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Medieval Europe

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Ben Ranzinger

on 18 February 2013

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Transcript of Medieval Europe

Medieval Europe: The Late Middle Ages The Black Death was a disease thought to be a bubonic plague and swept across Europe and Asia in the 1300's. It's known as the Black Death for the terrible spots it left on people. Historians believe the plaque began in the Mongol empire or the Gobi Desert. The Mongols traded with all Eastern Europe, India, and Asia along the Silk Road. Caravans infested with rats spread the plague. The first outbreak occurred in China in 1331 and 1353 killing half the population and spread to India Caffa was a trade colony controlled by Italian merchants and was the first European city that the Black Death appeared in. Caffa Goods shipped from Caffa in 1347 arrived at Sicily and spread the plaque even further. Sicily By 1351, the Black Death had swept across Europe killing millions and the population of Europe nearly cut in half. Landlords ended up paying workers more and serfs bargained with their lords to pay rent instead of owing services. The Black Death, like the Crusades, weakened the feudal system and changed Europe's society forever. The Black Death It's estimated that about 1000 villages were destroyed during this horrible disease. An estimated 7,500 people died everyday. Joan of Arc was born in Domremy, a small village in France on January 6, 1412, and was the youngest of 5. Dormemy At 13, she had visions of saints telling her to be good. When she was older, she joined the French army and was sent to Orleans. Orleans Using the power of faith, the French drove the armies of the English out of Orleans and freed France, but she was soon captured and after proven guilty of heresy and improper dress, she was burned at the stake. The Hundred Years' War The Hundred Years' War started with William Normandy who still ruled the country as he became king of England. French kings wanted to drive out the English, but the English had a claimed right to Normandy. In 1337, Edward III, an English king also declared himself king of France, which angered the French to the point that war broke out. Crecy was the first major battle site for the Hundred Years' War. Crecy English archers drove out the French. Then in 1415, they ruled under a new king and controlled the northern territories. Europe The plague usually killed whole families because they couldn't come to abandon each other
it played a major roll in shaping culture and economic trends
symptoms include: fever, vomiting, muscle pains, and bleeding in the lungs People prayed for centuries for deliverance from the plague. There were smaller outbreaks around the whole Eastern world for centuries. Spain and Portugal Fight the Muslims Muslims ruled the Iberian Peninsula during the Middle Ages, but most of the people were Christians. The Muslims developed a rich and successful culture on the peninsula, but many Christians opposed the Muslim teachings. The conflict of Christians trying to take back their land is known as the Reconquista. Reconquista translates to "reconquest" in English. Castile Aragon Granada Portugal They also built beautiful palaces and mosques like the Alhambra in Granada. Some saints that visited her were St. Michael the Archangel and St. Catherine. Other things about her are... she is the patron saint of soldiers and France her full name is Jeanne d'Arc her feast day is May 30 and she had a suit of armor just for her Christians made three kingdoms by the 1200's... For these 200 years, the Muslims lost ground until all that was left was Granada in the south. Princess Isabella of Castile and Prince Ferdinand of Aragon set up the Spanish Inquisition that told Jews and Muslims to either convert to Christianity or leave Spain. Muhammad XII of Granda surrendered to the prince and princess on 1492, and Muslims fled to North Africa. Joan of Arc Places to Know Crecy- the first major battle site of the Hundred Years' War.

Orleans- where Joan of Arc battled the English and freed France People to Know Joan of Arc- a villager from Domremy who's faith freed France

Isabella of Castile and Ferdinand of Aragon- the young couple who married, drove out the Muslims and freed Spain Vocab to Know plague- a contagious disease that cannot easily be drove out Reconquista- the reconquest of Christians on the Iberian Peninsula The End By: Ben Ranzinger
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