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# Color Theory

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by

## Kaylee LaBella

on 26 February 2016

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#### Transcript of Color Theory

Color Theory
Sir Isaac Newton
Color is science!
The color wheel can be broken up into several pairings and mixtures of colors.
Color wheel basics
The primary colors are
red
,
blue
, and
yellow
.
These colors cannot be mixed but all other colors can be mixed by using these three colors.
Primary Colors
The secondary colors are
green
,
orange
, and
violet
.
Secondary Colors
Tertiary colors
The Color Wheel is used for:
1. determining colors
2. mixing colors
3. selecting colors
The color wheel is a a circular chart used to show relationships between colors.
The modern color wheel is based on one diagrammed by Sir Issac Newton in the 17th century.

What else is Sir Isaac Newton famous for?
Issac Newton and Light
Newton based his color wheel on data he collected from a series of light experiments.

During these light experiments, Newton used prisms to break sunlight into a rainbow of colors.
Through these studies Newton found that normal or "white" light is actually made up of a spectrum of many colors.
You get secondary colors by mixing primary colors.
Yellow
+
Blue
=
Green
Blue
+
Red
=
Violet
Yellow
+
Red
=
ORange
Mixing Primaries = Secondaries
The tertiary colors are
yellow green
, yellow orange, blue green, blue violet, red violet, and red orange.
You get tertiary colors by mixing primary and secondary colors.
Primaries + Secondaries = Tertiaries
Yellow+Green=Yellow Green
Yellow+Orange=Yellow Orange
Green+Blue=Blue Green
orange+Red=REd Orange
Blue+Violet= Blue Violet
Red+Violet= Red Violet
Color Harmonies
Besides helping you mix colors, the color wheel can also help you choose colors that work well together.
Three properties of color
The three properties of color are:
1. Hue
2. Intensity
3. Value
Hue
A hue is the name of a color.
Intensity
Intensity describes the purity of color in terms of vividness or dullness.
High Intensity Hues are vivid, unmixed or least mixed colors.
Low Intensity Hues are weak, highly mixed colors.
Value
Value refers to the lightness or darkness of a hue in relation to black or white.
To show value, a color or hue can be made lighter or darker by mixing/blending white or black with a color.
A tint is a color
mixed with white.

A shade is a color mixed with black.

A tinted shade is a color mixed with black and then white.
8 Color Harmonies
1. Warm Colors
2. Cool Colors
3. Complementary Colors
4. Monochromatic Colors
5. Analogous Colors
7. Split Complimentary Colors

Warm & cool Colors
The color wheel can be divided into warm and cool colors.

Warm colors are reds, oranges, and yellows.
Cool colors are blues, greens, and purples.
Cool Colors Recede
complementary colors
Complementary colors sit opposite one another on the color wheel.
analogous Colors
Analogous colors are three colors adjacent to each other on the color wheel.
Triadic colors are three evenly spaced colors on the color wheel.
split complementary colors
monochromatic colors
Monochromatic colors are three or more different values of the same color (various tints and shades of the same color).
Split complementary colors are one color and two tertiary colors adjacent to the color's complement.
Tetradic colors are two complementary pairs.
CREATE YOUR OWN COLOR WHEEL (35 pts)

Create an original color wheel that organizes the primary, secondary, and tertiary colors.
All colors must be in the correct order
Use the 3 primary colors to mix all of your colors
Fill up the entire page, sketch the design out first
Neatness counts
So, color is a property of light.
Color harmonies are combinations of colors that are pleasing to the eye.
Color communicates
Take 2 minutes to discuss with your table how and what color can communicate to a viewer.
Color can communicate, express, and affect:
Emotion
Energy
Mood/Tone
Behavior

chuck close
Chuck Close was born on July 5th, 1940.
He also had a physical condition making his muscles weak so he couldn't play sports. But he had a talent for painting and drawing.
Close has a condition referred to as "face blindness." He is unable to recognize peoples faces even if he has known them for a long time. So, to create his portraits, Close works from photographs.
Close divides the photos he uses into a grid system. In his early work, he used a grid to make the paintings. In his later work, the grid has become part of the paintings. Each box became a tiny painting in itself.
Close focused on developing his artistic skills and became a famous painter. Then, in 1988, Close's spinal artery collapsed leaving him paralyzed and in a wheelchair. He had to learn to paint all over again with limited mobility.
The Event
which 2 elements and which 3 principles are most important in this specific project?
2 elements
:
c
o
l
o
r
value
3 principles
:
unity
v
ar
ie
ty
proportion
Discuss with your group and write your answers on a sheet of paper. Write one sentence describing why each of the elements and principles you chose fits with this project.
Gentleness
Which words/Colors describe your personality best?
Which colors would you definitely stay away from?

Grid
:
A network of lines that cross each other to form a series of squares or rectangles
Now that you know that
color, value, unity, variety, and proportion
are the most important elements and principles in this project,
you will work with your group to compile a list of 3 goals, plus one individual goal
to guide you as you complete this project.
*Write in complete sentences and use your Bloom's Taxonomy sheets.

1.
Grid
a 9 in. x 6 in. photo into 54, 1 in. x 1 in. boxes.
2.
Grid
a 12 in. x 18 in. sheet of paper into 54, 2 in. x 2 in. boxes.
3.
Generate
a 12 in. x 18 in. portrait that
illustrates
accurate proportions in relation to a 9 in. x 6 in. photo.
Chuck Close's Note to Younger Self
o
All Dark Areas
:
Should be colored with
(colors mixed with black).
Any colors
, even primary ones, may be used to pattern the darker areas of the section
as long as they collectively appear dark
when compared to the lighter areas.
o
All Light Areas
:
Should only be colored with
tinted hues
(colors that are mixed with white) or
very light colors.
o

Some Examples of Chuck Close Box Designs:
Show Variety
Color
Shape
Color Rules for your Grid Box Patterns:
darks
Lights
For her hair she followed the outline of her hair by creating long, skinny oval shapes.
For her nose she followed the curves and shaded the darker areas.
She changed the color of her patterns to show different facial features. Her lips are purple and her skin is yellow-grey.
Write a
5-7 sentence
, descriptive, critique that focuses on
how the artist used these elements and principles in their work of art
.
The artist's chosen color theory
The application of watercolor
Value: Lights, darks, and medium tones
Areas that could use more work
Areas that look successful
* Your critique should be constructive and positive as opposed to negative and unhelpful.
*Be detailed so the artist knows what you're talking about.
*No I like.... or I dislike....
*This is a 25 point grade. I will read all of these.
PHOTOREALISM
What is it?
Collin Chillag
Monica Lee
Doug Bloodworth
Chuck Close
Self Portrait
Acrylic Paint
CREATIVE PORTRAITS
Media: PENCIL
Media: PENCIL + COLORED PENCIL
YOU MAY:
-Keep it classical
YOU MAY:
-Add color in ONLY A FEW SPOTS or ALL OVER
PASTELS
Whatever direction you choose for the completion of your portrait, know that YOUR CHOICES WILL HAVE AN EFFECT on the overall look of your portrait.
PEN
IMPORTANT NOTE:

The LAST thing I want is for you to draw a perfect portrait and only for you to be disappointed with how you FINISH IT.

Therefore,
EXPERIMENT EXPERIMENT EXPERIMENT
PRACTICE PRACTICE PRACTICE
in your sketchbook, on a scrap piece of paper, with the media that you choose.