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Postindian Warriors of Survivance:From Manifest Manners
Transcript of Postindian Warriors of Survivance:From Manifest Manners
Indian – cultural construct according to the dominant group, the colonial power: there is no equivalent in tribal languages or culture
Postindian – survivor of the colonial power, represents real tribal values, simulation of survivance
The word Indian portrays a stereotype, a homogenized group – primitive, intuitive, black
This is the dualist thinking of the colonial power – civilized, rational, white
Survivance – a term coined by Vizenor meaning survival and resistance from the dominant colonial power
Manifest manners – scriptural simulations that the colonial power uses to dominate the Indian through the annihilation of tribal stories and cultural values
They are the invention of the Indian way of life through dominant literature and films, like Cowboys and Indians; manifest manners is the absence of the other, the other is stigmatized
Trickster hermeneutics – translations of real tribal stories
What does being indigenous imply for white people?
White people are misled about indigenous people by the manifest manners
Indians as stereotypes – homogenized, stigmatized
Information about Indians and their ethnic tribes has been dominated by the colonial power
There is little information about the postindian
Gerald Vizenor´s background
- His father was part of the Anishinaabe tribe; he was killed when Vizenor was only two years old
- His mother was Swedish-American and she had problems with drugs
- Vizenor spent a lot of time with his paternal grandmother and his uncles; he read about tribal literature as a child
- Vizenor studied the poststructuralist theory of Michel Foucault
Issues that we are going to address
1.- Dichotomy: Indian vs. Postindian
2.- Terminology that Vizenor introduces:
survivance - manifest manners - trickster hermeneutics
3.- Gerald Vizenor´s background
4.- What does being indigenous imply for white people?
5.- Magritte and Warhol - ambiguity portraits
Postindian Warriors of Survivance: From Manifest Manners
Magritte and Warhol
Virginia López Espinosa
Romina Peralta Tapia
This is not a pipe – René Magritte
This is not an Indian
- Andy Warhol
He was black, he was white... and everything in between.
To sum up...
Being postindian means to change the representation of the indian by undermining the simulations of dominance and provide authentic representations of tribal values and stories through remembrance and survivance.
The postindian must uncover the absence of the real other and give meaning and form with narrative recreation, and overcome the manifest manners of dominance.