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A Generative Form of Critical Publicity
Transcript of A Generative Form of Critical Publicity
Essential for a healthy public sphere (Habermas).
Transparent in nature...EXCEPT when manipulative.
Negative aspect: decline of civic-mindedness. Types of Publicity Manipulative
Already-formed opinion vs. a forum for adding additional opinion.
Creates a divide between the public and private.
Hinders public sphere in its basic form.
Has the capacity to constitute publics and aid in progress of public discourse.
Is conducive to a generative form of publicity.
ex. Susan B. Anthony JP II and Israel March 2000 - Visited several sites in the Holy Land, including Yad Vashem (Israel's main Holocaust memorial).
Pay tribute to 6 million Jews killed during the Nazi era (1938-1945).
Pope's visit was important because of the controversy of whether Pope Pius XII and the Catholic Church sufficiently aided the persecuted Jews during WWII. Clinton Controversy JP II and Israel Many were expecting an apology, but JP II never actually did so.
Speech, however, was widely-accepted. Overview Characteristics/Definitions of Publicity
How publicity affects democratic societies
Susan B. Anthony's use of publicity
Case studies (other examples) Characteristics of Publicity Risky...if you want to be heard.
Ex. of external inclusion (from Hauser)
"More than simply a movement of people, commodities, ideas, images, etc. ..." - Gaonkar and Povinelli
Intersubjectivity Who We Are Shared sense of meaning Indicative of a public Epistemology Generates subject positions
Transforms the public
Transforms the private Networks of Circulation Post office metaphor - Greene
Public screen metaphor - DeLuca and Peeples There has to be a some level of privacy in order for there to be a public.
Some info must remain secret. - ex. Free Masons
Info that was once secretive might be placed in a poor light or as something that is not of importance. - ex. WTO protests in Seattle
Framework of how we think about private comes from public. The unique balance between public and private info Susan B. Anthony Six month campaign - "Is it a Crime for a Citizen of the United States to Vote?"
January 1873 - June 1873
Monroe and Ontario Counties in New York
Already had established a form of circulation as a well-known speaker WHY Anthony's publicity worked to her advantage was used a majority of the time.
"Our democratic-republican government is based on the idea of the natural right of every individual member thereof to a voice and a vote in making and executing the laws." p. 422 Deductive reasoning Enthymemes generative Used arguments that were
Drawing from the known to unknown
Compares women's rights to other/past issues Gave the public an "imagination of what is possible" by looking past the "real" and "ideal."
Her image/discourse transformed the public because she knew her audience well enough to create the arguments she had.
Used arguments that had been in place for years in a fresh way. intersubjectivity Established with the people of NY
"...simply exercised my citizen's right, guaranteed to me and all the U.S. citizens by the National Constitution, beyond the power of any state to deny."
"each individual possesses the right to protect his own life, liberty, and property." p.633 (Shaw and Lee)
"We assert the province of the government to be to secure the people in the enjoyment of their inalienable rights." p. 633 "When 100 or 1,000,000 people enter into a free government, they do not barter away their natural rights; they simply pledge themselves to protect each other in the enjoyment of them through prescribed judicial and legislative tribunals." (p. 633) "Whenever any form of government becomes destructive of these ends, it is the right of the new people to alter or abolish it, and to institute a new government, laying out its foundations on such principles, and organizing its power in such form, as to them shall seem most likely to effect their safety and a happiness." p. 633
Here Anthony quotes the Declaration of Independence.
Women can't even do this. Clinton Controversy
Arkansas farm boy
Yale Educated Lawyer (1973)
Proprietor of Gay Rights (DADT 1993)
Fiscally Responsible- Balanced budget twice in office Who is Bill Clinton? (Before Monica Lewinsky) Clinton Controversy Monica Lewinsky first arrived in June of 1995 as an unpaid intern under Leon Panetta (White House Chief of Staff)
President Clinton begins to have a sexual relationship with Lewinsky in November. They would be later recorded by Linda Tripp.
August of 1997: Kathleen Willey, another White House intern, is seen leaving Clinton's office. She would later claim that he sexually assaulted her. Clinton Controversy The Lewinsky scandal received publicity on January 21st, 1998, when multiple news outlets reported the sexual relationship between Clinton and Lewinsky
IMPORTANT: Aspects of Clinton's private life become public, thus changing his public identity. Clinton Controversy Who is Bill Clinton now? (Post Sexual Scandal)
Sexual deviant- 8 women claimed to have a relationship with Clinton
A liar: He was impeached on two accounts: perjury (Lying under oath) and Obstruction of Justice (Not providing adequate information to investigators) Those in attendance: Israel's Prime Minister, Ehud Barak
50 Holocaust survivors (13 of whom were from Pope's hometown Wadowice).
Entire event was broadcast on Israel's 2 major T.V. networks.