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Roots of Representative Government

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Amy Rogers

on 15 September 2017

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Transcript of Roots of Representative Government

Roots of Representative Government
Magna Carta
Guaranteed important rights to noblemen and freeman
Gave English people protection against unfair treatment or punishment
Limited the powers of King John
Could not be put on trial based only on official's word
Promised the right to a trial by jury
"Great Charter"
House of Burgesses
The first legislature in North America elected by the people
Burgesses: Elected representatives
The colonist wanted more local control
Virginia's new governor, Sir George Yeardley, called for the selection of two burgesses from each of the colony's eleven settlements to meet at Jamestown
The Mayflower Compact
The Pilgrims landed outside the limits of the their charter
41 colonists aboard the Mayflower drafted and signed the Mayflower Compact for the good of the colony
Key step in the development of representative, democratic government in America
Provided a social contract for SELF-GOVERNMENT
The Fundamental Orders of Connecticut
Thomas Hooker
and male citizens of three townships in Connecticut assembled to draw up the Fundamental Orders of Connecticut
First written constitution in America
It contains a preamble and a set of laws
Bacon's Rebellion
Bacon blamed the Governor Berkeley for not clearing territory of Native Americans
Bacon marched into Jamestown, took control of the House of Burgesses, and burned Jamestown to the ground
Showed that the government could not ignore the demands of its people
Bacon led attacks on Native American villages
England's Glorious Revolution
Parliament and King James II began a struggle of power
King James II wanted to rule England and its colonies with total authority
A revolution in England took King James II out of power
Brought a major change in the idea of government in England
No ruler would have more power than legislature
English Bill of Rights
Set clear limits on a ruler's power
The American colonist were quick to claim these rights
The Zenger Trial
In 1735, John Peter Zenger was publisher of
New-York Weekly Journal

He was arrested for printing criticism about New York's governor
Andrew Hamilton defended Zenger claiming that people had the right to speak the truth
The jury agreed and Zenger was released
The colonists take a move towards freedom of the press
King James II
William of Orange
Without Parliament's consent, a ruler could not:
suspend laws
impose taxes
raise an army
An agreement to respect rights of English citizens
Ban cruel & unusual punishment
Right to petition
Full transcript