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Qin Dynasty

"Best Dynasty Since the Zhou." -- Shi Huang Di ( 221 BCE )
by

Ethan Tebbe

on 30 September 2013

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Transcript of Qin Dynasty

Qin Dynasty
What advances were made during the Qin dynasty?
When was the Qin dynasty in power and for how long?
Pronounced, "
Chin
"
The
Qin
dynasty lasted from
221 B.C.E.
to
206 B.C.E.

Who were the notable leaders?
Shi Huang Di
Pronounced,
"She Hoo Ong Dee"

Meaning,
"First Emperor"
A
standard currency
was established.
This currency is dubbed as the
Ban Liang
coin.
Shi Huang Di
was the first person in all of Chinese history to rule over all of China. Never before had all the inhabited land in China been ruled by a single dynasty; ruled by a single man.
Shi Huang Di
mandated that the only proper philosophy to follow is
Legalism
. All other philosophies and religions were outlawed in China. This effectively stopped the spread of
Confucianism
. Schools of thought were burned to the ground and all types of philosophical texts were burned to ashes.
What was society like during the Qin dynasty?
How did the Qin gain power?
How did the Qin lose power?
What did the Qin succeed at?
What did the Qin fail to do?
Legalism
promoted the idea that everyone was bad and needed to be controlled. To add to that belief, the
Qin
outlawed all other systems of belief in the country. No more
Confucianism
, no more
Daoism
, no more
Animism
, no more believing in anything but
Legalism
. All schools of thought and philosophical texts were burned, as aforementioned.
After
Shi Huang Di
died, a son of his' came to power. His name was
Emperor Er Shi Huang Di
, and he was a terrible ruler. He had little experience in ruling a country, and for that reason he relied on his prime minister,
Zhao Gao
, far too much.
Shi Huang Di
had done many terrible things to his people during his rule and the peasants were entirely disgruntled.
Er Shi Huang Di
was left to deal with the peasant uprisings that had started due to the unrest of the country. The uprisings and battles soon left the
Qin
with no supplies or manpower and
Er Shi Huang Di
was oblivious all the while. He finally came to realize that he had foolishly lost his whole country to peasants--only because his prime ministers had told him so--and committed suicide.
Before the
Qin
dynasty came to power, there was a period named the "
Warring States Period
." During this time there were eight states in China that were constantly battling for superiority under a
feudalistic
system. The
State of Qin
managed to annhialate the
State of Zhou
, and from then on they had no problem conquering the other six states. Thus they unified China under a single dynasty: the
Qin
.
A new form of
Calligraphy
was made.
They developed the
Small Seal script
and it made writing easier with less characters, simplified characters, and even brush strokes. They also developed the
Clerical Script
which is another simplified writing that runs diagonally left to right.

Under the
Qin
dynasty the
Great Wall
began. The actual building of the wall was a great success, even though the wall was not a success itself. The
Qin
dynasty simply did not last long enough to finish the wall.
The
Qin
successfully regulated commerce with the
Ban Liang
coin. This system allowed trade to flourish.
The
Qin
gained power during the
Warring States Period
. The
State of Qin
first defeated the
State of Zhou
and then proceeded to take over the other six states. Thus creating a single, unified China under the
Qin
dynasty.
During the
Qin
dynasty the
Terracotta
soldiers were constructed. These soldiers were made to protect
Emperor Shi Huang Di
in the afterlife. These soldiers are a major showcase of the artistic capabilities during the
Qin
dynasty.
Ultimately, the
Qin
dynasty failed to stay in power.
The
Qin
dynasty failed to complete the
Great Wall
.
Full transcript