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Transcript of Moliere
Moliere's ten major works are divided into two groups:
(1) the farcical comedies
(2) high comedies
Farcical comedy-- The Doctor In Spite of Himself (1666)
Comedy of character-- Tartuffe (1664)
His most popular plays Tartuffe and Amphitryon
Moliere's Influence in Theater
The World in which the Playwright is Writing
Moliere gets married to Amande Bejart in 1652. She was either the sister or daughter of his former partner Madeleine. They have three children Louis, Marie Madeleine, and Pierre.
His Return to Paris
In 1658, Moliere returns to Paris with his company to perform for the king. The first play presented was a tragedy and the second was a comedy "The Doctors in Love" that had a much more positive reaction from the king. This was a significant moment for Moliere. Theatre companies could not perform without permission in Paris. This would be the beginning of Moliere`s theatre career in Paris and he took the name Moliere so his family wouldn't be embarrassed.
On February 17, 1673 Moliere died of tuberculosis. Mythology says that he fell in the middle of a performance of "The Imaginary Invalid" and died soon after that.
The birth of Moliere
On January 15, 1622 in Paris, France Jean Baptiste Poquelin was born. He is known for his stage name Moliere. He was the eldest out of six children. He was a French play writer, actor, and stage manager. The genres he performed were comedies. Moliere was born into a prosperous family. Moliere's mother Marie Cresse died when he was twelve years old, after his mothers death he lived with his father. At fourteen he went to the college de Claremont and later studied law at the University of Orleans.
In 1643, Moliere started a theatre company with brother and sister Madeleine Bejart and Joseph. The company failed and Moliere ended up in debtor`s prison. When he got out, the company spent thirteen years touring the provinces.
Moliere's Influence in Theater
Like the literature, art and social customs of the time, Moliere's 17th
century french theatre was based on a set of rules and customs. Though Molière’s company had the support of the court, and were frequently asked to perform there, his plays were often censored or banned because they would insult the nobility and the religious clergy.
Before his great success, Molière underwent a long apprenticeship during which he developed his style and language. This modernity makes him one of the most intriguing literary figures, and, thanks to his influence, French is still nowadays referred to as ‘la langue de Molière’.
In a society of artifice, Molière used the theatre to mock the affectations of his audience of socialites.
While occasionally getting him into trouble, his satires earned him the reputation of one of the greatest comedians of all time.
Writing style was greatly influenced by commedia dell' arte
Wrote about the flaws of humanity
His characters would possess poor qualities such as: misers, hypocrites, vanity, misanthropes, stupidity, etc.
Moliere became a master of
He made multiple enemies: the upper class and the church
Uses comedy to highlight serious morals and social issues through laughter
Tartuffe or the imposter
The story of one of the greatest con-men of all time.
Cut short because of controversy surrounding the play
Based on greek Mythological Characters
It was a success such a that it was performed 29 times by Easter 1668
Two of the words in the play became everyday french words
Moliere was greatly influenced by his interactions with the italian Commedia dell'art performers who were known for their inprovisional skills and highly physical playing, and the evreyday truth tey brought to their lively presentations.
The “new brand” of French comedy, which Molière developed and perfected, featured the humor/charm and commedia-inspired naturalness of character physicality of buffoonery.