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Copy of Martin Luther & The 95 Theses
Transcript of Copy of Martin Luther & The 95 Theses
Later in Life
Martin Luther was born in 1483 to a poor family of miners.
His parents wished for him to be a lawyer.
While in law school, he survived being struck by lightining during a storm, which made him leave law school and become a monk.
Joined a German monastery and began to dedicate his life to learning and teaching the Gospel.
The more he studied, the more he realized how corrupt the Catholic Church had become.
From 1533 to his death, Luther served as the Dean of theology faculty at Wittenburg.
He died on February 18, 1546.
Martin Luther is most popularly known as the Father of Protestantism.
He was a German monk, theologian, university professor, priest and church reformer.
Luther was sparked the Protestant Reformation when he posted his 95 Theses challenging the corruption of the Catholic Church.
Johann Tetzel was given the task of raising money for the building of St. Peter's Basilica in Rome by selling "indulgences".
Indulgences promised the purchaser that their sins would be forgiven and the were assured to get into heaven - they just had to pay the price set by the church.
Tetzel once said: "As soon as the gold in the coffer [collection box] rings; the rescued soul to heaven springs!"
Luther believed this to go against the teachings of the Bible. He was FURIOUS about indulgences and saw them as being against the word of God. Check out how he responds in the video --------------------------------------------------------->
In 1517, Luther hammered his 95 Theses to the door of Castle Church in Wittenberg, Germany.
He proposed that people could get into heaven on faith (in God) alone. (ie indulgences are useless pieces of paper)
Luther had saw the selling of indulgences as the powerful church preying on the poor, who were fearful of going to purgatory when they die.
The 95 Theses were copied and distributed throughout Germany [thanks to the Printing Press].
They were seen as attack on the Pope's Power.
Pope Leo X (10) [who was from the Medici Family] saw income from the sale of indulgences decline.
In 1520 Pope Leo X excommunicated Martin Luther to try and stop the spread of his ideas.
Presented by Samara A. Martinez, Modified by Mr. Strong
Watch Tetzel sell indulgences and how Luther responds to him
At the Diet of Worms [basically a trial], Luther still refused to take back what he said and was exiled [kicked out of Germany].
While in exile, Luther translated the Bible into German, publishing The New Testament by himself in 1522.
The Printing Press helped spread this new Bible all around Europe.
People could read the Bible for the first time and began interpretting it for themselves, leading many new Protestant Christian faiths, which began to break the power of the Catholic Church.
How did this all end?
It Gets Really Real...
Tetzel, Indulgences, and Luther - What's the Beef?
So what did Luther say in response?
This is just the begining...