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kj reiber

on 19 March 2013

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Underground Railroad and the Abolitionist Movement Frederick Douglass info
http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/8/85/Frederick_Douglass_c1860s.jpg pic bibleography
http://chroniclesofharriet.files.wordpress.com/2012/11/r6.jpg Harriet tubman A famous Abolitionist This is Frederick Douglass was an American social reformer, orator, writer, and statesman. He was a slave and escaped and he then became a leader of the abolitionist movement. He became popular with his amazing oratory and great antislavery writing. Many northerners found it hard to believe he was a slave for how good his oratory was. Douglass stood as an example that proved slaveholders wrong that said slaves did not have the intellectual capacity to function as independent American citizens. Douglass also wrote autobiographies about himself. He wrote several about his life while he was a slave in 1845. He also wrote two autobiographies that were published in 1881. They were about going through and after the Civil War. information info Harriet Tubman is a famous Abolitionist and renouned union spy. She was a huge abolitionist and faught very hard to stop slavery. Later after the union won the civil war she became an active supporter for sufferage. Harriet Tubman had a very hard a difficult childhood. She was born into slavery around the year 1820, her birthdate is unknown. She was born in Maryland, on a plantation owned by Anthony Thompson. When she was little a metal beam hit her in the head causing seizures, and chronic headaches. When Harreit was around the age of thirty it became clear that she needed to leave the plantation. Her husband tried to convince her running away was futile, but she still did. She used the north star to travel to Philadelphia. Once there she had no family, or friends so she worked odd jobs and saved money. While Fredrick Douglass was a famous abolisionist he also was a supporter of womens sufferage (sufferage is the right to vote). He supported the rights of all kinds of people. Women, blacks, natives, everyone. One of his most famous quotes was "I would unite with anybody to do right and with nobody to do wrong." This quote states how strong he feels about equality. Fredrick Douglass has an interesting back story. Nobody really knows what year he was born in or what day he was born on. They do know that he was born on a plantation in Maryland. Fredrick decided to have his birthday on Febuary 14. He was born a slave, and by slave code he could not be taught to read which thankfully he didn't obey. Fredrick Douglass was taught the alphabet around the age of twelve. People around him, slaves, and the slave owners didn't approve of reading or writing. So, Fredrick had to learn in secret. After the owners of the plantation discovered Douglass was litterate he was hired out to William Freeland. At this plantation farm he taught the New Testament. But when neighboring slave owners thought he was teaching their slaves how to read they broke up the congregation. video time!! After Harriet Tubman found her way up north she wanted to go back to the east coast of Maryland and save other slaves. She wanted to become part of the underground railroad. At one of her later interviews in life she talked about something that nobody in the underground railroad had ever achieved, never losing a slave. In her 8 years on the underground railroad she was 70 for 70 (she saved all 70 slaves that she smuggled). Author of the famous Uncle Tom's Cabin Harriet Beecher Stowe Q: Who are you? A: My name is Harriet Beecher Stowe. I am a famous abolitionist. I am author of the famous Uncle Tom's Cabin. I was born in Litchfield, Connecticut, on June 14th, 1811. I Also am credited for being the start of the civil war. Don't get me wrong, the civil war was in the making since the start of the union. I died on July 1, 1896. The cause of death was old age, at a strong age of 85. Q: What is Uncle Tom's Cabin? Uncles Tom's Cabin was a anti-slavery novel focused on showing how bad slavery is in the south. The book was published in 1852, and was a very controversial book. The north loved the ideals shown in the book and the south hated everything about the book. Abraham Lincoln is rumored to have said, "little woman who wrote the book that made this great war." This summarises how controversial the book was. Q: How could a book be so importat? A: The short answer is that it was just the tip of the iceburg. The north and south had been butting heads over slavery for many years. As stated earlier, the book was published in 1852. California applied for statehood in 1850. The south was deeply angered by both of these two huge events. It is important to remember that the slave states left the union, the union didn't kick them out. By the year 1861, war was declared and the battle of slavery had begun. Q: What is this? A: This is a political cartoon of Uncle Tom's Cabin. Depicted in the picture is the slave owner, Uncle Tom, and the lady with the book is Harriet Beecher Stowe. If you look very closely you can see the book says, "Uncle Tom's Cabin." John Rankin Famous for his work as a conductor in the underground railroad John Rankin was born in Dandridge, TN. He grew up and became a Presbyterian minister at the Jefferson County Presbyterian Church. Rankin though was not a natural public speaker and had to try hard just to put together a good seminar. Within a few months Rankin gained the courage to speak against slavery and at the time TN was a slave state. His elders told him to consider leaving TN if he intended to oppose slavery. Soon he moved him and his family across the Ohio River to Ripley, Ohio. Ripley was a place where many anti-slavery Virginians had settled. The first few months there, protesters followed him through town and gather outside his house to listen to him speak against slavery. Rankin gained popularity when his letters to his brother were published. His brother Thomas lived in Virginia and owned slaves. John convinced Thomas though to free his slaves and move to Ohio. Along with the followers Rankin also gained opposers. Slave owners came to his doorstep at all hours demanding information about escaped slaves. Rankin soon noticed his house was too accessible so he moved on top of a 540 foot tall hill overlooking Ripley, the Ohio River, and Kentucky shoreline. At this house Rankin rose a lantern on a flagpole to signal fleeing slaves when it was safe to cross the Ohio River into freedom. He also built a staircase up the hill for escaped slaves to climb up to safety on their way North. For over forty years leading up to the civil war, many of the 2,000 escaped slaves stayed at the family's house. None of the slaves at the house were ever recaptured. Q: What was the plotline of Uncle Tom's Cabin? A: Uncle Tom was a slave in Kentucky. Arthur Shelby told Tom that he would never be seperated from his family. His sister Eliza runs away with her child and Tom is sold to Augustine St. Clare. Q: How does the book end? A: I cant't tell you that! I can give you a hint though. It is not a happy ending. Not everybody wins, nor does everybody lose. Feast your eyes on this Political cartoon of Harriet Tubman Q: Did you do anything important other than Uncle Tom's Cabin? A: I did! I was one of the founders ofThe Hartford Art School. It would later be known as Hartford University. Q: Any fun facts? I was not born in Cincinnati, but when I was the age of 21 I moved to Cincinnati, Ohio. If you wanted to you could visit the same house I lived in when I was growing up. Thanks for watching!
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