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Body Systems

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Tiana Dean

on 4 May 2015

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Transcript of Body Systems

Body Systems
Muscular System
Circulatory System
Nervous System
Digestive System
Urinary or Excretory System
Skeletal System
The skeletal system supports,protects,causes movement, and ensures the body to move. The main organ of the skeletal system is 206 bones that consists of cartilage, ligaments, tendons, and other structures. The bones provide support and attachment for muscles and enables movement.Muscular system also interacts with the skeletal system. The skeletal system gives muscles a frame to pull against to allow movement.
Diseases of the this system
Fractured Bones
Effects of the Environmental Factors on the system
Environmental agents affect the skeletal growth
206 bones to make skeleton
300 ossicles in your middle ear
Bones are living things
The muscular system gives your body power and strength to move your body parts. The main organs of the system is smooth, cardiac and skeletal. Smooth, involuntary muscles, brain and body tell these muscles what to do. Cardiac, involuntary, pumps blood out and relaxes to let blood back in.Last but not least, skeletal, voluntary, gives your body power and strength. The skeletal system allows the body to move and move and pump blood to all parts of your body.
Diseases of the system
Effects of the Environmental Factors of the system
Heat- causes your temperature to rise
Cold - decrease core's body temperature to drop
Altitude- available oxygen
The skeletal system make sup 40% of your total body weight
It takes half as long as to gain muscle than to lose
The smallest muscles are found in the middle ear
The circulatory system pumps blood out and relax to let blood in veins to have arteries carried away. The main organ is the heart. The heart circulates blood throughout two pathways: pulmonary and systemic. The hearts pumps blood to the lungs to pick up n, then pump oxygenated blood to other parts of the body as well as picks up waste, such as carbon dioxide out of the body.
Diseases of the system
Effects of the Environmental Factors on the System
The digestive system digests food and turn it into nutrients. The main organs are the stomach and the accessory organs: teeth, tongue , gall bladder,& salivary glands. The food passes through the alimentary canal- oral cavity, pharnx , esophogus, stomach, and, intestines. The digestive system uses the nutrients from the food for the whole body.it also helps get rid of waste.
Diseases of the System
Effects of the Environmental Factors on the System
The urinary or excretory system removes unnecessary material. The main organs are the kidneys, which filters blood to remove waste. The urinary system interacts with the circulatory system because the blood passes through the kidneys.
Diseases of the system
Effects of the Environmental Factors
on the system
coronaryatery disease
Abstract factors on your heart rate
Everyday your heart beats about 100,000 times
Laughter can send 20% more blood flow
More likely to have a heart attack on Monday because stress levels are high
stomach virus
Smoking increases the risk of cancer in the mouth, esophagus, stomach, and the pancreas.
Stomach rumbling happens at anytime.
The stomach must protect itself from itself. The stomach has a thick coating of mucus to shelter itself from the corrosive acid.
A sword swallower helped doctors look inside the stomach
Kidney diseases
Ureteral disases
Land and soil pollution
Cadmium remain in your body for years
60% of body mass is made up of water
Average person urinates about 3000 times a year
Most people breath about 6,286,920 in their life
Diseases of the System
Effects of the Environmental Factors on the system
Reproductive System
Diseases of the System
Effects of the Environmental Factors on the System
Lymphatic (Immune) System
Diseases of the System
Effects of the Environmental on the System
Alzeheimer's Disease

Chronic stress, obesity, alcohol, and the lack of physical activity are creating high blood pressure.
Women: Endometriosis

Harmful toxicants in the water, air, food and consumer products are creating more birth defects, infertility, and pregnancy loss.
The reproductive system contains the largest and smallest human cells
The vagina and tomatoes are both acidic
Men have more gametes than women
Rheumatoid arthritis
Type 1 diabetes
Mercury is found in tuna, swordfish , pesticides, and cosmetics. Mercury can decrease the production of white blood cells.
Lymph nodes are 1 to 3 cm.
The immune system retains a memory of different invaders to create an effective response if there's a second time.
The immune system chief weapons are the lymphocytes.
The nervous system sends messages throughout the body. The main organs are the brain and spinal cord. The organs are responsible for the control of the body and communication among its parts. The endocrine system works closely with the brain and the central nervous system to control hormones enzymes.
The reproductive system produces offspring.The main organs are testes and ovaries. In a woman, the ovaries produce the female's ova. In a male, the testes is where the sperm is produced. The reproductive system interacts with the nerves in order to create responds to sexual stimuli.
The lymphatic system protects body from disease.The main organ is lymph glands. Cell congregate to communicate with each other. The circulatory system allows the immune cells to travel throughout the body and survey for infection.
The nervous system has billions of of nerve cells
Nerves transmit signals up to 218 mph
The nervous system causes the release of hormones.
Endocrine System
Respiratory System
The endocrine system regulates body functions. The main organs are the adrenal glands which helps regulates metabolism and blood pressure. The endocrine system works with the digestive system through the pancreas. When we digest carbonhydrates they are transformed into sugars.
Diseases of the System
growth disorders
Effects of the Environmental Factors on the System
Pollution and exposure to lead can lead to fertility impairments.
The adrenal glands release hormones into the blood
Glands help adjust the amount of hormones produced by informing what is happening to the body.
When glucose levels are too low the alpha cells release glucagon
The respiratory system exchanges oxygen and carbon dioxide. The lungs and bronchi are the main organs. The lungs are responsible for exchange of gases and the bronchi conduct air in and out of the body. The circulatory system helps the respiratory system by transporting nutrients to keep the lungs clean and healthy.
Diseases of the System
Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease
Effects of the Environmental Factors on the System
Irritant gases, fumes , dust, pollens and animals can cause damage to the lungs
The diaphram squeezes the bottom of your lungs and air forced out of them
Smokers can have a build up of tar and clog alveoli in the lungs and decrease the amount of oxygen your body can take in
The respiratory system connects with the nervous system in your nose when you smell
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