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Copy of Social Penetration Theory
Transcript of Copy of Social Penetration Theory
SOCIAL PENETRATION THEORY
proposed by Irwin Altman and Dalmas Taylor
it is the process of developing deeper intimacy with another person through mutual self-disclosure and other forms of vulnerability
Personality Structure: A Multilayered Onion
Altman and Taylor compared people to onions
Onion-like layers of beliefs and feelings about self, others, and the world; deeper layers are more vulnerable protected, and central to self-image
Regulating Closeness on the Basis of Rewards and Costs
• It all depends on the cost-benefit analysis that each man performs as he considers the possibility of a closer relationship
• Social exchange theory of John Thibaut & Harold Kelley – relationship behaviour and status regulated by both parties’ evaluations of perceived rewards and causes of interaction with each other
• Outcome – The perceived rewards minus the costs of interpersonal interaction
Comparison Level (CL)
Ethical Reflection: Epicurus' Ethical Egoism
Ethical Egoism - the belief that individuals should live their lives so as to maximize their own pleasure and minimize their own pain.
- the tendency to claim a physical location or object as our own
The Depth and Breadth
-The depth of penetration is the degree of disclosure in a specific are of an individual’s life
1. Peripheral items are exchanged more frequently and sooner than private information
2. Self-disclosure is reciprocal, especially in the early stages of relationship development
3. Penetration is rapid at the start but slow down quickly as the tightly wrapped inner layers are reached
4. Depenetration is a gradual process of layer-by-layer withdrawal
-The breadth of penetration is the range of areas in an individual’s life over which disclosure takes place
-the threshold above which an interpersonal outcome seems attractive; a standard for relational satisfaction
Comparison Level of Alternative (CLalt)
-the best outcome available in other relationships; a standard for relational stability
Dialectics and the Environment
- the assumption that people want both privacy and intimacy in their social relationships
Closeness Through Self-disclosure
Self-disclosure is the voluntary sharing of personal history, preferences, attitudes, feelings, values, secrets, etc... with another person; transparency