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Conflict between India and Pakistan

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Kevin Ramirez

on 10 December 2012

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Transcript of Conflict between India and Pakistan

India and Pakistan conflict. Brief description of the conflict. Muslims (Pakistan) have battled for a long time with the Hindus (India) because control of the territory of South Asia. Both of them never agreed on the location of the boundary separating the two countries in the northern region of Kashmir. Muslims have fought a guerrilla war to reunite Kashmir to make it become part of Pakistan or its own independent country. Made by: Kevin Ramirez, Period 4, Mrs. Cantu Minor information. In 1947, British India was partitioned into two independent states, India and Pakistan.
The reason for the separation of West and East Pakistan from India was ethnicity.
The creation of Pakistan as two territories apart proved unbalanced, and in 1971 East Pakistan became the independent country of Bangladesh.
India's religious unrest is further complicated by the presence of twenty-five million Sikhs, who were not given their own independent country when India was separated. India-Pakistan conflict in depth Since 1947, when the British eliminated their colonial rule, the colony turned into two countries, India and Pakistan. Both of them went to war in October 1947 because Pakistan supported a Muslim rebellion in Kashmir. The war ended on 1 January 1949. The status of the territory remained in dispute because there was never a meeting in order to compromise. India-Pakistan conflict in depth cont.
Pakistan and India went to war again in 1965 after Pakistan crossed into India's (India's considered land) land of Jammu and Kashmir. The Pakistan civil war. East Pakistan demanded to become an independent country because they were apart and it proved to be unstable. India invaded East Pakistan in support of its people after millions of civilians fled to India. East Pakistan became the independent country of Bangladesh on 6 December 1971.

Sources http://news.bbc.co.uk/hi/english/static/in_depth/south_asia/2002/india_pakistan/timeline/1971.stm Images http://www.google.com/imgres?q=pakistan+and+India+conflict&um=1&hl=en&sa=N&tbo=d&rls=com.microsoft:en-us&biw=1680&bih=907&tbm=isch&tbnid=qxvPFVcCIKQSqM:&imgrefurl=http://www.defence.pk/forums/world-affairs/179197-indias-two-front-war-plans-9.html&docid=f_SI3pUk2He7eM&imgurl=http://www.mtholyoke.edu/~khan23n/classweb/worldpolitics116/Templates2/east-and-west-pakistan.jpg&w=500&h=487&ei=IPDEUKX3JY7NqQGWp4Fw&zoom=1&iact=hc&vpx=1407&vpy=524&dur=125&hovh=222&hovw=227&tx=162&ty=154&sig=102209690924827249678&page=2&tbnh=148&tbnw=152&start=45&ndsp=50&ved=1t:429,r:94,s:0,i:373 http://www.google.com/imgres?q=pakistan+and+India+conflict&um=1&hl=en&sa=N&tbo=d&rls=com.microsoft:en-us&biw=1680&bih=907&tbm=isch&tbnid=toD5wNx_GDiKBM:&imgrefurl=http://edtech2.boisestate.edu/lockwoodm/Collapse/india.htm&docid=shHAVFhjjt-l-M&imgurl=http://edtech2.boisestate.edu/lockwoodm/Collapse/images/India-Pakistan%252520Partition.JPG&w=378&h=413&ei=IPDEUKX3JY7NqQGWp4Fw&zoom=1&iact=hc&vpx=134&vpy=239&dur=437&hovh=235&hovw=215&tx=94&ty=93&sig=102209690924827249678&page=2&tbnh=144&tbnw=132&start=45&ndsp=50&ved=1t:429,r:62,s:0,i:277 India-Pakistan conflict in depth cont. In 1989 armed resistance to Indian rule began in the Kashmir valley with some wanting to join Pakistan and the others wanting independence. Pakistan then came to support for the unity of Kashmir, but India believed the purpose was only to train and supply the rebellious people of India. Kashmir Rebellion. Sign of peace? In 1996, Pakistan's and India's military officers met on the Line of Control dividing the state of Jammu and Kashmir to decrease the tension after clashes. When they met, they included in their conversation about the Kashmir issue, and they promised to meet again. In 1988 India and Pakistan had signed an agreement not to attack each other's nuclear facilities.

In May 1998, India conducted underground nuclear tests in the western desert state of Rajasthan near the border of Pakistan. In response, Pakistan conducted six tests in Baluchistan. Both countries were heavily judged by their doings of the nuclear tests. The U.N urged both countries to stop all nuclear programs. Relations between the two countries improved again in February 1999 when Indian prime minister traveled to Pakistan to meet Pakistani prime minister. They signed the Lahore accord pledging again to "intensify their efforts to resolve all issues." Including the issue of Jammu and Kashmir. In 1992 Pakistan said it had acquired the knowledge of to make a nuclear bomb.



Nuclear = possible calamity. Kargil Conflict In May 1999, India launched air strikes against Pakistan's backed forces that had came into the mountains in Indian-administered Kashmir. India claimed the Pakistan soldiers were in operations while Pakistan claimed they were "freedom riders" fighting to help Jammu and Kashmir . In October 1999, General Pervez Musharraf led a military overthrow in Pakistan, removing Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif. The general's assumption of power was later validated over three years by the Pakistan's supreme court.
The overthrow was not approved by the international community which called for elections and an immediate return to civilian government. Pakistan was also suspended from the Commonwealth.


What is the international community doing about his conflict? The war of 1947-1948 ended on 1 January 1949 when a ceasefire was arranged by the United Nations, which recommended that both India and Pakistan should maintain to their commitment to hold a referendum in the state. Nuclear rivalry The United States ordered sanctions against both countries, freezing more than $20 billion of aid, loans and trade. Japan ordered a block on about $1 billion of aid loans.
Several European countries followed suit.

Possible solution that I might suggest? I would suggest to let Kashmir and Jammu vote to observe where the majority of the populations wants to go to, Pakistan, India, or a new independent country. Then I would suggest that the majority that would want to be part of Pakistan migrate near the border of Pakistan, and that portion of Jammu and Kashmir can become part of Pakistan. The northern part of Jammu and Kashmir can be India's part. The land in between will have to become neutral so the countries don't have to get into conflicts.
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