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Transcript of Operation Barbarossa
The strategy/ plan of attack: Germany
German attack delayed due to Hitler sending troops to help Italy after failed invasion of Greece
attack needed to begin before May 15
1940: Hitler gives task of planning colonization of Eastern Europe to Heinrich Himmler
Himmler creates Generalplan Ost (Eastern Master Plan)
victory would introduce ethnic cleansing
apx. 31 million Salvic-Subs will be killed/deported to make room for 8-10 million Germans
December 18, 1940: Hitler issued secret order to Germany's top generals to prepare a big attack
element of surprise= necessary (blitzkrieg)
Germany had 117 army divisions
destroyed 1200 of Russian aircraft
attacked head quarters & communication centers, troops and amour areas, soviet airfields
Luftware to stop defendant response
Hitler focused on economic opportunities, rather than attacking Russians
Three army groups: Army group North, Army Group Center, Army Group South
Hitler spent a lot of time attacking Kiev, Smolensk & Leningrad
The Military Technology Used
Many types of technologies were used during operation Barbarossa
cars where needed to transport supplies to German troops
there weren't many roads in Russia and the mud would get stuck in the car engines
there were great distances between the front lines and the objectives German troops never had to face prior to this invasion
Germany used 3000 tanks, 7000 artillery pieces and 2500 aircraft on this operation alone
Germany had the latest technologies, they were heavily equipped
Russia had twice as many aircraft although they were mostly out of date
The most important weapon was the T-34 tank which was the greatest asset to the Soviets Germany's many technologies proved ineffective as they were unprepared for the Russian winter
Their tanks froze along with their other weapons
the only way to get them to work was to light fires underneath them
Seeming the most basic technology, clothing, was also a big contribution to the failure of operation Barbarossa
Many of them died due to frostbite
Germany tried to come back from this blow but could not
German being unprepared for the Russian winter is what, in the end, secured the failure of this operation
The outcome and the results of the battle
Outcome: Nazi Germany had been defeated
-Between Germany and Soviet Union there was clearly no more non-aggression pact between the two, as Hitler was very against bolshevism and he used the non-aggression pact for what he needed and then disregarded it as just a normal piece of paper
-First of all Hitler was very bad at planning as they had already delayed the beginning of the attack from May-June because of an invasion they made to Yugoslavia and Greece
-Hitler went into the attack thinking he could defeat the USSR and get it under his control in just 2-3 months. He already had Poland, Finland and Romania under his control so he thought he could capture the Soviet Union before winter. His over confidence is what killed it for him because this is what led his troops to not being prepared for the winter
-Just in the first week of this operation, German forces had advanced 200 miles into soviet territory, destroyed about 4,000 aircraft, and killed, captured or wounded about 600,000 Red Army troops.
-But he had under estimated the strength of the soviet army. The soviet army was never short on soldiers, when a couple died, a couple more were added-
-The red army also had another advantage: they were close to their resources and the Germans were moving farther and farther away from theirs
-So yes, Hitler was doing really well, but then the Russian Winter kicked in. At this point nothing was working out for him as the winter of 1941-1942 was the COLDEST of its decade.
-113,000 German soldiers were incapacitated or killed from frostbite
-Tanks were damaged and gasoline was scarce
-By the end, Germany had suffered about 918,000 casualties and more than 800,000 Soviets had been killed, and 6 000 000 had been either wounded or captured.
-out of the 3.4 million soviet soldiers that were captured, 2 million had died of starvation
The significance of this operation to the war
It was significant because it was the beginning of the end for Hitler. Operation Barbarossa was the invasion of Soviet Russia by Nazi Germany in 1941 for more land for the Aryan race.
At first, Hitler signed a non-aggression pact with the USSR in the 1939, but he didn’t believe in soviet communism so he broke the contract and invaded the soviet-union. The agreement barely gave them any time to prepare for a probable war, so they were alarmed. This went on to be one of the most violent operations in War History. Hitler used the blitzkrieg stack method across the border and the soviets suffered terrible losses. Within one week, destroyed nearly 4000 air crafts, killed, captured, or wounded around 600,000 red army troops and had advanced 200 miles into soviet territory.
Although he was very forward with the technology being used and had set some sort of game plan for the operation, He was not prepared for winter. By the middle of July, the German forces were about 200 miles away from Moscow. However the invasion began to go off course in August. German forces had pushed through and made big advances early on, but as winter approached German troops were trapped in the weather. These extreme temperatures and weather tired the German troops down and most of them suffered from frostbite because they didn’t have the clothing to protect them from the winter. After their failure to reach Moscow, the soviet-union was able to Stand tall against the German Nazi’s and defeated them.
Even though the soviet unions red army experienced great losses in the beginning of this operation, when Germany was defeated at the end marked a significant blow for the German military effort and was the beginning of the end of Hitler’s so called thousand year Reich. His inability to plan ahead for the attack and underestimating the strength of the soviet army caused Germany to lose this operation and it turned the tide of the whole War.
Hitler signed a non aggression pact with ussr and he didnt believe in soviet communism. He invaded soviet Russia for land or else they would kill everyone. Hitler wanted to take over the Soviet Union because Russia was very big in size and powerful. He wanted to destroy the Jews and the Russians. German Nazis goes to Moscow but there is not food. Russia then decides to call some guys from the Soviet Union and completely destruct Germany. That's a big embarrassment for Hitler because he lost to Russia. Hitler brings back Germany's military back to Berlin to take back the land they want. This was a very big turning point for the whole war.
T-34 tank- The soviet unions biggest asset
greatest asset to soviet union
thick frontal armor
12 cylinder engine giving 500 horsepower
Top speed of 33 miles per hour
Operational range of 250 miles before refueling
High Velocity 76.2 mm gun
outcome and results of the war:
Anderson, Duncan, Lloyd Clark, and Stephen Walsh. The Eastern Front. Newton Abbot: David & Charles, 2001.
Short video on Operation Babarossa
MP40 German sub-machine gun
Equipped with 75mm Howitzer Artillery Cannon and shell
Mobile and quick
74 mm main gun
efficient in capturing France and Britain
low-velocity short barreled
German Panzer Tank IV
most effective with confrontational battles
easy to carry, not very heavy
500 rounds/ minute
Soldiers in the Winter
at the time the war started, Russia was not done ordering its army
Russians had 132 army divisions
Stalin's army was unordered
Russia had conferences in Stavka
Russia considered making peace and surrendering some land
"We have to kick in the door and the whole rotten structure will come crashing down"-Adolf Hitler