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Trail Of Tears: Indian Removal Act

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Peyton Newman

on 5 May 2014

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Transcript of Trail Of Tears: Indian Removal Act

Trail Of Tears: Indian Removal Act
Tribe Background(s)
Seminole Wars
The Florida Seminole Wars were made up of 3 wars fought in
the southeastern United States between the U. S. Militia and the
Seminole indian tribes. The first Seminole war lasted from 1817 to
1818, the second Seminole lasted from 1835 to 1842, and the third and
final Seminole war lasted from 1855 to 1858. All of these wars were
centered around the idea of being able to control the territory of
Florida.
Treaties
Short Term & Long Term Effects
Short Term:
~ the native american tribes were relocated to the Oklahoma Territory
~ Native American populations declined
~ Native Americans had to settle on non-fertile land so they could no longer farm

Long Term:
~ now a days native american descendents born on reservations have a higher risk of disease, heart attack, sickness, etc.
~ most native american descendents live under the national poverty line
~ indians can no longer have the same economic opportunities because they are being raised in a different environment than what they would have had
Vocab
Andrew Jackson - 1767–1845, U.S. general: 7th president of the U.S. 1829–37

Indian Removal - a 19th-century policy of ethnic cleansing by the government of the United States to relocate Native American tribes living east of the Mississippi River to lands west of the river

Native American/Indian - member of the aboriginal people of America

Sovereignty - supreme and independent power or authority in government as possessed or claimed by a state or community

Trail Of Tears - the route along which the United States government forced several tribes of Native Americans, including the Cherokees, Seminoles, Chickasaws, Choctaws, and Creeks, to migrate to reservations west of the Mississippi River in the 1820s, 1830s, and 1840s

Treaty - a formal agreement between two or more states in reference to peace, alliance, commerce, or other international relations
The forced removal of the Chickasaw, Choctaw, Cherokee, Creek and Seminole indian tribes was an unfair and unworthy event of an ethnic cleaning on the U. S. and Andrew Jacksons behalf.
Thesis
Trail Of Tears Route

The native americans that were forced to leave their homelands along the trail of tears took 2 separate routes, a northern and a southern route. When they were on the trail of tears, the indians
were separated into 13 groups. The long 800
mile journey was taken during the
winters of 1838 to 1839 and over 4,000
Cherokees and less than half of the
Creek tribe survived the
excruciating trip.
Indian Removal Route
Chickasaw:
~ consisted of 5,000 native americans
~ spoke Muskogeon
~ faced land cession treaties in 1806, 1816, and 1818
~ up until pre-european settlement was one tribe with the Choctaw
Choctaw:
~ consisted of 20,000 to 25,000 native americans
~ spoke muskogeon
~ signed Treaty of Mount Dexter in 1805
~ up until pre-european settlement was one tribe with the Chickasaw
Cherokee
~ consisted of 20,000 to 25,000 native americans
~ spoke Tsalagi
Creek:
~ consisted of 20,000 to 25,000 native americans
~ spoke muskogee
~ considered a "sovereign nation" within the U.S.
Seminole:
~ consisted of 20,000 to 25,000 native americans
~ spoke miccosukee
Over the course of the time leading up to the trail of tears and the removal of native americans from the southeast United States, many treaties were signed by both the
U. S. government and the "five civilized nations". As a matter of fact, the native american Chickasaw tribe signed three separate treaties where they gave fertile farming land over to the U. S. so that they would not be forced out of their own homes. Another treaty, the Treaty of Mount Dexter, was signed by the Choctaw tribe saying that they would also give away part of their land so they would not be forced out of their lands.
A plaque that stands by the boundaries of the Mount Dexter Treaty.
Native American Lands Before & After The Indian Removal Act of 1830
Before
After
Work Cited
Primary Sources
A Century of Lawmaking. N.d. Government. A Century of Lawmaking for a New
Nation: U.S. Congressional Documents and Debates, 1774 - 1875. Web. 11 Apr.
2014. <http://memory.loc.gov/cgi-bin/ampage?collId=llsl&fileName=004/
llsl004.db&recNum=458>.
"Indian Removal Act." Web Guides. N.p., 3 Apr. 2014. Web. 11 Apr. 2014.
<http://www.loc.gov/rr/program/bib/ourdocs/Indian.html>.
United States. Choctaw Nation. Papers relating to The claims of the Choctaw
nation against the United States arising out of the treaty of 1830.
Washington: GPO, n.d. Print.
Military Service in the Florida Seminole Wars, 1817–1858. Washington:
GPO, n.d. Print.
Secondary Sources
"Chickasaw, Choctaw, Creek." The Encyclopedia of North American Indians. New
York: Marshall Cavendish, 1997. Print.
North American Indian Timeline. N.p., n.d. Web. 12 Apr. 2014.
<http://www.thelatinlibrary.com/imperialism/notes/
nativeamericanchron.html>.
"Oklahoma Territory." Oklahoma Historical Society. N.p., n.d. Web. 12 Apr. 2014.
<http://www.okhistory.org/kids/aiactivity2.php>.
"Seminole." The Encyclopedia of North American Indians. New York: Marshall
Cavendish, 1997. Print.
"Shaping the Trans-Mississippi West: 1830-39." Antique Prints Blog. N.p., 28
Dec. 2011. Web. 12 Apr. 2014. <http://antiqueprintsblog.blogspot.com/
2011/12/shaping-trans-mississippi-west-1830-39.html>.
Targ-Brill, Marlene. Trail of Tears. Brookfield: Millbrook, 1994. Print.
The Seminole Wars
Map of the 1st, 2nd, and 3rd Seminole Wars.
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