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Mick Mack

on 9 December 2013

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Transcript of The DSLR cAMERA

Camera Terminology

Digital Single Lens Reflex
'Reflex' refers to the reflection of light from the mirror and into the pentaprism


The opening through which light enters the camera

The diameter of the aperture in relation to the depth of the image and the amount of light entering the camera


The device that gathers light into the camera, composed of a series of glass plates

Reflex Mirror:
Takes the light entering the lens and bounces it 90 degrees into the pentaprism. When the shutter button is pressed, the mirror swings down so the light can be collected by the image sensor under the eye-piece

A fived-sided shape that collects the light from the reflex mirror and transmits it to the viewfinder

Digital Photography Summary
A small aperture will result in a large f-stop number
Shorter Shutter Speed= Less time to capture light
The longer the lens, the faster the shutter speed needs to be
Depth of field:
how much of the background is in focus
Ex. f/5.6- shallow depth
f/32 wide depth
Camera Lenses
Charge-Coupled Device & ISO

(Charged-Coupled Device)
coverts light in a digital camera into electronic data
The quality of an image depends on the
sensor of CCD.This is usually measured in
The resolution of an image determines the clarity
The higher amount of megapixels, the higher the resolution of the image
The Path of Light
Buttons & Controls
1. Mode Dial
2. Release- Mode Selector
3. Information Button
4. Exposure button/Aperture button/Flash button
5. Shutter Release
6. Power Switch
7. AF-assist illuminator/ Self-timer lamp/ Red-eye reduction lamp
8. Hot Shoe
9. Flash Mode Button
10. Microphone
11. Function Button
12. Lens Release Button
13. Playbck Button
14. Menu
15. Playback zoom/ Help
16.Playback Zoom In Button
17. Information Edit Button
18. Viewfinder Eye Piece
19. Diopter Adjustment Control
20. AE-L/AF-L button/Protect button
21. Command Dial
22. Live View Switch
23. Video Record Button
24. Multi-Selector
25. OK Button
26. Delete Button
27. Speaker
28. Monitor

The F-Stop

(International Standards Organization)
measures the light sensitivity of the image sensor
The lower the ISO number, the less sensitive the sensor is to light
This will result in a finer grain
Has a short focal length, yet provide wider shot of a scene compared to a standard lens. Good for landscape portraits
Long focal length and strong magnification. Used for capturing images far from the position of the camera
Used for photographing subjects at a close range i.e. insects, flowers. Provides sharpness close-up
Fast Prime:
Has one focal length, yet a very wide aperture, and therefore, high shutter speeds
Premium Glass:
High quality lens
By Michelle McNally
Model: Nikon D3100
1. "CCD." Daily Definition RSS. N.p., n.d. Web. 08 Dec. 2013.

2. "How a Digital Camera Works." YouTube. YouTube, 30 June 2012. Web. 08 Dec. 2013.

3. "ISO Settings in Digital Photography." Digital Photography School RSS. N.p., n.d. Web. 08 Dec. 2013.

4. "Nikon | Imaging Products | Parts and Controls - Nikon D3100." Nikon | Imaging Products | Parts and Controls - Nikon D3100. N.p., n.d. Web. 08 Dec. 2013.

5. "Prime Lenses – an Introduction." Digital Photography School RSS. N.p., n.d. Web. 08 Dec. 2013.

6. "What Is an F-Stop?" PictureCorrect RSS. N.p., n.d. Web. 08 Dec. 2013.
There are several kinds of lenses that can attach to your DSLR. Lenses are unique in their range of zoom, length and quality.
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