of Islam The Nation of Islam believed that black people were superior to white people. Before leaving the Nation, Malcolm believed that Islam was the "True Religion" of black men kind and that christianity was the white mans religion. Leaving The Nation of Islam On February 21, 1965, in Manhattan, Malcolm X began to speak to a meeting of the Organization of Afro-American Unity when a disturbance broke out in the crowd of 400. As Malcolm X and his bodyguards moved to quiet the disturbance, a man rushed forward and shot him in the chest with a sawed-off shotgun. Two other men charged the stage and fired handguns, hitting him 16 times. A Nation of Islam member known as Thomas Hagan, was arrested on the scene. Elijah Muhammad told the annual Savior's Day convention on February 26, "Malcolm X got just what he preached. Many people of the Nation of Islam believe there is a color boundary in religion (i.e. NofI is the "Black Mans" religion and Christianity is the "White mans religion". What do you think?
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