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Australia's first discovery
Australia was first discovered by Pedro Fernandez de Quiros a portuguese navigator and his crew in 1606 though many claim otherwise. He was born in Evora, Portugal in 1565, but served the Spanish king when the to countries united. When he discovered Australia he named it 'Terra Australis' which means south land
Megafauna are the animals that roamed the earth 50,000 years ago but today are extinct. Some megafauna even weighed up to 500 kilograms. They were extremely large animals and some resemble animals alive today.
By Luka Pilli
The Australian gold rush started in 1851 when gold was discovered in Australia. Most of the people that came to Australia from overseas were Chinese, hoping to pan in the gold fields. The chinese people brought many chinese vegetables with them.
This is my Australian history timeline. It will teach you about Australian history like what Gondwanaland was, to the first fleet, to the gold rush. It will explain when, where, why and what happened in those times.
For hundreds of millions of years, all the land of Earth was connected in one super continent.Then 200 million years ago the land began to drift apart. It broke into two pieces.
Scientists have called the continent in the north, Laurasia and the continent in the south Gondwanaland. Gondwanaland was Antarctica, South America, Africa, India, and Australia connected.
This is him --->
The First Fleet left Portsmouth harbor on 13 May 1787. They sailed south in search of new land to colonize. AKA Australia. There were 11 ships. 2 Naval ships, 3 supply ships and 6 convict ships. There were 722 convicts, 17 of which were children.
When the first fleet arrived in Australia they had to colonise it for it to be livable. Meaning, they had to build farms, build houses and clear land to do so. When the first fleet arrived they used the convicts to clear the land and build farms and houses. They also had to live off there own resources. No coles back then. If they needed wood they would chop down a tree, if they needed food they would have to grow it.
The Second Fleet
The second fleet had 6 ships but only 5 made it to Sydney. There were 4 convict ships, 1 Naval ship and 1 supply ship. Many convicts died on the trip from England, and those that didn't were very weak and/or sick. When the second fleet arrived in Sydney, they had to set up a temporary hospital to house the injured convicts. It took them 133 days on average to arrive since the ships left and arrived at different times.
There were many explorations of Australia, most of the explorers sent were English.
Bass and Flinders
James Cook was born on November 7, 1728 and died on February 14, 1779 where he was killed by a Hawaiian tribe. He was the first person to map Australia for Britain. He had 8 children and their names were; Nathaniel Cook, Elizabeth Cook, Joseph Cook, George Cook, James Cook and Hugh Cook. he won the Copley medal 1776 for his later voyage around the world.
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They sailed till the 3 June 1787 where they arrived at Tenerife and stayed for a week buying fresh food and water. Some convicts were let off the ship to have a walk around above decks.
Rio de Janeiro
They arrived at Rio de Janeiro on 7 August 1787 where they stayed for a month repairing sails, buying fresh food and water. Again convicts were let above decks to get some fresh air, while others had to stay on ship
Cape of Good Hope
From there they sailed to the cape of good hope and arrived there on the 13 October 1787. They bought some Goats, Cows and Horses etc.
Bass and Flinders are most known for their expeditions together in the boats all named Tom Thumb. The area between Victoria and Tasmania is actually named after them. Bass Straight is it's name. They sailed all around Australia together.